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Friday, January 30, 2015

Hishaam bin Hujayr al-Makki


Name:

هشام بن حجير المكى

Hishaam bin Hujayr al-Makki

Tabaqah: 6 - From the contemporaries of Minor Taabi'een

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari Muslim Nasaa'ee

Teachers: Hasan al-Basri, Taawoos bin Kaysaan, and Maalik bin Abi Aamir al-Asbahi.

Students: Sufyaan bin Uyaynah, Abdul Malik bin Jurayj, Muhammad bin Muslim at-Taa’ifi, and Shibl bin Abbaad al-Makki

Status: Sadooq, Hasan ul-Hadeeth

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal (D. 241) said:

ضعيف الحديث
“He is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[ Al-Ilal by Abdullah bin Ahmad (824, 825)]

2-    Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een (D. 233): Imaam Abdullah bin Ahmad said,

سَأَلت يحيى عَن هِشَام بن حُجَيْر فضعفه جدا
“I asked Yahya (bin Ma’een) about Hishaam bin Hujayr, so he weakened him severely”
[ Al-Ilal (3/30 # 4024)]

Note: It should be noted that Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een is a Mutashaddid and his Jarh is not accepted without explanation as compared to the explicit Tawtheeq.

3-    Haafidh Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan (D. 198): Imaam Ali bin Abdullah al-Madeeni said,

قرأت على يحيى بن سعيد نا ابن جريج عن هشام بن حجير حديثا. قال يحيى بن سعيد: خليق ان ادعه، قلت أضرب على حديثه، قال نعم.
“I read upon Yahya bin Sa’eed a hadeeth from Hishaam bin Hujayr through Ibn Jurayj. Yahya bin Sa’eed said: ‘It is befitting that I should leave him.’ I asked, ‘Should I cross out his hadeeth?’ He replied, ‘Yes.’”
[ Al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (9/54)]

Note: Imaam Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan is one of the strictest critiques. His Jarh is not acceptable without an explanation as compared to the explicit tawtheeq.

4-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 275) said:

مكى يكتب حديثه
“Makki, write his narrations (i.e. in Mutaabi’aat)”
[ Al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel (9/54)]

Note: Imaam Abu Haatim is also a Mutashaddid and his Jarh is also not accepted without an explanation against the explicit Tawtheeq. He is known for using this term for several other Thiqah narrators.

Note: Uqaylee’s merely mentioning him in his ad-Du’afa does not necessitate his jarh upon him because the authors of the books of Du’afa include all those narrators in their books that have been criticized even though they may be thiqah. So merely being mentioned in ad-Du’afa is not a Tad’eef.

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Bukhaari (D. 259) narrated from him in his Saheeh.


2-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj al-Neesaaboori (D. 261) narrated from him in his Saheeh.

3-    Imaam Muhammad bin Sa’d (D. 230) said:

وكان ثقة وله أحاديث
“He was Thiqah and he had a number of narrations”
[ Tabaqaat al-Kubra (6/32)]

4-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee (D. 261) said:

ثقة، صاحب سنة
“He is Thiqah, the man of Sunnah”
[ Ath-Thiqaat by Ijlee (P. 55)]

5-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) mentioned him in Kitaab ath-Thiqaat (7/567 T. 11503)

6-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) narrated from him in his Saheeh.

7-    Imaam Zakariyya bin Yahya as-Saaji (D. 307) said:

صدوق
“He is Sadooq.”
[ Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (11/33)]

8-    Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

مكي ثقة
“Makki Thiqah”
[ Al-Kaashif (6058)]

And he also mentioned him in his book, “Man Tukullima Fihi wa Huwa Muwaththaq” (P. 187) in which he mentioned the names of those narrators who were criticized but they were Thiqah or Saalih al-Hadeeth according to the most authentic view.

9-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said:

صدوق له أوهام
“He was Sadooq and had (a few) errors”
[ Taqreeb (7288)]

Note: It is known that every Thiqah or Hasan ul-Hadeeth narrator makes some mistakes, which does not make him Da’eef, rather only those of his narrations will be weakened in which he has proven to be mistaken.

Note: It is from the strengthening of his condition that although he has a less number of narrations, but in none of them is he alone in narrating. He is always supported by another person, from what I have seen Wallaahu a’lam.

Conclusion:

Hishaam is Hasan ul-Hadeeth at the least and his hadeeth is Hasan Lidhaatih.