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Friday, March 15, 2013

Amr bin Shu’ayb bin Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas




Name:

عَمْرو بن شعيب بن مُحَمَّد بن عَبد اللَّهِ بن عَمْرو بن العاص القرشي السهمي، أبو إبراهيم، ويُقال: أبو عَبد الله المدني.

Amr bin Shu’ayb bin Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas al-Qurashi as-Suhmi, Abu Ibraaheem, and it is said: Abu Abdullah al-Madani

Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “His mother is Habeebah bint Murrah bin Amr bin Abdullah”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 9/156]

Tabaqah: 5 – From the Minor Taabi’een

Death: 118 H in Taa’if

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari in Juzz al-Qira’ah Khalf al-Imaam – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Saalim the freed slave of his grandfather Abdullah bin Amr, Sa’eed bin Abi Sa’eed al-Maqburi, Sa’eed bin al-Musayyab, Sulemaan bin Yasaar, Shu’ayb bin Muhammad, Tawoos bin Kaysaan, Urwah bin az-Zubayr, Ataa bin Abi Ribaah, Mujaahid bin Jabar al-Makki, Muhammad ibn Muslim bin Shihaab az-Zuhri, Zaynab bint Abu Salamah, Zaynab bint Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas and others.

Students: Usaamah bin Zayd al-Laythi, Ishaaq bin Abdullah bin Abi Farwah, Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaani, Thaabit al-Bunaani, Thawr bin Yazeed al-Himsi, Hajjaaj bin Artaat, Humayd at-Ta’weel, Dawood bin Abi Hind, Abu Haazim Salamah bin Deenaar, Shu’ayb bin Shu’ayb as-Suhmi (his brother), Aasim al-Ahwal, Aamir al-Ahwal, Abdullah bin Abdur Rahmaan at-Taa’ifi, Abdullah bin Lahee’ah, Abdur Rahmaan al-Awzaa’ee, Abdul Malik bin Jurayj, Ataa bin Abi Ribaah (and he was elder than him), Ataa bin Abi Muslim al-Khurasaani, Amr bin Deenaar al-Makki, Qataadah bin Di’aamah, Muhammad bin Ishaaq bin Yasaar, Muhammad bin Ajlaan, Muhammad bin Muslim bin Shihaab az-Zuhri, Makhool ash-Shaami, Hishaam bin Urwah, Wahb bin Munabbih, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Ansaari, Abu az-Zubayr al-Makki, Maalik bin Deenaar as-Saami and others.

Status: Thiqah

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ishaaq bin Rahwayh said: “When the narrator narrating from Amr bin Shu’ayb is Thiqah, then he is like Ayyoob narrating from Naafi’ from Ibn Umar (i.e. extremely reliable)”
[Al-Mustadrak al-Haakim: 1/186, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is Thiqah”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: 1/311, Chain Saheeh; Su’alaat Ibn al-Junayd: 1/431]

3-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi said: “He is Makki as if he is Thiqah in himself, he is only criticized because of his Kitaab”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/239]

4-    Imaam Bukhaari said: “I have seen Ahmed (bin Hanbal), Ishaaq (bin Rahwayh) - and he mentioned other people – taking evidence from the hadeeth of Amr bin Shu’ayb”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 2/139 H. 322; Taareekh al-Kabeer: 6/342]

5-    Imaam Abu Eesa at-Tirmidhi authenticated his hadeeth in his Sunan
[H. 322, 674, 1144, 1181, 1247, 1289 etc]

At one place, he said: “The Majority of Ahl al-Hadeeth take evidence from the hadeeth of Amr bin Shu’ayb and affirm it, among them are: Ahmed, Ishaaq and others”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: H. 641]

6-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: “He is Thiqah”
[Thiqaat: 1/365]

7-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “Amr bin Shu’ayb is Thiqah fi Nafsih…”
[Al-Kaamil: 6/205]

8-    Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in Kitaab ath-Thiqaat
[1/151]

9-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah has taken evidence from him in his Saheeh
[H. 174, 760, 1304, 1306, 1641, 1771, 1810, 1813, 1816, 1955, 2280, 2324, 2327, 2328, 2448, 2465, 2570, etc]

10-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan took evidence from him in his Saheeh
[H. 485, 2396, 4355, 4835, 5123]

At one place, he said: “Amr bin Shu’ayb is Thiqah in himself, evidence is taken from his report when he narrates from other than his father….”
[Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan: 2396]

Note: The discussion of his narrations from his father is coming ahead in the link.

11-          Imaam Abu Awaanah has narrated and authenticated his hadeeth in his Saheeh
[H. 5681, 6029]

12-          Imam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim said while commenting on a hadeeth of Amr that: “The chain of this hadeeth is Saheeh, all its narrators are Madani Thiqaat”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: 1/729 H. 1998 etc]

13-          Imaam Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi authenticated his hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 7340]

14-          Haafidh al-Mundhiri said: “There is long discussion on him, the Jumhoor went towards his tawtheeq and taking evidence from his narration narrated from his father from his grandfather”
[Al-Targheeb wal Tarheeb: 4/576]

15-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “He is Thiqah Sadooq, Katheer al-Ilm, Hasan al-Hadeeth”
[Taareekh al-Islaam: 7/433]

He also said: “His hadeeth is Hasan and (even) above Hasan”
[Al-Mughni: 2/484]

16-          Haafidh Ibn al-Qayyim said: “The Jumhoor takes evidence from him”
[Tahdheeb al-Sunan: 6/374]

17-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: “He is Sadooq”
[Taqreeb: 5050]

18-          Haafidh Zayla’ee al-Hanafi said: “And the majority of people take evidence from the hadeeth of Amr bin Shu’ayb”
[Nasb ur-Raya: 1/58]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan said: “The hadeeth of Amr bin Shu’ayb is waste according to us”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 2/139, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is not strong, write his narrations…”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/239]

3-    Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa.

Note: Most of the criticism of Muhadditheen is not on Amr bin Shu’ayb himself but their criticism is specifically on the chain of transmission of: Amr bin Shu’ayb narrating from his Father from his Grandfather.

And according to the Jumhoor this chain of transmission is also authentic, as Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said: “The A’immah of Islaam and the Jumhoor Scholars take evidence from the hadeeth of Amr bin Shu’ayb narrated from his father from his grandfather when it is authentically transmitted from him…”
[Majmoo Fatawa: 8/18]

Similarly, Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin said: “The majority is upon taking evidence from it (i.e. this Silsilah of chain) as said by Ibn as-Salaah…”
[Khulaasah Badar al-Muneer: 85]

Muhammad Yoosuf Binnori Deobandi affirms that: “The Majority of Muhadditheen have gone towards the strength of taking evidence from it (from this chain), and this is the correct and Mukhtaar opinion”
[Ma’aarif us-Sunan: 3/315]

Abdur Rasheed Nu’maani Deobandi writes: “The Majority of Muhadditheen consider these ahaadeeth of Amr bin Shu’ayb to be Hujjah and Saheeh”
[Ibn Maajah aur Ilm Hadeeth: P. 141]

Shaykh ul-Islaam al-Bulqaynee (rahimahullah) has written a separate book in proving the authentication of the chain of: Amr bin Shu’ayb narrating from his Father from his Grandfather, and he says: “The correct opinion is that towards which the Jumhoor Muhadditheen have gone which is to take evidence from it”
[Mahaasin al-Istalaah Sharh Muqaddimah Ibn as-Salaah: P. 481]

In short, the hadeeth of Amr bin Shu’ayb narrated from his father from his grandfather is Saheeh and Hujjah according to the Jumhoor. For more details on the authenticity of this chain, see the following link:


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