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Tuesday, February 5, 2013

Abdur Rahmaan bin Ishaaq bin al-Haarith al-Koofi al-Waasiti




Name:

عبد الرحمن بن إسحاق بن الحارث ، أبو شيبة الواسطى ، و يقال الكوفى ( ابن أخت النعمان بن سعد الأنصارى )

Abdur Rahmaan bin Ishaaq bin al-Haarith, Abu Shaybah al-Waasiti, al-Koofi (Son of the sister of Al-Nu’maan bin Sa’d al-Ansaari)

Tabaqah: 7 – From the Major Taba Taabi’een

Narrated by: Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi

Teachers: Ishaaq bin al-Haarith, Bakr bin Abdullah al-Muzani, Al-Hajjaaj bin Deenaar al-Waasiti, Aamir ash-Sha’bee, Abdur Rahmaan bin Sa’d al-Koofi, Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi Layla, Ubaydullah al-Qurashi, Nu’maan bin Sa’d al-Ansaari and others.

Students: Hafs bin Ghiyaath, Abdullah bin Idrees, Abdur Rahmaan bin Muhammad al-Muhaarbi, Abu Mu’aawiyah ad-Dareer, Hushaym bin Bushayr, Yahya bin Zakariyyah bin Abi Zaa’idah and others.

Status: Da’eef

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

1-    Imaam Abu Zur'ah ar-Raazi said: "He is not Strong."
[Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel: 5/213]

2-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: "He is Da'eef in Hadeeth, He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth, Write his narrations and do not take evidence upon him."
[Al-Jarh wal Ta'deel: 5/213] 

3-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah said: "Da'eef ul-Hadeeth."
[Kitaab at-Tawheed: Pg 220]

4-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma'een said: "Da'eef, He is nothing."
[Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel: 5/213, Chain Saheeh; Taareekh Ibn Ma'een: 1559, 3070]

5-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: "Munkar ul-Hadeeth"
[Kitaab ad-Du'afa by Imam Bukhaari: 203; Al-Taareekh al-Kabeer: 5/259]

6-    Imaam al-Bazzaar said: "His hadeeth is not the hadeeth of a preserver"
[Kashf ul-Astaar: 859]

7-    Imaam Ya'qoob bin Sufyaan said: "Da'eef"
[Kitaab al-Ma'rifah wal Taareekh: 3/59]

8-    Imaam al-Ukaylee: "mentioned him in his Kitaab ad-Du'afaa" [2/322]

9-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: "Da'eef, Jaaiz ul-Hadeeth, write his narrations"
[Taareekh ath-Thiqaat by al-Ijlee: 930]

10-          Imaam al-Bukhaari said = "Da'eef ul-Hadeeth"
[Al-Illal by Tirmidhi: 1/227]

And he also said: "Feehi Nadhar"
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 4/1613 Chain Saheeh]

11-          Imaam an-Nasaa'ee said: "Da'eef"
[Kitaab ad-Du'afaa of An-Nasaa'ee: 358]

And he also said: "He is not Thiqah" [Sunan an-Nasaa'ee: 6/9H. 3101]

12-          Imaam Ibn Sa'd said: "Da'eef ul-Hadeeth"
[Tabaqaat Ibn Sa'd: 6/361]

13-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan criticized him with details in Kitaab al-Majroheen
[2/54]

14-          Imaam ad-Daaraqutni said: "Da'eef"
[Sunan ad-Daaraqutni: 2/121 H. 1982]

15-          Imaam al-Bayhaqi said: "Matrook"
[Al-Sunan al-Kubra: 2/32]

16-          Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in Ad-Du'afa wal Matrokeen
[2/89 T. 1850]

17-          Imaam Adh-Dhahabi said: "They have weakened him"
[Al-Kaashif: Vol 2 Pg 265]

18-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: "Koofi Da'eef"
[Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb: 3799]

19-          Imaam An-Nawawi said: "He is Da'eef with agreement (of all the Muhadditheen)"
[Sharh Muslim Vol. 4 Pg 115; Nasb ur-Rayaa Vol. 1 Pg 314]

20-          Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin said: "There is weakness in him."
[Al-Badar ul-Muneer: 4/177]


A Muta’assib Hanafi has tried to defend this narrator under the Haashiah of Nasb ur-Rayaa, saying that:

"Tirmidhi has graded a hadeeth of Abdur Rahmaan bin Ishaaq as Hassan and Haakim as Saheeh"

Whereas Haakim and Tirmidhi both are famous with Tasaahul (Leniency) according to the Muhadditheen. Tirmidhi has graded a hadeeth of Katheer bin Abdullah as Saheeh whereas Katheer is even declared to be a Liar, that's why as said by Haafidh Dhahabi, "The Scholars do not trust the Tasheeh of Tirmidhi"
[Mizaan ul-I'tidaal: 3/407]

Haakim has authenticated the hadeeth of Abdur Rahmaan bin Zayd bin Aslam in al-Mustadrak, whereas the same Haakim writes in his book "Al-Madkhal Ila as-Saheeh" that:

"‘Abdur Rahmaan ibn Zayd ibn Aslam narrated fabricated ahaadeeth from his father, and it is obvious to any competent hadeeth scholar that he is the one to blame for fabricating ahaadeeth." (Pg 104)

Zayla'ee Hanafi wrote that:

"The Authentication of Haakim is not trusted." [Nasb ur-Rayaa: 1/344]

Meaning, according to the Hanafis, the authentication of Haakim has no value and it is not trusted.

Conclusion:

Abdur Rahmaan bin Ishaaq al-Koofi is Weak with the Agreement of all Scholars.

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