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Sunday, March 31, 2013

Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya



Name:

إبراهيم بن محمد بن أبى يحيى : سمعان الأسلمى مولاهم ، أبو إسحاق المدنى ، و قيل إبراهيم بن محمد بن أبى عطاء

Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya: Sama’aan al-Aslami, their Mawla, Abu Ishaaq al-Madani, and it is said he is Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Ataa.

Tabaqah: 7 – From the major Taba Taabi’een

Death: 184 or 191 Hijri.

Narrated by: Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Ishaaq bin Abdullah bin Abi Talhah, Al-Haarith bin Fudayl, Dawood bin al-Husain, Suhayl bin Abi Saalih, Saalih bin Nabhaan, Safwaan bin Saleem, Abbaas bin Abdur Rahmaan, Abdullah bin Deenaar, Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Aqeel, al-‘Alaa bin Abdur Rahmaan, Layth bin Abi Sulaym, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Muhammad bin Abi Yahya al-Aslami, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Ansaari and others.

Students: Ibraaheem bin Tahmaan, Sa’eed bin Hakam bin Abi Maryam, Sufyaan bin Bishr al-Koofi, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Saalih bin Muhammad at-Tirmidhi, Abdur Rahmaan bin Saalih al-Azdi, Abdur Razzaaq bin Hammaam as-Sana’aani, Muhammad bin Idrees ash-Shaafi’ee, Yahya bin Aadam and others.

Status: Severely Weak – Kadhaab – Fabricator of Hadeeth.

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who criticized him:

1-    Bishr bin Umar said: “(Imaam) Maalik bin Anas forbade us from Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

Imaam Maalik further said: “He is nothing in hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

Yahya ibn Sa’eed al-Qattaan also narrated from Imaam Maalik, and said, I asked Imaam Maalik about Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya whether he was thiqah in hadeeth or not? Imaam Maalik said: “No (he is not thiqah), and neither is he thiqah in his deen”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59]

2-    Imaam Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak abandoned him and said that he used to commit tadlees.
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

3-    Imaam Bishr bin al-Mufaddal said: “I asked the Fuqaha of Madeenah about Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya, and they all said that he is Kadhaab or similar words”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/126]

4-    Imaam Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan said: “We have accused him of lying i.e. Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

At another place, he said: “Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya is a Kadh-dhaab”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/353]

5-    Imaam Ali bin Abdullah al-Madeeni said: “He is Kadh-dhaab, and speaks (the views of) al-Qadr”
[Su’aalaat Ibn Abi Shaybah: 1/124 T. 153]

6-    Imaam Abdullah bin Ahmed asked Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal about Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya, so he said: “People have abandoned his ahadeeth, and he is a Qadri”
[Al-Ilal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal by Ahmed narrated by his son: 2/503 T. 3317]

Imaam Ahmed also said: “He is Qadri, Jahmi, and every evil is in him i.e. Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

7-    Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een said: “Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya is a Raafidi Qadari” and he also said: “Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya is Kadhaab (Liar), and a Raafidi, Qadari”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

At another place, he said: “He is a Kadh-dhaab; there is no doubt in that”
[Taareekh Asma ud-Du’afaa wal Matrokeen: 1/47, Chain Saheeh]

8-    Abdullah bin Abdur Rahmaan as-Samarqandi said: I heard (Imaam) Yazeed bin Haaroon declaring Khaalid bin Makhdooj, Ziyaad bin Maymoon, and Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya to be liars.”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

9-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari weakened him by mentioning him in his book of weak narrators and said: “He is inclined towards Qadr, Yahya bin Sa’eed said: Ibn al-Mubaarak abandoned him. Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel narrated to us, Ibn al-Muthanna narrated to us, Bishr bin Umar narrated to us, he said: ‘Maalik prohibited us to narrate from Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya, I asked: Do you prohibit us from him due to Qadr? He (Maalik) replied: He is nothing in his Deen’”
[Ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer: 1/22]

10-          Imaam Abu Dawood as-Sijistaani is reported to have said: “Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya is Qadri, Raafidi, and a Kadhaab (Liar)”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Weak]

This saying, however, is not proven from Imaam Abu Dawood as the narrator Zakariyyah bin Yahya al-Hulwaani is Majhool ul-Haal.

11-          Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Faarsi said: “He is Matrook Mahjoor (discarded)”
[Al-Ma’rifah wal Taareekh: 3/138]

At another place, he said: “He is Jahmi, Qadari, Mu’tazali, Raafidi, attributed towards Kadhib (Lying)”
[Al-Ma’rifah: 3/55]

12-          Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi mentioned him in his book of weak narrators.
[Ad-Du’afa by Abu Zur’ah: 2/598 T. 8]

Imaam Abu Zur’ah also said: “He is nothing”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 1/127]

13-          Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is Kadhaab, Matrook ul-Hadeeth; Ibn al-Mubaarak abandoned his narration”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/126]

14-          Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “Abandon his narrations, do not write them”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 5/493]

15-          Imaam Nasaa’ee mentioned him in his book of weak narrators and said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afaa wal Matrokeen: 1/11]

16-          Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa
[1/62 T. 59]

17-          Imaam Abu Ahmed al-Haakim said in his book “Al-Kunaa” that: “He is Dhaahib ul-Hadeeth (wasted in hadeeth)”
[Al-Kunaa by Abu Ahmed with reference from Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 1/284]

18-          Imaam Ibn al-Jaarood mentioned him in his Kitaab ad-Du’afa and said: “He is not Thiqah, Kadh-dhaab, Raafidi”
[Kitaab ad-Du’afa by Ibn al-Jaarood with reference from Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 1/287]

19-          Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in Taareekh Asmaa ad-Du’afa wal Kadh-dhaabeen
[1/47]

20-          Imaam Abu Ya’la al-Khaleeli said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Irshaad by al-Khaleeli with reference from Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 1/286]

21-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan criticized him in detail in Al-Majroheen [1/106]

22-          Imaam Daaraqutni mentioned him in his book of weak narrators.
[Ad-Du’afaa wal Matrokeen: 1/250]

Ad-Daaraqutni also mentioned him in al-Sunan and said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[4/156 H. 3259]

23-          Imaam Bayhaqi said: “Majority of the People of Knowledge have weakened him in hadeeth”
[Al-Sunan al-Kubra: 1/249]

24-          Imaam Ibn Abdul Barr al-Andalusi said: “He is Matrook”
[24/377]

25-          Haafidh Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi said: “He is Kadhaab (Liar)”
[Al-Muhalla: 3/133]

26-          Muhammad bin Taahir al-Maqdisi said: “This Ibraaheem is Kadhaab (Liar)”
[Tadhkirat ul-Huffaadh: 1/357]

27-          Imaam Nawawi said: “He is Da’eef according to the Consensus”
[Majmoo Sharh al-Muhadhdhab: 1/87]

28-          Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee criticized him in al-Mawdoo’aat [3/217] and he also said: “He is not Thiqah”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen: 1/51]

29-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “A group (of Muhadditheen) has abandoned and weakened him”
[Al-Mughni fi Du’afa: 1/23]

30-          Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali said: “Many have accused him of lying”
[Sharh Ilal al-Tirmidhi: 2/563]

And he also said: “He is severely weak”
[Fath ul-Baari by Ibn Rajab: 8/461]

31-          Noor ud-Deen Ibn Iraaqi al-Kinaani said: “He is a Fabricator of hadeeth”
[Tanzeeh ush-Sharee’ah: 1/24]

32-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “He is Famous for his weakness”
[Al-Isaabah fi Tamiyeez as-Sahaabah: 4/136]

Ibn Hajar also said: “He is weakened by the Jumhoor”
[Tabaqaat ul-Mudalliseen: 5/129]

And in al-Taqreeb, Ibn Hajar said: “He is Matrook”
[241]

33-          Badr ud-Deen al-Aynee al-Hanafi said: “He is weakened by the Jumhoor”
[Umdat ul-Qaari: 11/82]

34-          Al-Sakhaawi said: “He is Da’eef according to the consensus of Muhadditheen”
[Fath ul-Mugheeth: 4/360]

35-          Jalaal ud-Deen Suyooti said: “He is Matrook”
[Al-Aali al-Masnoo’ah fil ahadeeth al-Mawdoo’ah: 2/344]

36-          Al-Shawkaani said: “He is Da’eef”
[Nayl al-Awtaar: 1/328]

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee said: “He is Thiqah in Hadeeth”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/357, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “I looked deep into his narrations and investigated every single of them, and I did not find any Munkar narration in them…. And he is among those whose narrations are written down. Ash-Shaafi’ee and Ibn al-Asbahaani etc have authenticated him”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/367]

Conclusion:

Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya is Kadh-dhaab and Matrook in hadeeth

Abdur Rahmaan bin Mas’ood al-Yashkuri


Name:

عبد الرحمن بن مسعود اليَشْكُري
Abdur Rahmaan bin Mas’ood al-Yashkuri

Tabaqah: 3 – From the Middle Level of Taabi’een

Teachers: Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri, Abu Hurayrah (radiallah anhum)

Students: Ja’far bin Abi Wahshiyyah

Status: Maqbool (i.e. If supported then accepted, otherwise remains weak)

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

1-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in Kitaab ath-Thiqaat
[5/106]

However, Imaam Ibn Hibbaan is known for his Tasaahul in authenticating Majhool narrators. So his saying is not hujjah here.

2-    Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori authenticated his hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Al-Mustadrak al-Haakim: H. 4777]

The hadeeth he said this under is most likely due to its supporting narrations. Moreover, even Haakim is Mutasaahil in his Mustadrak, in fact, even more lenient than Ibn Hibbaan. 

3-    Haafidh Noor ud-Deen al-Haythami said: “He is Thiqah”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 5/240]

Note: Haythami is a Muta'khkhir and is not a Naaqid so his opinion does not even count. In fact, he mostly relies only on the Tawtheeq of Ibn Hibbaan and is Mutasaahil himself. So it is not accepted from him.

Conclusion:

Abdur Rahmaan bin Mas’ood al-Yashkari is Maqbool meaning, his narration will be accepted if he is supported by others and not otherwise.

Ibraaheem bin Uyaynah bin Abi Imraan al-Hilaali al-Koofi, Abu Ishaaq




Name:

إبراهيم بن عيينة بن أبى عمران الهلالى مولاهم الكوفى ، أبو إسحاق ( أخو سفيان و عمران و محمد و آدم بنى عيينة )

Ibraaheem bin Uyaynah bin Abi Imraan al-Hilaali, their Mawla al-Koofi, Abu Ishaaq (the brother of Sufyaan, Imraan, Muhammad, and Aadam all are the sons of Uyaynah)

Tabaqah: 8 – From the Middle Level of Taba Taabi’een

Death: Before 200 H

Narrated by: Abu Dawood – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Ismaa’eel bin Raafi’ al-Madani, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Mis’ar bin Kidaam, Al-Waleed bin Tha’labah, Abu Taalib al-Qaas and others.

Students: Sufyaan bin Wakee’ bin al-Jarraah, Abu Sa’eed Abdullah al-Ashaj, Amr bin Ali al-Fallaas, Muhammad bin Abbaad al-Makki, Yahya bin Ma’een, Muhammad bin Qudaamah al-Ansaari and others.

Status: Sadooq, Hasan ul-Hadeeth

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “…He would narrate ahaadeeth in which he would oppose (ankara)” and he (Ahmed) had lenient opinion about him.
[Al-Ilal of Ahmed narrated by Al-Marwazi: 1/122]

2-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi said: “He is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa by Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi: 2/460]

3-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is a Shaykh, he comes up with Manaakeer”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/119]

Note: Narrating Manaakeer is way different than being “Munkar ul-Hadeeth”. The later denotes complete abandonment of the narrator’s hadeeth while the former does not denote continuity and it is not considered a reliable Jarh.

4-    Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[1/45]

5-    Haafidh al-Haythami said: “He is weakened by the Majority”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 1/24]

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is Muslim, Sadooq, he is not from the Ashaab al-Hadeeth”
[Su’aalaat Ibn al-Junayd: 1/332]

2-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: “He is Sadooq”
[Ath-Thiqaat: 1/53]

3-    Imaam Abu Awaanah authenticated his hadeeth in his Saheeh
[H. 8371]

4-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in Ath-Thiqaat
[8/59]

Ibn Hibbaan also authenticated his narrations in his Saheeh
[H. 2895, 5241]

5-    Imaam Dhahabi said: “His Hadeeth is Saalih”
[Meezaan al-I’tidaal: 1/51]

6-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: “He is Sadooq, makes (a few) mistakes”
[Taqreeb: 227]

Conclusion:

The hadeeth of Ibraaheem bin Uyaynah does not drop from the level of Hasan. Shaykh Albaani and Shaykh Zubayr Alee Za’ee also consider him Hasan ul-Hadeeth.

Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah




إبراهيم بن إسماعيل بن أبى حبيبة الأنصارى الأشهلى مولاهم ، أبو إسماعيل المدنى ; مولى عبد الله بن سعد الأشهلى

Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah al-Ansaari al-Ashhali, their Mawla, Abu Ismaa’eel al-Madani; Mawla of Abdullah bin Sa’d al-Ashhali

Tabaqah: Seven (7) – From the Major Taba’ Taabi’een

Birth: 83 Hijri.

Death: 165 Hijri.

Narrated by: Tirmidhi – Ibn Maajah – Abu Dawood in Kitaaf al-Tafarrud etc

Teachers: Dawood bin al-Husayn, Zayd bin Sa’d bin Zayd al-Ashhali, Abdullah bin Abi Sufyaan, Abdullah bin Abdur Rahmaan bin Thaabit bin as-Saamit al-Ansaari, Abdul A’la bin Abdullah bin Abi Farwah, Abdul Malik bin Abdul Azeez bin Jurayj al-Makki, Umar bin Sa’eed bin Surayj al-Madani, Muhammad bin Ajlaan, Moosa bin Uqbah, and others

Students: Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Nasr al-Tabbaan, Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel al-Yashkari, Ibraaheem bin Amr bin Abi Saalih, Ismaa’eel bin Abi Uways, Sa’eed bin al-Hakam bin Abi Maryam, Abdul Azeez bin Imraan az-Zuhri, Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin Deenaar, Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Fudayk, Muhammad bin Umar al-Waaqidi, Abul Qaasim bin Abi Zinaad, and others.

Status: Da’eef - Weak

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim narrated with his chain that, Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een was asked about Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah, so he said: “He is Saalih”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/84]

It has also been narrated from Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een that he said: “Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel is nothing”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/380, Chain Hasan]

2-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari (rahimahullah) said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer: 1/21 T. 2, Al-Taareekh ul-Kabeer: 1/271, Ad-Du’afa al-Ukaylee: 1/43, al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 1/233, and others]

3-    Imaam Tirmidhi (rahimahullah) said, Muhammad (bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari) said: “He is Dhaahib ul-Hadeeth (Wasted in Hadeeth)”
[Al-Ilal al-Kabeer attributed to Tirmidhi: 1/393]

4-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi (rahimahullah) mentioned him in his book of weak narrators.
[Ad-Du’afa by Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi: 2/597 T. 3]

5-    After narrating a hadeeth, Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim said: My Father (Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi) said: “This hadeeth is Munkar, and Ibn Abi Habeebah is Laysa bil Qawi (not strong).”
[Ilal al-Hadeeth by Ibn Abi Haatim: 4/468 T. 1575]

At one place, Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim said, I asked My Father (Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi) about Ibn Abi Habeebah, so he said: “He is a Shaikh Laisa Biqawi (Not strong), Write his narrations, and do not take evidence from him, he is Munkar ul-Hadeeth….”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/83]

6-    Imaam Nasaa’ee mentioned him in Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen and said: “He is Da’eef”
[1/11]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in al-Majroheen and said: “He would alter the chain of narrations, and narrate the Mursal narrations as Marfoo’”
[1/109 T. 20]

8-    Imaam Ibn Adee mentioned him in al-Kaamil fi Du’afaa ar-Rijaal and narrated the criticisms of scholars upon him and later said: “Write his narrations, despite his weakness”
 [1/379]

9-    Imaam Daaraqutni mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen and said: “He is Matrook (abandoned)”
[1/252]

10-          Imaam Dhahabi (rahimahullah) said: “He is Waahi ul-Hadeeth (weak) according to them (Muhadditheen).”
[Taareekh ul-Islaam: 10/59]

11-          Izz ud-Deen Ibn al-Atheer after narrating a hadeeth said: “It contains Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah and he is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[Asad ul-Ghaabah: 1/44 T. 556]

12-          Badr ud-Deen al-Aynee al-Hanafi said: “Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah is Da’eef”
[Maghaani al-Akhyaar: 3/500]

13-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “He is Da’eef from the seventh level.”
[Taqreeb: 1/87 T. 146]

14-          Haafidh al-Haythami said: “The Jumhoor (of Muhadditheen) has declared him weak”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 5/316]

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “He is Thiqah, from the People of Madeenah”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/380, Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/83]

2-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: “He is Thiqah”
[Ath-Thiqaat bitarteeb al-Haythami: P. 3]