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Friday, January 18, 2013

Hajjaaj bin Artaat an-Nakha’ee



Name:

حجاج بن أرطاة بن ثور بن هبيرة بن شراحيل بن كعب بن سلامان بن عامر بن حارثة بن سعد بن مالك النخعى أبو أرطاة الكوفى القاضى

Hajjaaj bin Artaat bin Thawr bin Hubayrah bin Sharaaheel bin Ka’b bin Salamaan bin Aamir bin Haarithah bin Sa’d bin Maalik an-Nakha’ee Abu Artaat al-Koofi al-Qaadhi

Tabaqah: 7- From the Major Taba Taabi’een

Death: 145 H in Khurasaan

Narrated by: Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Al-Hakam bin Utaybah, Simaak bin Harb, Ataa bin Abi Ribaah, Ikrimah Mawla Ibn Abbaas, Amr bin Shu’ayb, Abu Ishaaq as-Sabi’ee, Qataadah bin Da’aamah, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Makhool ash-Shaami, Naafi Mawla Ibn Umar, and many others

Students: Ismaa’eel bin Ayyaash, Hafs bin Ghiyaath, Hammaad bin Salamah, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak, Abdullah bin Numayr, Abdur Rahmaan al-Muhaarbi, Abdur Razzaaq bin Hammaam as-Sana’aani, Qays bin Sa’d al-Makki, Yazeed bin Haaroon and many others.

Status: Da’eef, Mudallis

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

The Decision of Jumhoor:

1-    Haafidh Nawawi said: “There is agreement on his being a Mudalli, and he has been declared weak by the Jumhoor, thus they do not take evidence from him, (however) Shu’bah and a few people have authenticated him”
[Tahdheeb al-Asmaa wal Lughaat: 1/153]

2-    Haafidh al-Iraaqi said: “He has been weakened by the Jumhoor”
[Tarh at-Tathreeb: 3/42]

3-    Haafidh Dhahabi said: “Hajjaaj bin Artaat is not taken evidence from, according to the Jumhoor”
[Meezaan al-I’tidaal: 4/296]

4-    Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin said: “The Jumhoor of Ulama is upon the weakness of Hajjaaj”
[Al-Badar al-Muneer by Ibn al-Mulaqqin: 6/68]

5-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “Verily the Majority is upon his Tad’eef, and there is a unanimous agreement on his being a Mudallis”
[Al-Talkhees al-Habeer: 2/226]

6-    Allaamah ash-Shawkaani said: “The Majority is upon the Tad’eef of Hajjaaj, and they unanimously agreed upon his being a Mudallis”
[Nayl al-Awtaar: 3/245]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal was asked if the hadeeth of Hajjaaj bin Artaat can be taken as evidence or not? He replied: “No”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer lil Ukaylee: 1/280, Chain Hasan]

He also said: “He is Mudtarib ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 3/155, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Ahmed bin Yoonus said: “(Imaam) Zaa’idah bin Qudaamah would not narrate from Hajjaaj, he had abandoned his hadeeth”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/155, Chain Hasan]

3-    Imaam Ali ibn al-Madeeni said that he heard Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan saying: “Hajjaaj bin Artaat and Muhammad bin Ishaaq are both equal according to me. I have deliberately abandoned Hajjaaj and I did not write a single narration from him”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/155, Chain Saheeh]

4-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is truthful, (however) not strong (in hadeeth). He used to narrate from Amr bin Shu’ayb while committing tadlees from Muhammad bin Ubaydullah al-Arzami”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/156, Chain Saheeh]

He also said: “He is Da’eef”
[Taareekh Baghdaad: 8/230, Chain Saheeh]

He also said: “Hajjaaj bin Artaat is not Strong, and he is similar (in weakness) to Ibn Abi Layla and Mujaalid”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/156, Chain Saheeh]

He also said: “Evidence is not taken from his hadeeth”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/156]

5-    Imaam Ya’qoob bin Shaybah said: “He is truthful, (but) there is Idtiraab in his hadeeth”
[Taareekh Baghdaad: 8/230, Chain Saheeh]

6-    Imaam Nasaa’ee said: “He is Da’eef, evidence is not taken from his hadeeth”
[Sunan al-Nasaa’ee: 4986]

7-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “People have only accused him of doing tadlees from Az-Zuhri and others, and he sometimes would err in some narrations, as for lying deliberately then he did not do that, and he is among those whose narrations are written down (for Mutaabi’aat and Shawaahid)”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 2/229]

8-    Imaam ad-Daaraqutni said: “He is Da’eef”
[Sunan ad-Daaraqutni: 3/207, 2504]

9-    Imaam Ibraaheem bin Ya’qoob al-Juzjaani said: “Hajjaaj bin Artaat used to narrate from those people whom he had not met such as: Zuhri etc. Thus his hadeeth is to be checked upon”
[Ahwaal ur-Rijaal: 100]

10-          Imaam Ismaa’eel al-Qaadhi said: “He is Mudtarib ul-Hadeeth because of his abundance in hadeeth narration”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajar: 2/174]

11-          Muhammad bin Nasr said: “His hadeeth is dominated with Irsaal, Tadlees, and the alteration of words”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajar: 2/174]

12-          Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “He is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra la Ibn Sa’d: 6/359]

13-          Haafidh Bayhaqi has also declared him “Da’eef”
[Al-Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 8/298]

14-          Haafidh Ibn Abdil Barr said: “He is not Strong”
[Al-Tamheed by Ibn Abdil Barr: 2/90]

15-          Haafidh Ibn Hazm said: “He is Da’eef”
[Al-Muhalla by Ibn Hazm: 11/454]

16-          Haafidh Ibn Abdil Haadi writes: “He is not taken evidence from”
[Tanqeeh al-Tahqeeq by Ibn Abdil Haadi: 1619]

17-          Haafidh Ibn Katheer has also called him “Da’eef”
[Al-Bidaayah wal Nihaayah: 4/347]

18-          Haafidh al-Iraaqi [Takhreej Ahaadeeth al-Ihyaa: 7/367]
19-          Haafidh Dhahabi [Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 5/]
20-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar [Talkhees al-Habeer: 2/260]
21-          Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin [Al-Badar al-Muneer: 1/729]
22-          Haafidh Zayla’ee al-Hanafi [Nasb ur-Raya: 1/92]
23-          Imaam Ibn Abi al-Izz al-Hanafi [Al-Tanbeeh Ala Mushkilaat al-Hidaayah: 4/189]
24-          Mughaltaai al-Hanafi [Sharh Ibn Maajah: 762]
25-          Haafidh Suyooti [Al-Shumayal ash-Shareefah: 162] have also declared Hajjaaj bin Artaat to be a “Weak” narrator.

Abu Mu’aawiyah ad-Dareer narrates that Hajjaaj bin Artaat said to us: “Don’t demand for Sama’ from me”
[Al-Majroheen by Ibn Hibbaan: 1/227, Chain Saheeh]

This proves that Hajjaaj bin Artaat was a big time Mudallis.

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi said: “He is truthful, Mudallis”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 3/156]

2-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “Hajjaaj bin Artaat is truthful, he commits tadlees from weak narrators, write his narrations, and when he says, Haddathana, then he is Saalih; his truthfulness and memorization can not be ignored when he affirms his hearing, and evidence is not taken from him”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/156]

3-    Imaam Hammaad bin Zayd said: “Hajjaaj bin Artaat is more big of a narrator than Sufyaan ath-Thawree”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/156, Chain Saheeh]

4-    Imaam Shu’bah said: “It is necessary upon you to hold firm to Hajjaaj bin Artaat and Muhammad bin Ishaaq”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/155, Chain Saheeh]

5-    Ibn Abi Najeeh said: “There has not come from you anyone like him”
[Al-Ma’rifah wal Taareekh lil Fasawi: 2/803]

6-    Imaam al-Ijlee said: “Jaaiz ul-Hadeeth, the people have only accused him of Tadlees”
[Taareekh ath-Thiqaat lil Ijlee: 107]

7-    Haafidh Khaleeli said: “Aalim Thiqah, he has been weakened for his tadlees”
[Al-Irshaad lil Khaleeli: 1/19]

8-    Haafidh Bazzaar said about one of his hadeeth that: “We do not know of any better chain than this”
[Kashf al-Astaar: 2/92]

9-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah said: “I do not taken evidence from him except that in which he says Haddathana or Sami’tu (i.e. affirms his hearing)”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajar: 2/196]

10-          Imaam Abu Awaanah has authenticated him by authenticating his hadeeth.

11-          Imaam Haakim declared one of his hadeeth to be “Saheeh ul-Isnaad”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: 2/500]

12-          Haafidh Dhahabi writes that Imaam Tirmidhi sometimes acts leniently and authenticates the hadeeth of Ibn Artaat, and this is not right.
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 7/72]

Conclusion:

Hajjaaj bin Artaat is a Da’eef narrator according to the Jumhoor, and a Mudallis with consensus.

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