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Wednesday, May 15, 2013

Zaa’idah bin Abi ar-Ruqaad al-Basri



Name:


زائدة بن أَبي الرقاد الباهلي ، أبو معاذ البَصْرِيّ



Zaa’idah bin Abi ar-Ruqaad al-Baahili, Abu Mu’aadh al-Basri


Tabaqah: 8 - From the middle level of Taba Taabi'een

Narrated by: Nasaa'ee

Teachers: Thaabit al-Bunaani, Ziyaad al-Numayree, Aasim al-Ahwal

Students: Khaalid bin Khadaash, Ubaydullah bin Umar al-Qawaareeri, Muhammad bin Salaam al-Jumahi, Muhammad bin Amr bin Uthmaan bin Abi al-Ja’d al-Basri, Yahya bin Katheer al-Anbari, Abu Hafs al-Numayree and others.

Status: Munkar ul-Hadeeth

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam al-Jarh wat Ta'deel Yahya bin Ma’een (D. 233) said: “He is nothing”
[ Narrated by Ibn Tahmaan (1/64)]

2-    Imaam al-Jarh wat Ta'deel Ali bin Abdullah al-Madeeni (D. 234) said: “He narrates Munkar narrations”
[ Ad-Du'afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee (2/81) Chain Saheeh]

3-    Ameer ul-Mu'mineen fil Hadeeth, Imaam   Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari (D. 256) said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth”
[ Taareekh al-Kabeer by al-Bukhaari (3/433)]

4-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 275) said: “He narrates Munkar Marfoo narrations from Anas through the route of Ziyaad al-Numayree, thus we don’t know whether it’s from him or from Ziyaad? Nor do we know him narrating from anyone other than Ziyaad, so we rely on his hadeeth (through this route)”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (3/613)]

5-    Imaam Al-Nasaa’ee (D. 303) said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth”
[ Ad-Du'afa wal Matrokeen by al-Nasaa'ee (1/43)]

6-    Imaam Abu Bakr al-Bazzaar (D. 313) said: “Zaa’idah is Munkar ul-Hadeeth”
[ Musnad al-Bazzaar (1/164 H. 92)]

7-    Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee (D. 322) mentioned him in Ad-Du’afa
[ Ad-Du'afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee (2/81 T. 531)]

8-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) said: “He narrates Munkar narrations from the famous narrators, evidence is not taken from him, nor are his narrations written down except for I’tibaar (i.e. Shawaahid & Mutaabi’aat)”
[ Al-Majroheen by Ibn Hibbaan (1/308)]

9-    Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee al-Jarjaani (D. 365) said: “Zaa’idah bin Abi ar-Ruqaad has some good narrations… and some of his narrations are in which he opposed various names….”
[ Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee (4/196-197)]

10-          Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee (D. 597) mentioned him in Ad-Du’afa
[ Ad-Du'afa wal Matrokeen by Ibn al-Jawzee (1/291)]

11-          Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said: “He is Da’eef”
[ Meezaan al-I'tidaal by Dhahabi (2/65)]

12-          Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin (D. 804) said: “Zaa’idah is Munkar ul-Hadeeth as Bukhaari said”
[ Al-Badar al-Muneer by Ibn al-Mulaqqin (8/748)]

13-          Allaamah Shihaab ud-Deen al-Busayri (D. 840) graded a hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Da’eef due to the weakness of Zaa’idah”
[ Ittihaaf al-Khayrah by al-Busayri (2/427)]

14-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth”
[ Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajar (1/213 T. 1981)]

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ubaydullah bin Umar al-Qawaareeri (D. 235) said: “There is nothing wrong in Zaa’idah bin Abi ar-Ruqaad”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (3/613), Chain Saheeh]

Conclusion:

Zaa’idah bin Abi ar-Ruqaad is Munkar ul-Hadeeth.

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