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Sunday, August 11, 2013

Hammaad bin Usaamah bin Zayd, Abu Usaamah al-Qurashi



Name:

حماد بن أسامة بن زيد القرشى مولاهم ، أبو أسامة الكوفى ، مولى بنى هاشم ( قاله البخارى ) و قيل مولى زيد بن على

Hammaad bin Usaamah bin Zayd al-Qurashi, their client, Abu Usaamah al-Koofi, Mawla Bani Haashim and it is said he is the client of Zayd bin Ali

Tabaqah: 9 - From the minor Taba Taabi'een

Death: 201 H in Koofah

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari Muslim Abu Dawood Tirmidhi Nasaa'ee Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Abu Ishaaq Ibraaheem bin Muhammad al-Fazaari, Al-Ajlah bin Abdullah al-Kindi, Al-Ahwas bin Hakeem ash-Shaami, Idrees bin Yazeed al-Awdi, Usaamah bin Zayd al-Laythi, Israa’eel bin Yoonus, Ismaa’eel bin Abi Khaalid, Bishr bin Khaalid al-Koofi, Habeeb bin ash-Shaheed, Al-Hasan bin al-Hakam al-Nakha’ee, Husayn bin Zakwaan al-Mu’allam, Hammaad bin Zayd, Zaa’idah bin Qudaamah, Zakariyyah bin Abi Zaa’idah, Sa’eed bin Abi Aroobah, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Sufyaan bin Uyaynah, Sulemaan al-A’mash, Shareek bin Abdullah al-Nakha’ee, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Umar bin Ali bin Abi Taalib, Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi az-Zinaad, Abdur Razzaaq bin Hammaam as-Sana’aani, Abdul Azeez bin Umar bin Abdul Azeez, Abdul Malik bin Jurayj, Uthmaan bin Ghiyaath, Abu Sinaan Eesaa bin Sinaan, Mis’ar bin Kidaam, Hishaam bin Hassaan, Hishaam bin Urwah, Waleed bin Katheer, Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak and others.

Students: Ibraaheem bin Sa’eed al-Johari, Ahmed bin Ibraaheem ad-Dauraqi, Ahmed bin Sinaan al-Qattaan al-Waasiti, Ahmed bin Muhammad bin Hanbal, Ishaaq bin Rahwayh, Ishaaq bin Mansoor al-Kausaj, Zakariyyah bin Yahya al-Balkhi, Abu Khaythamah Zuhayr bin Harb, Sa’eed bin Sulemaan al-Waasiti, Sufyaan bin Wakee’ bin al-Jarraah, Abdullah bin al-Jarraah, Abdullah bin az-Zubayr al-Humaydee, Abu Sa’eed al-Ashaj, Abu Bakr Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abi Shaybah, Abdullah bin Muhammad al-Musnadi, Abdur Rahmaan bin Ibraaheem Duhaym, Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi, Uthmaan bin Muhammad bin Abi Shaybah, Ali bin al-Madeeni, Qutaybah bin Sa’eed, Muhammad bin Idrees ash-Shaafi’ee, Muhammad bin Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak, Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Numayr, Yahya bin Ma’een, Ya’qoob bin Ibraaheem ad-Dauraqi and others.

Status: Thiqah Thabat, and he is not a Mudallis

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Muhammad bin Sa’d (D. 230) said:

وَكَانَ ثِقَةً مَأْمُونًا كَثِيرَ الْحَدِيثِ, يُدَلِّسُ وَيبَيَّنَ تَدْلِيسُهُ وَكَانَ صَاحِبَ سُنَّةٍ وَجَمَاعَةٍ
“He was Thiqah Ma’moon Katheer ul-Hadeeth, he commits Tadlees and he has showed/clarified his tadlees, and he was a man of Sunnah and Jama’ah”
[ Tabaqaat al-Kubra by Ibn Sa'd (6/394-395)]

Note: The discussion on his Tadlees is coming ahead, in-shaa-Allaah.

2-    Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een (D. 233) was asked who is more beloved to you Abu Usaamah or Abu Abdah, so he said:

ما منهما إلا ثقة
“There is nothing in both of them except reliability”
[ Taareekh Ibn Ma'een, narrated by ad-Daarimi (# 242)]

3-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal (D. 241) said:

كان ثبتًا لا يكاد يخطىء
“He was Thabat and he hardly ever made mistakes”
[ Al-Ilal wa Ma'rifat ur-Rijaal by Ahmed, narrated by Abdullah (745)]

At another place, his son Abdullah asked him about Abu Usaamah and Abu Aasim as to which of them is more Thabat in Hadeeth? So he replied:

أبو أسامة أثبت من مئه مثل أبي عاصم... كان أبو أسامة ثبتًا صحيح الكتاب
“Abu Usaamah is hundred times more Thabat than the likes of Abu Aasim…. Abu Usaamah was Thabat (&) Saheeh ul-Kitaab”
[Al-Ilal (772 & 5980)]

Imaam Ahmed said that Abu Usaamah said:

كتبت بيدي مئة ألف حديث
“I have written hundred thousand narrations with my hands”
[Al-Ilal (5397)]

4-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari (D. 256) narrated and took evidence from him in his Saheeh.

5-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee (D. 261) said:

ثقة، وكان يعد من حكماء أصحاب الحديث
“He was Thiqah and he was counted among the elders of the people of Hadeeth (i.e. Ahl al-Hadeeth)”
[ Ath-Thiqaat by al-Ijlee (1/130)]

6-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj al-Neesaaboori (D. 261) narrated and took evidence from him in his Saheeh

7-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) narrated from him in his Saheeh

8-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) narrated from him in his Saheeh, and he mentioned him in his Kitaab ath-Thiqaat (# 7453)

9-    Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 327) said:

حَمَّادِ بنِ أُسَامةَ الكُوفيِّ أحدِ الثقاتِ
“Hammaad bin Usaamah al-Koofi is one of the Thiqah narrators”
[ Al-Ilal by Ibn Abi Haatim (1/55)]

10-          Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori (D. 405) authenticated his narrations saying:

هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحٌ عَلَى شَرْطِ الشَّيْخَيْنِ
“This hadeeth is Saheeh upon the conditions of Shaykhayn”
[ Al-Mustadrak Ala as-Saheehayn by al-Haakim (H. 1408, 1280, 4402)]

11-          Imaam Abu al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni (D. 385) said:

ثقة
“Thiqah”
[ Al-Ilal by Ad-Daaraqutni]

At another place, he said:

ثقة حافظ
“Thiqah Haafidh”
[Al-Ilal with reference to Mawsoo’ah Aqwaal ad-Daaraqutni (1/225)]

12-          Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

الحَافِظُ، الثَّبْتُ
“Al-Haafidh ath-Thabat”
[ Siyar A’laam al-Nabula (9/277)]

13-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said:

ثقة ثبت
“Thiqah Thabat”
[ Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb]

And many others have declared Thiqah! In fact there is consensus on his Thaqaahat and Faqaahat.

Those who criticized him:

After the Tawtheeq of Jumhoor, the Jarh of Sufyaan bin Wakee’ (Weak) and Abu al-Fath al-Azdi (Weak) etc is not harmful.

Hammaad bin Usaamah and Tadlees

1-    Abu al-Fath al-Azdi narrated from Al-Mu’eeti that he said:

كان كثير التدليس ثم بعد تركه
“He was Katheer ut-Tadlees then he abandoned it”
[Al-Mudalliseen by Ibn al-Iraaqi (1/46), Tabaqaat al-Mudalliseen by Ibn Hajar (1/30), etc]

Note: This saying is weak as Abu al-Fath al-Azdi is weak and accused of fabricating hadeeth.

2-    Imaam Ibn Sa’d said:

وَكَانَ ثِقَةً مَأْمُونًا كَثِيرَ الْحَدِيثِ, يُدَلِّسُ وَيبَيَّنَ تَدْلِيسُهُ وَكَانَ صَاحِبَ سُنَّةٍ وَجَمَاعَةٍ
“He was Thiqah Ma’moon Katheer ul-Hadeeth, he commits Tadlees and he has showed/clarified his tadlees, and he was a man of Sunnah and Jama’ah”
[ Tabaqaat al-Kubra by Ibn Sa'd (6/394-395)]

Note: There is nothing proven about his Tadlees other than this saying of Ibn Sa’d and this saying of Ibn Sa’d proves that his ‘An’ana is mahmoolah ala as-samaa and that he is not a Mudallis because the one whose tadlees is shown (as to whom he did the tadlees from) then it is not said about him that he is a Mudallis, therefore, he is free from Tadlees.
[See, Fath al-Mubeen by Shaykh Zubayr Ali Za’ee (P. 38)]

Conclusion:


Imaam Hammaad bin Usaamah is Thiqah Thabat Faqeeh.

2 comments:

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