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Monday, July 8, 2013

Alqamah bin Waqqaas al-Laythi


Name:

علقمة بن وقاص بن محصن الليثى العتوارى المدنى ، أبو يحيى ( و قيل غير ذلك فى كنيته )

Alqamah bin Waqqaas bin Mihsan al-Laythi al-Utwaari al-Madani, Abu Yahya (and other than this is also said about his Kunyah)

Imaam Ibn Sa’d mentions his lineage as follows:

عَلْقَمَةُ بْنُ وَقَّاصِ بْنِ مِحْصَنِ بْنِ كَلَدَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ يَالِيلَ بْنِ طَرِيفِ بْنِ عُتْوَارَةَ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ لَيْثِ بْنِ بَكْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ مَنَاةَ بْنِ كِنَانَةَ

Alqamah bin Waqqaas bin Mihsan bin Kaladah bin Abd Yaalayl bin Tareef bin Utwaarah bin Aamir bin Layth bin Bakr bin Abd Manaat bin Kinaanah
[Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d (5/60)]

Tabaqah: 2 - From the Major Taabi'een

Death: During the caliphate of Abdul Malik bin Marwaan (between 71-80 H) in Madeenah.

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari Muslim Abu Dawood Tirmidhi Nasaa'ee Ibn Maajah

Teachers: 'Umar ibn al-Khattaab, Abdullah bin Umar, Mu'aawiyah bin Abu Sufyaan, 'Amr bin al-'Aas, 'Aisha bint Abi Bakr, Bilaal bin al-Haarith al-Muzani, Abdullah bin Abbaas, Raafi al-Madani, and others

Students: 'Abdullah bin 'Alqamah, 'Amr bin 'Alqamah bin Waqqaas, al-Zuhri, Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin al-Haarith, 'Amr bin Yahya bin 'Ammaarah, Yahya bin al-Nadr al-Ansaari, 'Abdullah bin 'Ubaydullah b. Abi Mulaykah, Moosa bin Uqbah bin Abi Ayyaash and others.

Status: Thiqah Thabat

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Muhammad bin Sa’d (D. 230) said:

وكان ثقة قليل الحديث
“He was Thiqah and had less number of narrations”
[ Tabaqaat al-Kubra by Ibn Sa'd (5/44)]

2-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari (D. 256) narrated from him at 20 places in his Saheeh (including the repetitions)

3-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj al-Neesaaboori (D. 261) narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, H. 1741, 5036]

4-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee (D. 261) said:

مدني تابعي ثقة
“Madani, Taabi’ee, Thiqah”
[ Ath-Thiqaat by al-Ijlee (P. 39)]

5-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, H. 142, 143, 455]

6-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) narrated from him in his Saheeh (H. 280, 388, 389, 4868) and he also mentioned him in ath-Thiqaat (4560)

7-    Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori (D. 405) authenticated his hadeeth in al-Mustadrak (H. 136)

8-    Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

ثقة
“Thiqah”
[ Al-Kaashif by Dhahabi (2/35 T. 3877)]

9-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said:

ثقة ثبت
“Thiqah Thabat”
[ Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajar (4685)]

Those who criticized him:

None

Was Alqamah a Sahaabi?

There is a difference of opinion among some of the later Scholars whether he was a Companion or not.

1-    Al-Waaqidi said that he was born during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him)!

It is known that Waaqidi was a Liar and there is no chain of this saying reaching up to him also. Even if it is proven still being born in his era does not make him a Sahaabi.

2-    Ibn Mandah narrated from Khaythamah bin Sulemaan, from Yahya bin Ja’far, from Yazeed bin Haaroon, from Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah, from his Father, from his grandfather (Alqamah bin Waqqaas) that he said: “I witnessed the battle of Khandaq with the Prophet (peace be upon him)”
[Al-Isaabah (6265)]

Imaam Abu Nu’aym said: “This is a Mistake”
[Same]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “If this narration is proven then he would become a Sahaabi however all the A’immah have put him in the Tabaqah of Taabi’een”
[Same]

Similarly, Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “Whoever claimed that he was a Companion has mistaken”
[Taqreeb (4685)]

Conclusion:


Alqamah bin Waqqaas is unanimously agreed upon to be Thiqah.

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