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Wednesday, July 17, 2013

Uqayl bin Khaalid bin Aqeel al-Aylee



Name:

عقيل بن خالد بن عقيل الأيلي، أبو خالد الأُمَوِي، مولى عثمان بْن عفان

Uqayl bin Khaalid bin Aqeel al-Aylee, Abu Khaalid al-Umawi, Mawla Uthmaan bin Affaan

Tabaqah: 6 - From the contemporaries of Minor Taabi'een

Death: 144 H in Egypt

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari Muslim Abu Dawood Tirmidhi Nasaa'ee Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Khaalid bin Aqeel (His Father), Ziyaad bin Aqeel (His Uncle), Abaan bin Saalih, Zayd bin Aslam, Saalim bin Abdullah bin Umar, Naafi' Mawla Ibn Umar, 'Ikrimah Mawla Ibn Abbaas, Amr bin Shu’ayb, Qaasim bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr as-Siddeeq, Muhammad bin Ishaaq bin Yasaar, al-Hasan al-Basri, Sa'eed bin Abi Sa’eed al-Maqburi, Sa'eed bin Sulemaan bin Zayd bin Thaabit, Salamah bin Kuhayl al-Hadrami, Iraak bin Maalik, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Muhammad bin Ka’b bin Maalik, al-Mugheerah bin Hakeem, Hishaam bin Urwah, Yahya bin Abi Katheer, Rabee’ah bin Abi Abdur Rahmaan, Muhammad bin Ali bin Abdullah bin Abbaas al-Qurashi al-Haashimi, and others

Students: Ibraaheem bin Uqayl bin Khaalid (His son), Jaabir bin Ismaa’eel al-Hadrami, Abu Jabalah Hayyaan bin Abdullah bin Jabalah, Khaarijah bin Mus’ab al-Khurasaani, Rishdayn bin Sa’d, Sa’eed bin Abi Ayyoob, Salaamah bin Rooh (The son of his brother), Dammaam bin Ismaa’eel, Abbaad bin Katheer ath-Thaqafi, Abdullah bin Lahee’ah, Al-Mufaddal bin Fadaalah, Naafi’ bin Yazeed, Yahya bin Ayyoob al-Misri, Yoonus bin Yazeed al-Aylee, Talhah bin Zayd al-Qurashi, Abdur Rahmaan bin Maysarah al-Hadrami, Al-Layth bin Sa’d al-Misri and others.

Status: Thiqah Thabat

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Yoonus bin Yazeed al-Aylee (D. 159) – the student of Zuhri said:

كان عقيل يصحب الزهري في سفره وحضره
“Uqayl accompanied Zuhri in Journey and in residence”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (7/43), Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Ziyaad bin Sa’d al-Khurasaani (the student of Zuhri) said:

كَانَ عقِيلَ يحفظ
“Uqayl was a Memorizer”
[ Taareekh al-Kabeer by al-Bukhaari (7/94), Chain Saheeh]

3-    Imaam Muhammad bin Sa’d (D. 230) said:

صاحب الزهري وكان ثقة
“He was the companion of Zuhri and was Thiqah”
[ Tabaqaat al-Kubra by Ibn Sa'd (7/360)]

4-    Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een (D. 233) said:

أثبت الناس في الزهري مالك بن أنس ومعمر ويونس وعقيل وشعيب بن ابى حمزة وسفيان بن عيينة
“The most accurate of people in narrating from Zuhri are: Maalik bin Anas, Ma’mar, Yoonus, Uqayl, Shu’ayb bin Abi Hamzah and Sufyaan bin Uyaynah”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (7/43), Chain Saheeh]

At another place, he said:

وعقيل ثقة نبيل الحديث عَن الزُّهْرِيّ
“Uqayl is Thiqah, noble in Hadeeth, in narrating from Zuhri”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by Ad-Daarimi (T. 21)]

At another place, he said:

أثبت من روى عن الزُّهْرِيّ: مالك، ثم معمر، ثم عقيل، ثم يونس، ثم شعيب، والأَوزاعِيّ، والزبيدي، وسفيان بن عُيَيْنَة، وكل هؤلاء ثقات
“The most accurate of those who narrated from Zuhri are: Maalik then Ma’mar, then Uqayl, then Yoonus, then Shu’ayb, al-Awzaa’ee, az-Zubaydee, and Sufyaan bin Uyaynah – and all these people are Thiqah”
[Su’aalaat Ibn al-Junayd (P. 11)]

5-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal (D. 241) said:

عقيل ثقة
“Uqayl is Thiqah”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (7/43), Chain Saheeh]

At another place, he said:

صالح الحديث، روايته مثل رواية أصحابه، لا بأس به
“He is Saalih al-Hadeeth, his narrations are like the narrations of his companions; there is nothing wrong in him”
[Su’aalaat al-Maymooni (373)]

6-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari (D. 256) narrated numerous narrations from him in his Saheeh

7-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj al-Neesaaboori (D. 261) narrated several narrations from him in his Saheeh

8-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee (D. 261) said:

ثقة
“He is Thiqah”
[ Ath-Thiqaat by al-Ijlee (1/338)]

9-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi (D. 264) was asked about him, so he said:

ثقة صدوق
“He is Thiqah Sadooq”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (7/43)]

10-          Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 275) was asked as to who is more beloved to you: Uqayl or Yoonus? He replied:

عقيل احب إلى من يونس وعقيل لا بأس به
“Uqayl is more beloved to me, and there is nothing wrong in Uqayl”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (7/43)]

Imaam Abu Haatim was also asked, Is Uqayl more beloved to you (in narrating from Zuhri) or Ma’mar? He replied:

عقيل اثبت كان صاحب كتاب وكان الزهري يكون بايلة وللزهرى هناك ضيعة فكان يكتب عنه هناك
“Uqayl is more Thabat as he possessed a book. And az-Zuhri used to reside in Aylah as he had a property there, so he (Uqayl) would write from him there”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (7/43)]

11-          Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, H. 146, 969]

12-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) narrated several narrations from him in his Saheeh
[See, H. 745, 1456, 1592, 6607 etc]

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan also mentioned him in Ath-Thiqaat (7/305)

13-          Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori (D. 405) authenticated many of his narrations saying:

«هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجَاهُ»
“The chain of this hadeeth is Saheeh, and it is not narrated by them”
[ Al-Mustadrak Ala as-Saheehayn by al-Haakim (H. 2031, 3144, 4115, 5274, 8690)]

14-          Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

كان حافطاً ثبتاً حجة
“He was Haafidh Thabat Hujjah”
[ Al-Abar (1/152)]

At another place, he said:

كان إِمَامًا حَافِظًا ثَبْتًا ثِقَةً
“He is an Imaam Haafidh Thabat Thiqah”
[Taareekh al-Islaam by Dhahabi (9/223)]

At another place, he said:

حافظ صاحب كتاب
“He was a Haafidh and the possessor of book”
[Al-Kaashif (2/32)]

At another place, he said:

الحافظ الحجة
“He is a preserver and a Hujjah”
[Tadhkirat al-Huffaadh (1/121)]

At another place, he said:

الحَافِظُ، الإِمَامُ
“A preserver and an Imaam”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula (6/301)]

At another place, he said:

أحد الاثبات... ثبت حجة
“One of the Thabat narrators…. Thabat Hujjah”
[Meezaan al-I’tidaal (3/89)]

15-          Haafidh Khaleel bin Aybak as-Safdi (D. 764) – the Student of Dhahabi said:

كانَ إِمَامًا حَافِظًا ثبتا ثِقَة لَازم الزُّهْرِيّ سفرا وحضرا
“He was an Imaam Haafidh Thabat Thiqah, he firmly abode be Zuhri in travel as well as in residence”
[ Al-Waafi Bil-Wafiyaat (20/64)]

16-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said:

ثقة ثبت
“He is Thiqah Thabat”
[ Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajar (4665)]

Those who criticized him:

1-    According to Imaam Ahmed, Imaam Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan has placed an implicit ruling of weakness on Uqayl.
[See, Al-Ilal (49, 360)]

This ruling is, first of all, not clear.
Secondly, it’s against the Jumhoor.

Conclusion:


Uqayl bin Khaalid bin Aqeel is unanimously agreed upon to be Thiqah Thabat.

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