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Friday, July 12, 2013

Yahya bin Abdullah bin Bukayr al-Qurashi


Name:

يَحْيَى بن عَبد اللَّهِ بن بُكَيْر القرشي الْمَخْزُومِيّ، أَبُو زكريا المِصْرِي، مولى بني مخزوم

Yahya bin Abdullah bin Bukayr al-Qurashi al-Makhzoomi, Abu Zakariyyah al-Misri, Mawla Bani Makhzoom

Tabaqah: 10 - From Major level of those who narrated from Taba Taabi'een

Birth: 154 H

Death: 231 H

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari Muslim Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Imam Maalik bin Anas, Bakr bin Mudar, Layth bin Sa’d, Shu’ayb bin al-Layth bin Sa’d, Damrah bin Rabee’ah, Abdullah bin as-Samh at-Tajeemi, Abdullah bin Suwayd al-Misri, Abdullah bin Lahee’ah, Abdullah bin Wahb, Abdul Azeez bin Abi Haazim, Abdul Azeez bin Abdullah bin Abi Salamah, Abdul Azeez bin Muhammad ad-Daraawardi, Amr bin Yazeed al-Faarsi, Ghawth bin Sulemaan al-Qaadhi, Mugheerah bin Abdur Rahmaan al-Hizaami, Mufaddal bin Fadaalah, Yahya bin Saalih al-Aylee, Ya’qoob bin Abdur Rahmaan al-Qaari and others.

Students: Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari, Baqi bin Makhlad al-Andalusi, Abu Ali al-Hasan bin al-Faraj al-Azdi (he narrated the Muwatta from him), Abdur Rahmaan bin Ibraaheem Duhaym ad-Dimashqi, Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi, Abu Haatim ar-Raazi, Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Numayr, Muhammad bin Yahya adh-Dhuhali, Yahya bin Ma’een, Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Faarsi, and others.

Status: Thiqah

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari (D. 256) took evidence from him in more than 100 narrations in his Saheeh.

2-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj al-Neesaaboori (D. 261) took evidence from him in his Saheeh

3-    Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Fasawi (D. 277) said:

ثِقَةٌ
“He is Thiqah”
[ Al-Ma'rifah wal Taareekh by Ya'qoob bin Sufyaan (1/347)]

4-    Imaam Zakariyyah bin Yahya as-Saaji (D. 307) said in his book:

هو صدوق، روى عن الليث فأكثر
“He is Sadooq; he narrated from Layth and was abundant i.e. in narrating from him”
[ Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (11/238), Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal (12/336)]

5-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, H. 163, 1157, 1434 etc]

6-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, H. 750 etc]

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan also mentioned him in ath-Thiqaat (9/262 T. 16333)

7-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni (D. 385) said:

ما عندي به بأس
“There is nothing wrong in him according to me”
[ Su’aalaat Abi Abdullah bin Bukayr lil Imaam Abi al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni (1/96)]

8-    Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori (D. 405) authenticated several of his narrations in al-Mustadrak
[E.g. See H. 810, 886, 1937 etc]

9-    Imaam Abu Ya’la al-Khaleeli (D. 446) said:

ثِقَةٌ
“Thiqah”
[ Al-Irshaad by al-Khaleeli (1/262)]

10-          Imaam Abu al-Waleed al-Baaji (D. 474) said in his book Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel that:

تكلم أهل الحديث في سماعه الموطأ من مالك بن أنس، سمعه بقراءة حبيب كاتب مالك وهو ثبت في الليث
“The Ahl al-Hadeeth have criticized his samaa of Al-Muwatta from Maalik bin Anas, he heard it through recitation from Habeeb the scribe of Maalik, and he is Thabat in narrating from Layth”
[ Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal (12/335)]

11-          Haafidh Ibn Naasir ud-Deen al-Hanbali said:

هو صاحب مالك والليث، ثقة، وإن كان أبو حاتم والنسائي تكلما فيه، فقد احتج البخاريّ ومسلم في «صحيحهما» بما يرويه
“He is the companion of Maalik and Layth, he is Thiqah. And even if Abu Haatim and Nasaa’ee criticized him, then indeed Al-Bukhaari and Muslim have taken evidence from him in what they narrated in their Saheehayn”
[ Shadhraat adh-Dhahab (3/143)]

12-          Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

كان صدوقا واسع العلم مفتيا
“He was truthful, vast in knowledge and a Mufti”
[ Al-Kaashif by Dhahabi (2/369)]

At another place, he said:

ثِقَة حَافظ
“Thiqah Haafidh”
[Al-Mughni (2/739)]

At another place, he said:

الإِمَامُ، المُحَدِّثُ، الحَافِظُ، الصَّدُوْقُ... كَانَ غَزِيْرَ العِلْمِ، عَارِفاً بِالحَدِيْثِ، وَأَيَّامِ النَّاسِ، بَصِيْراً بِالفَتْوَى، صَادِقاً، دَيِّناً، وَمَا أَدْرِي مَا لاَحَ لِلنَّسَائِيِّ مِنْهُ حَتَّى ضَعَّفَهُ, وَقَالَ مَرَّةً: لَيْسَ بِثِقَةٍ. وَهَذَا جَرْحٌ مَرْدُوْدٌ فَقَدْ احْتَجَّ بِهِ الشَّيْخَانِ, وَمَا عَلِمتُ لَهُ حَدِيْثاً مُنْكَراً حَتَّى أُورِدَهُ
“He is al-Imaam al-Muhaddith al-Haafidh al-Sadooq… He had excessive knowledge, he was well aware of the Hadeeth and the histories of people, he was insightful in Fatwa, he was truthful, and devout. I do not know what al-Nasaa’ee saw in him that he weakened him, and in another place, he said: ‘He is not Thiqah’; this Jarh is rejected for certainly Shaykhayn have taken evidence from him, and I do not know of any Munkar hadeeth from him until he was brought (in narrations)”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula (9/29)]

Imaam Dhahabi also mentioned him in Man Takallama Feehi Wahuwa Mawthaq (1/197)

13-          It is said that Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee al-Jarjaani (D. 365) said:

كان جار الليث بن سعد وهو أثبت الناس فيه، وعنده عن الليث ما ليس عند أحد
“He was the neighbor of Layth bin Sa’d and he was the most Thabat of people in (narrating from) him, he had such narrations from Layth which no other narrator had.”
[ Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajar (11/238, Fath al-Baari (1/452)]

14-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said:

ثقة في الليث وتكلموا في سماعه من مالك
“He was Thiqah in (narrating from) Layth and they criticized him in his samaa from Maalik”
[ Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajar (7580)]

Ibn Hajar also said:

وَقَالَ البُخَارِيّ فِي تَارِيخه الصَّغِير مَا روى يحيى بن بكير عَن أهل الْحجاز فِي التَّارِيخ فَإِنِّي أتقيه قلت فَهَذَا يدلك على أَنه ينتقى حَدِيث شُيُوخه وَلِهَذَا مَا أخرج عَنهُ عَن مَالك سوى خَمْسَة أَحَادِيث مَشْهُورَة مُتَابعَة
“Al-Bukhaari said in his Taareekh as-Sagheer that whatever Yahya bin Bukayr narrated from the people of Hijaaz in Al-Taareekh, indeed I have abstained from it. I (Ibn Hajar) say that this denotes that he (i.e. Bukhaari) would choose from the narrations of his Shuyookh and that is why, whatever is narrated from him from Maalik, all five narrations, are famous and supported”
[Fath al-Baari (1/452)]

15-          Allaamah Al-Khazraji (D. after 923) said:

وَثَّقَهُ ابْن حبَان فَأصَاب
“Ibn Hibbaan declared him Thiqah and he was correct”
[ Khulaasah Tadh-heeb by Al-Khazraji (1/425)]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een (D. 233) said:

ليس بشيء
“He is nothing”
[ Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb (11/238), Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal (12/336)]

2-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 275) said:

يكتب حديثه ولا يحتج به، كان يفهم هذا الشأن
“Write his narration and do not take evidence from him, he had the understanding of this field”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (9/165)]

3-    Imaam Al-Nasaa’ee (D. 303) said:

ضَعِيف
“Da’eef”
[ Ad-Du'afa wal Matrokeen by al-Nasaa'ee (1/107)]

4-    Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee (D. 597) mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[ 3/198]

Conclusion:

Yahya bin Bukayr is Thiqah and only his samaa from Maalik bin Anas is criticized.


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