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Tuesday, December 24, 2013

Sayf bin Umar at-Tameemi al-Koofi




Name:

سيف بن عمر التميمى البرجمى ، و يقال السعدى ، و يقال الضبى ، و يقال الأسيدى ، الكوفى ( صاحب كتاب " الردة و الفتوح " )

Sayf bin Umar at-Tameemi al-Burjumi, and it is said As-Sa’dee, and it is said Ad-Dabbi, and it is said Al-Usayyadee al-Koofi (Author of the books “Ar-Riddah” and “Al-Futooh”)

Tabaqah: 8 - From the middle level of Taba Taabi'een

Death: After 170 H in the rule of Rasheed

Narrated by: Tirmidhi

Teachers: Ismaa’eel bin Abi Khaalid, Ismaa’eel bin Muslim, Thaabit al-Azdi, Jaabir al-Ju’fi, Al-Hajjaaj bin Artaat, Dawood bin Abi Hind, Sa’eed bin Abi Aroobah, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Sulemaan al-A’mash, Abdul Malik bin Jurayj, Fudayl bin Ghazwaan, Muhammad bin Ishaaq bin Yasaar, Abu az-Zubayr al-Makki, Moosa bin Uqbah, Hishaam bin Urwah, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Ansaari, Amr bin Deenaar and others.

Students: Jabbaarah bin Mughallis al-Himmaani, Jumhoor bin Mansoor, Muhammad bin Eesa ibn at-Tabbaa’, Ya’qoob bin Ibraaheem bin Sa’d az-Zuhri and others.

Status: Da’eef, Matrook

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een (D. 233) said:

هو ضعيف
“He is Da’eef”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri (3/459), Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (4/278), Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee (2/175), Chains Saheeh]

At another place he was asked about him so he said:

فليس خير منه
“There is no good from him”
[ Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee (4/507), Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi (D. 264) said about him:

ضعيف الحديث
“Da’eef ul-Hadeeth”
[ Ad-Du’afa by Abu Zur’ah (2/320)]

3-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 275) said:

متروك الحديث، يشبه حديثه حديث الواقدي
“He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth; his hadeeth resembles the hadeeth of Al-Waaqidi (another Kadh-dhaab narrator)”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (4/278)]

4-    Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 327) said commenting on his hadeeth:

وسيف متروك الحديث فبطل الحديث
“And Sayf is Matrook in Hadeeth, hence this nullifies the hadeeth”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (7/136)]

5-    Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Fasawi (D. 277) said about him and another narrator:

سيف وسعد الإسكاف حديثهما وروايتهما ليس بشيء
“Sayf and Sa’d al-Iskaaf both, their hadeeth and their narrations are nothing”
[ Al-Ma’rifah wal Taareekh (3/58)]

6-    Imaam Abu Abdur Rahmaan an-Nasaa’ee (D. 303) said:

ضَعِيف
“Da’eef”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen by al-Nasaa’ee (P. 50)]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) said:

من أهل الْبَصْرَة أتهم بالزندقة... يَرْوِي الموضوعات عَن الْأَثْبَات
“He is from the people of Basrah; he is accused of heresy… He narrates fabricated narrations and attributes them to Thiqah narrators”
[ Al-Majroheen by Ibn Hibbaan (1/345)]

8-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni (D. 385) said:

متروك
“Matrook”
[ Su’aalaat al-Barqaani (200)]

And he also mentioned him in Kitaab ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen (1/13).

9-    Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee al-Jarjaani (D. 365) said:

بعض أحاديثه مشهورة وعامتها منكرة لم يتابع عليها، وهو إلى الضعف أقرب منه إلى الصدق
“Some of his narrations are famous and most of them are Munkar which are not supported, and he is closer to weakness than being Sadooq”
[ Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee (4/508)]

At another place, while talking about a narration, Imaam Ibn Adee said:

لم يروه عنه إلا سيف وعن سيف عبيد بن إسحاق وجميعا ضعاف
“No one narrates it from him except Sayf and from Sayf narrates Ubayd bin Ishaaq, and they both are Da’eef”
[Al-Kaamil (3/351)]

10-          Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee (D. 322) mentioned him in Ad-Du’afa and said:

لا يتابع عليه ولا على كثير من حديثه
“He is not supported, nor are most of his narrations”
[ Ad-Du'afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee (2/175)]

11-          Imaam Abu Hafs Umar bin Shaaheen (D. 385) mentioned him in Taareekh Asmaa ad-Du’afa wal Kadh-dhaabeen (1/100).

12-          Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori (D. 405) said:

اتهمَ بالزندقة وَهُوَ سَاقِط فِي رِوَايَة الحَدِيث
“He is accused of heresy and he is void in the narration of hadeeth”
[ Al-Madkhal Ila as-Saheeh (1/145)]

13-          Imaam Abu Nu’aym al-Asbahaani (D. 430) said:

مُتَّهم فِي دينه مرمي بالزندقة سَاقِط الحَدِيث لَا شَيْء
“He is accused in his religion, he is accused of heresy; he is null in hadeeth and he is nothing”
[ Ad-Du’afa by Abu Nu’aym al-Asbahaani (1/91 T. 95)]

14-          Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee (D. 597) mentioned him in Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen (2/35).

At another place, he said about him:

متهم بوضع الحديث
“He is accused of fabricating hadeeth”
[Al-Mawdoo’aat by Ibn al-Jawzee (1/223)]

15-          Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali (D. 795) said about one of his narrations:

وَهُوَ حَدِيْث باطل ، وسيف هَذَا مشهور بالكذب
“This hadeeth is Baatil as this Sayf is famous for lying”
[ Fath ul-Baari by Ibn Rajab (4/151)]

16-          Haafidh Noor ud-Deen al-Haythami (D. 807) said about one of his narrations:

وَفِيهِ سَيْفُ بْنُ عُمَرَ الْأَسَدِيُّ وَهُوَ مَتْرُوكٌ
“It contains Sayf bin Umar al-Asdi and he is Matrook”
[ Majma az-Zawaaid (8/98)]

17-          Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

له تواليف متروك باتفاق
“He has books, Matrook with consensus”
[ Al-Mughni (1/4)]

At another place, he said:

تركوه، واتهم بالزندقة
“They abandoned him, and accused him of heresy”
[Deewaan ad-Du’afa (1/183)]

18-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said:

ضعيف الحديث عمدة في التاريخ افحش بن حبان القول فيه
“He is Da’eef in Hadeeth, better in Taareekh; Ibn Hibbaan exceeded in his opinion about him”
[ Al-Taqreeb (1/179)]

Note: Saying that he is Umdah in Taareekh does not mean he is Thiqah in it, rather just better than in other narrations. And even in saying this, no one has followed Ibn Hajar. Hence the saying of Ibn Hajar alone is not acceptable.

Those who praised him:

None!

Conclusion:

Sayf bin Umar is Matrook and Da’eef according to the consensus of Muhadditheen.


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