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Friday, November 8, 2013

Ibraaheem bin Sa’d bin Ibraaheem az-Zuhri, Abu Ishaaq al-Madani




Name:

إبراهيم بن سعد بن إبراهيم بن عبد الرحمن بن عوف القرشى الزهرى ، أبو إسحاق المدنى

Ibraaheem bin Sa’d bin Ibraaheem bin Abdur Rahmaan bin Awf al-Qurashi az-Zuhri, Abu Ishaaq al-Madani

Tabaqah: 8 - From the middle level of Taba Taabi'een

Birth: 108 H

Death: 185 H

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa'ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: His Father Sa’d bin Ibraaheem, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Yazeed bin al-Haad, Waleed bin Katheer, Safwaan bin Sulaym, Saalih bin Kaysaan, Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Aqeel, Abdul Malik bin ar-Rabee’ bin Sabrah, Muhammad bin Ishaaq bin Yasaar, Muhammad bin Ikrimah al-Makhzoomi, and many others.

Students: His two sons Ya’qoob bin Ibraaheem and Sa’d bin Ibraaheem, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Layth bin Sa’d, Abu Dawood at-Tiyaalsi, Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi, Abdullah bin Wahb, Yahya bin Aadam, Yazeed bin Haaroon, Muhammad bin as-Sabbaah ad-Dolaabi, Ahmed bin Hanbal, Mansoor bin Abi Muzaahim, Luwayn, Yasarah bin Safwaan, Yahya bin Qaza’ah, Ibraaheem bin Hamzah, Sulemaan bin Dawood al-Haashimi, Ismaa’eel bin Moosa al-Fazaari, Ya’qoob bin Humayd bin Kaasib, Ya’qoob bin Muhammad az-Zuhri, and many others

Status: Thiqah Hujjah

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Ameer ul-Mu'mineen fil Hadeeth, Imaam   Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj (D. 160) has narrated from Ibraaheem bin Sa’d az-Zuhri, and Imaam Shu’bah is among those who do not narrate except from the one who is Thiqah according to him.

Imaam Dhahabi said: “The teachers of Shu’bah are Jayyaad”
[Meezaan: 4504]

While discussing a narrator, Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: the narration of Shu’bah from him is his Tawtheeq”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 5161]”

2-    Imaam Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi (D. 198) narrated from him and he also does not narrate except from the Thiqah according to him.

Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal (the student of Ibn Mahdi) said while talking about a narrator:

أبان بن خالد شيخ بصري لا بأس به كان عبد الرحمن يحدث عنه، وكان لا يحدث إلا عن ثقة
“Abaan bin Khaalid Shaykh Basri, there is nothing wrong in him, Abdur Rahmaan used to narrate from him, and he did not narrate except from the Thiqah (according to him)”
[Su’alaat Abu Dawood lil Imaam Ahmed (P. 338-339)]

3-    Imaam Muhammad bin Sa’d Kaatib al-Waaqidi (D. 230) said:

كَانَ ثِقَةً كَثِيرَ الْحَدِيثِ، وَرُبَّمَا أَخْطَأَ فِي الْحَدِيثِ
“He was Thiqah Katheer ul-Hadeeth, and he sometimes make mistake in hadeeth”
[ Tabaqaat al-Kubra by Ibn Sa'd (7/322)]

4-    Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een (D. 233) said:

ثقةٌ حجةٌ
“Thiqah Hujjah”
[ Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee (1/401), Chain Hasan]

At another place, he said:

ليس به بَأسٌ في الزُّهري
“There is nothing wrong in his narration from Zuhri”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een by Ad-Dauri (945)]

For more sayings of Imaam Ibn Ma’een on this narrator, see Mawsoo’ah Aqwaal Yahya bin Ma’een (1/148-149).

5-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal (D. 241) said:

ثقة
“Thiqah”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel (2/283), Chain Saheeh]

At another place, he said:

أحاديثه مستقيمة
“His narrations are Mustaqeem”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel (2/283), Chain Saheeh]

Imaam Abu Dawood narrates:

سمعت أحمد قال: كان وكيع كف عن حديث إبراهيم بن سعد ثم حدث عنه بعد قلت: لم؟ قال: لا أدري، إبراهيم ثقه. سمعت أحمد قال: إبراهيم بن سعد صحيح الحديث عن ابن إسحاق
“I heard Ahmed saying: Wakee’ used to abstain from the hadeeth of Ibraaheem bin Sa’d (but) later he started narrating from him. I asked, why? He replied: I don’t know; Ibraaheem is Thiqah. I heard Ahmed saying: Ibraaheem bin Sa’d is Saheeh ul-Hadeeth in narrating from Ibn Ishaaq”
[ Su'aalaat Abi Dawood lil Imaam Ahmed (202)]


6-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari (D. 256) narrated from him in his Saheeh.

7-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj al-Neesaaboori (D. 261) narrated from him in his Saheeh.

8-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee (D. 261) said:

ثقة
“Thiqah”
[ Ath-Thiqaat by al-Ijlee (1/52)]

9-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 275) said:

ثقة
“Thiqah”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (2/102)]

10-          Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) narrated from him in his Saheeh.

11-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) mentioned him in his book of Thiqaat (1/2) and he also narrated from him in his Saheeh

12-          Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori (D. 405) authenticated several of his narrations in al-Mustadrak Ala as-Saheehayn.

13-          Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee al-Jarjaani (D. 365) said:

ولإبراهيم بن سعد أحاديث صالحة مستقيمة، عن الزهري وعن غيره، ولم يتخلف أحد عن الكتابة عنه بالكوفة والبصرة وبغداد، وهو من ثقات المسلمين
“And Ibraaheem bin Sa’d has Saalih Mustaqeem narrations from Zuhri and from others. No one has disputed on writing from him in Koofah, Basrah, and Baghdaad, and he is among the Thiqah Muslims”
[ Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee (1/404)]

14-          Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

إبراهيم بن سعد ثقة
“Ibraaheem bin Sa’d is Thiqah”
[ Meezaan al-I’tidaal (1/33-34)]

At another place, he said:

وَكَانَ ثِقَةً صَدُوقاً، صَاحِبَ حَدِيْثٍ
“He was Thiqah Sadooq, a man of Hadeeth”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula (8/305)]

At another place, he said:

وَكَانَ مِنَ الْعُلَمَاءِ الثِّقَاتِ
“And he was among the Thiqah Scholars”
[Taareekh al-Islaam (4/796)]

And that is why, he also mentioned him in his small book named “Man Takallam Feehi Wahuwa Mawthaq” (1/31) and mentioned that although he is Thiqah but he is not that precise in narrating from Zuhri as other of his Kibaar Students.

15-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said:

ثقة حجة تكلم فيه بلا قادح
“He is Thiqah Hujjah; he is criticized without any harm”
[ Taqreeb (177)]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said, we mentioned a hadeeth of Uqayl to ( Imaam) Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan (D. 198) so he said to me:

يا أبا عبد الله، عقيل وإبراهيم بن سعد!! عقيل وإبراهيم بن سعد!! كأنه يضعفهما
“O Abu Abdullah, Uqayl and Ibraaheem bin Sa’d!! Uqayl and Ibraaheem bin Sa’d!! as if he weakened them”
[ Al-Ilal wa Ma'rifat ur-Rijaal by Ahmed, narrated by Abdullah (282, 2475, 3422)]

However, this saying does not denote his Tad’eef! Moreover, it is known that Imaam Yahya al-Qattaan was among the Muta’annit Naaqideen, which is why Imaam Dhahabi says in Meezaan al-I’tidaal:

يحيى بن سعيد القطان متعنِّتٌ جداً في الرجال
“Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan was severely Muta’annit towards the Rijaal”
[3/247]

Therefore, even if it is a Jarh, his Jarh is not acceptable without an explanation.

2-    Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee (D. 322) mentioned him in his book of Du’afa (1/60).

Imaam Al-Ukaylee is also among the Mutashaddideen and therefore his Jarh is not accepted as well without an explanation. Dhahabi ul-Asr, Allaamah Abdur Rahmaan bin Yahya al-Mu’allami al-Yamaani said:

قد كان في العقيلي تشدد
“Indeed Ukaylee had Tashaddud in him”
[Al-Tankeel (2/700)]

Conclusion:

Ibraaheem bin Sa’d is Thiqah Hujjah.

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