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Wednesday, November 6, 2013

Muhammad bin Ya’qoob bin Yoosuf al-Ma’qali, ash-Shaybaani, al-Amwi, al-Neesaaboori




Name:

محمد بن يعقوب بن يوسف بن معقل بن سنان بن عبد الله أبو العباس المعقلي الشيباني النيسابوري الأصم

Muhammad bin Ya’qoob bin Yoosuf bin Ma’qal bin Sinaan bin Abdullah Abu al-Abbaas al-Ma’qali ash-Shaybaani al-Neesaaboori al-Asam

Tabaqah: 14

Birth: 247 H

Death: 346 H

Teachers: Ahmed bin Yoosuf as-Sulami, Ahmed bin al-Azhar, Haaroon bin Sulemaan, Usayd bin Aasim, Ahmed bin Shaybaan ar-Ramli, Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Abd al-Hakam, Bakkaar bin Qutaybah, Rabee’ bin Sulemaan, Bahr bin Nasr, Ibraaheem bin Munqiz, Ahmed bin al-Fadl as-Saa’igh, Al-Abbaas bin al-Waleed, Yazeed bin Abd us-Samad, Muhammad bin Awf, Muhammad bin Ali bin Maymoon, Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Affaan, Sa’eed bin Muhammad al-Hajwaani, Ahmed bin Abdul Jabbaar al-‘Utaaridi, Ahmed bin Abi Gharzah al-Ghifaari, Muhammad bin Ishaaq as-Saaghaani, Abbaas bin Muhammad ad-Dauri, Muhammad bin Ubaydullah Ibn al-Munaadi, Yahya bin Ja’far, Hanbal bin Ishaaq, and others.

Students: Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ya’qoob al-Akhram, Abu Bakr bin Ishaaq, Yahya al-Anbari, Abdullah bin Sa’d, Abu al-Waleed Hassaan bin Muhammad, Abu Ali al-Haafidh, Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhaab ath-Thaqafi, Imaam al-Haakim, Abu Abdullah Ibn Mandah, Abu Abdur Rahmaan as-Sulami, Abu Bakr al-Hayri, Abu Sa’eed as-Sairfi, Abu Saadiq Muhammad bin Ahmed bin Abi al-Fawaaris al-Attaar, Yahya bin Ibraaheem al-Muzakki, Muhammad bin Ibraaheem al-Jarjaani, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Rajaa, Abdur Rahmaan bin Muhammad bin Baaluwayh, Ibn Mahmish al-Faqeeh, Abu Zayd Abdur Rahmaan bin Muhammad bin Ahmed bin Habeeb al-Qaadhi, Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Baaluwayh, Al-Husayn bin Abdaan at-Taajir, Abu al-Qaasim Abdur Rahmaan as-Sirraaj, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ahmed an-Nauqaani, Abu Nasr Muhammad bin Ali al-Faqeeh, Ahmed bin Muhammad ash-Shaaziyaakhi, Abu Sa’d Ahmed bin Muhammad bin Muzaahim as-Saffaar, Ibraaheem bin Muhammad at-Tausi al-Faqeeh, Ishaaq bin Muhammad as-Sausi, Abdullah bin Yoosuf al-Asbahaani, Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi Haamid al-Muqri, Ahmed bin Abdullah al-Mihrjaani, Abu Nasr Ahmed bin Muhammad al-Baaluwee, Abdur Rahmaan bin Abdullah bin Sakhtuwayh, Ali bin Muhammad at-Tarraazi, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Ali bin Hayd, Ahmed bin Muhammad bin al-Husayn as-Saleeti an-Nahwi, Al-Husayn bin Ahmed al-Mu’aadhi, Mansoor bin al-Husayn bin Muhammad al-Neesaaboori – Mansoor bin al-Husayn and Tarraazi both died in the same year and they both were the last ones to hear from him (i.e. al-Ma’qali); and Imaam Abu Nu’aym al-Asbahaani was the last person on earth to narrate from him through writing.

Status: Thiqah Haafidh

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) said:

ثقة
“Thiqah”
[ Taareekh Dimashq by Ibn Asaakir (56/292), Chain Hasan]

2-    Imaam Abu Nu’aym Abdul Malik bin Muhammad bin Adee (D. 323) said:

الثقة المأمون
“Thiqah Ma’moon”
[ Taareekh Dimashq by Ibn Asaakir (56/293), Chain Saheeh]

3-    Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori (D. 405) said:

هو محدث عصره بلا مدافعة حدث في الإسلام ستا وسبعين سنة وأذن سبعين سنة على الصلوات الخمس حسن الخلق سخي النفس لا يختلف في صدقه وثقته وصحة سماعاته
“He is the Muhaddith of his era unmatched…… there is no dispute in his truthfulness, his trustworthiness, and the authenticity of his samaa’s”
[ Taareekh of Haakim with reference from Al-Taqiyeed Li Ma’rifah Ruwaat as-Sunan wal Masaaneed by Ibn Nuqtah al-Hanbali (1/123) & Taareekh Dimashq by Ibn Asaakir (56/289), Chain Hasan]

4-    Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 327) said:

بلغنا أنه ثقة صدوق
“It has reached us that he is Thiqah Sadooq”
[ Taareekh Dimashq by Ibn Asaakir (56/293), Chain Hasan]

5-    Imaam Abu al-Waleed al-Baaji (D. 474) said:

ثقة مشهور
“Famous Thiqah”
[ Taareekh Dimashq by Ibn Asaakir (56/293), Chain Hasan]

6-    Imaam Ibn al-Atheer (D. 606) said:

أحد الثِّقَات المكثرين
“He is one of the Thiqah abundantly narrating narrators”
[ Al-Lubaab fi Tahdheeb al-Ansaab by Ibn al-Atheer (3/235)]

7-    Haafidh Ibn Katheer ad-Dimashqi (D. 774) said:

كان إماما، ثقة، حافظا، ضابطا، صدوقا، دينا
“He was an Imaam, Thiqah, Haafidh, Preserver, Truthful, and Devout”
[ Tabaqaat ash-Shaafi’yyeen (1/270)]

8-    Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

الإمام، المحدث، مسند العصر، رحلة الوقت
“Al-Imaam al-Muhaddith, Musnid al-Asr, Rihlat ul-Waqt”
[ Siyar A’laam al-Nabula (15/452)]

9-    Allaamah Jalaal ud-Deen as-Suyooti (D. 911) said:

الإمام المفيد الثقة محدث المشرق
“Al-Imaam al-Mufeed, Thiqah, Muhaddith of the east”
[ Tabaqaat ul-Huffaadh by Suyooti (1/150)]

Those who criticized him:

None

Conclusion:

Abu al-Abbaas Al-Asam is Thiqah by consensus

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