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Wednesday, November 6, 2013

Rabee’ bin Sulemaan bin Abdul Jabbaar al-Muraadi (The Companion of Imaam Shaafi’ee)




Name:

الربيع بن سليمان بن عبد الجبار بن كامل المرادى مولاهم ، أبو محمد المصرى المؤذن

Ar-Rabee’ bin Sulemaan bin Abdul Jabbaar bin Kaamil al-Muraadi, mawlaahum, Abu Muhammad al-Misri al-Mu’adhdhin

Tabaqah: 11 - From Middle Level of those who narrated from Taba Taabi'een

Birth: 174 H

Death: 270 H

Narrated by: Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa'ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Abdullah bin Wahb, Bishr bin Bakr at-Tinneesee, Ayyoob bin Suwayd ar-Ramli, Muhammad bin Idrees al-Muttalibi, Yahya bin Hassaan, Asad bin Moosa, Sa’eed bin Abi Maryam, Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee, Abu Saalih and many others.

Students: Abu Dawood, Ibn Maajah, Nasaa’ee, Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel as-Sulami, Abu Zur’ah, Abu Haatim, Zakariyyah as-Saaji, Saalih bin Muhammad, Ibn Abi Dawood, Ibn Saa’id, Abu Nu’aym Abdul Malik bin Adee, Abu Ja’far at-Tahaawi, Abu Bakr bin Ziyaad an-Neesaaboori, Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi Haatim, Muhammad bin Haaroon ar-Ru’yaani, Abu Awaanah al-Asfaraa’ini, Abu al-Hasan bin Josa, Abu Ali bin Habeeb al-Hasaairi, Eesaa bin Moosa al-Baladi, Ahmed bin Buhzaaz al-Faarsi, Abu al-Abbaas al-Asam, Ahmed bin Mas’ood al-Akari, Abu al-Fawaaris bin as-Saabooni, and many others.

Status: Thiqah Haafidh Faqeeh

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 275) said:

صدوق
“Truthful”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (3/464)]

2-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (D. 311) narrated from him in his Saheeh.

3-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) mentioned him in his Kitaab ath-Thiqaat (1/2) and also narrated from him in his Saheeh.

4-    Imaam Abu Sa’eed bin Yoonus al-Misri (D. 347) said:

ثقة
“Thiqah”
[ Tareekh Ibn Yoonus al-Misri (1/170)]

5-    Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori (D. 405) authenticated several of his narrations in al-Mustadrak Ala as-Saheehayn

6-    Imaam Abu Ya’la al-Khaleeli (D. 446) said:

ثقة متفق عليه
“Thiqah Agreed upon”
[ Al-Irshaad (1/429)]

7-    Imaam Al-Nasaa’ee (D. 303) said:

لا بأس به
“There is nothing wrong in him”
[ Masheekhah an-Nasaa’ee (1/64)]

8-    Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 327) said:

سمعنا منه وهو صدوق ثقة
“We have heard from him, and he is Truthful Thiqah”
[ Al-Jarh wat Ta'deel by Ibn Abi Haatim (3/464)]

9-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni (D. 385) graded the chain in which he was one of the narrators, saying

كلهم ثقات
“All the narrators are Thiqah”
[ Sunan ad-Daaraqutni (1/311)]

10-          Imaam Shams ud-Deen adh-Dhahabi (D. 748) said:

الإِمَامُ، المُحَدِّثُ، الفَقِيْهُ الكَبِيْرُ
“He is al-Imaam, al-Muhaddith, al-Faqeeh al-Kabeer…”
[ Siyar A’laam al-Nabula (12/587)]

11-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani (D. 852) said:

ثقة
“Thiqah”
[ Taqreeb (1894)]

Those who criticized him:

1-    In Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb, Haafidh Ibn Hajar narrates from Yoosuf bin Yazeed Abu Yazeed al-Qaraateesi (D. 287) that he said:

سماع الربيع ابن سليمان من الشافعى ليس بالثبت ، و إنما أخذ أكثر الكتب من آل البويطى بعد موت البويطى
“The samaa of Ar-Rabee’ bin Sulemaan from ash-Shaafi’ee is not proven, and he only took most of the books from Aal al-Buyooti after the death of al-Buyooti”
[ 3/246]

However, this saying is not proven at all. The chain from Ibn Hajar to Abu al-Husayn ar-Raazi is missing. Moreover, the remaining chain that Ibn Hajar mentions also contains a Majhool narrator named “Ali bin Muhammad bin Abi Hassaan az-Ziyaadi”, wallahu a’lam.

Even if it is proven, this is still rejected and inaccurate because the narrator of this saying, Abu Ja’far ar-Raazi himself said after narrating it:

و هذا لا يقبل من أبى يزيد ، بل البويطى كان يقول: الربيع أثبت فى الشافعى منى ، و قد سمع أبو زرعة الرازى كتب الشافعى كلها من الربيع قبل موت البويطى بأربع سنين
“And this is not acceptable from Abu Yazeed, rather al-Buyooti used to say: Ar-Rabee’ is more precise than me in narrating from Shaafi’ee. And indeed Abu Zur’ah has heard all the books of Ash-Shaafi’ee from Ar-Rabee’ four years before the death of al-Buyooti”
[Same]

For more details see, Al-Tankeel by Allaamah Mu’allami (1/464)

Conclusion:

Ar-Rabee’ bin Sulemaan is Thiqah with consensus.

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