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Sunday, February 10, 2013

Abdul Wahhaab bin Ataa al-Khaffaaf, Abu Nasr al-Ijlee




Name:

عَبْدُ الوَهَّابِ بنُ عَطَاءٍ البَصْرِيُّ الخَفَّافُ أَبُو نَصْرٍ العِجْلِيُّ

Abdul Wahhaab bin Ataa al-Basari al-Khaffaaf Abu Nasr al-Ijlee

Tabaqah: 9 – From the Minor Taba Taabi’een

Death: 204 H and it is said: 206 H

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari in Khalq Af’aal al-Ibaad – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Israa’eel bin Yoonus, Ismaa’eel bin Muslim al-Makki, Asha’th bin Sa’eed as-Sammaan, Thawr bin Yazeed al-Himsi, Humayd at-Ta’weel, Khaalid al-Khada (he is one of the last people he narrated from), Dawood bin Abi Hind, Sa’eed bin Abi Aroobah (he is from one of the old companions of Abdul Wahhaab), Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Abdul Azeez bin Abi Rawwaad, Abdul Malik bin Jurayj, Maalik bin Anas, Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah, Hishaam bin Hisaan, Hishaam ad-Dastawaa’ee, Yoonus bin Ubayd, Bahz bin Hakeem Abu Abdul Malik al-Basari, Muhammad bin az-Zubayr at-Tameemi and others.

Students: Abu Thawr al-Kalbi, Ahmed bin Hanbal, Ishaaq bin Rahwayh, Ishaaq bin Mansoor al-Kausaj, Abbaas bin Muhammad ad-Dauri, Abdullah bin Lahee’ah, Yahya bin Ma’een and others.

Status: Thiqah, Mudallis

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal reported that Imaam Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan used to have a good opinion about him
[Al-Ilal by Ahmed: 2566]

2-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is Thiqah”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri: 4/83]

He also said: “There is nothing wrong in him”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by Uthmaan ad-Daarimi: 1/150]

3-    Imaam Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Numayr said: “There is nothing wrong in him”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 6/72, Chain Saheeh]

4-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, Saheeh Muslim: H. 1774, 2069, 2467, 2808, 2848]

5-    Imaam Abu Eesa at-Tirmidhi authenticated his hadeeth saying: “This hadeeth is Hasan Saheeh, Ghareeb from this route”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: H. 1320, 3762]

6-    Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “He is from the people of Basrah, he held firm to Sa’eed bin Abi Aroobah and is known for his companionship, and he wrote his books…. He is Katheer ul-Hadeeth, Sadooq In-shaa-Allaah”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 7/240]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan narrated from him in his Saheeh
[Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan: H. 204, 640, 2383, 5049, 5050, etc]

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan also mentioned him among the Thiqah narrators
[Ath-Thiqaat by Ibn Hibbaan: 7/133]

8-    Imaam Abu Awaanah took evidence from him in his Saheeh
[Mustakhraj Abi Awaanah: H. 76, 337, 405, 584, 913, 948, 1323, 1562, 1885, 2134, 2402, 2484, 2610, 3007… etc]

9-    Imaam Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in Kitaab ath-Thiqaat
[984]

10-          Imaam Ibn Adee said: “There is nothing wrong in him”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 6/517]

11-          Imaam ad-Daaraqutni said: “He is Thiqah”
[Taareekh Baghdaad: 11/26, Chain Saheeh]

12-          Imaam al-Haakim authenticated his hadeeth to be on the conditions of Shaykhayn
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: H. 242, 364, 930, 1005, 1139… etc – Dhahabi followed him]

He also said about one of his hadeeth that: “Its chain is on the conditions of Saheeh”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: H. 669]

13-          Imaam Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi authenticated one of his hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 7/204 H. 13727]

14-          Imaam Zayaa al-Maqdisi authenticated and took evidence from his hadeeth
[See, Al-Mukhtaarah: H. 250, 332, 763, 2355, 2356, 2357, 2396, 2486, 2571, 2573 etc]

15-          Imaam Nawawi said: “He is differed upon, and the majority (Aktharoon) has declared him Thiqah, and Muslim took evidence from him in his Saheeh”
[Khulaasah al-Ahkaam by Nawawi: 2/735 H. 2571]

16-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “He is al-Imaam as-Sadooq al-Aabid al-Muhaddith…. I say, his hadeeth is of the level of Hasan”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 8/156-157]

Dhahabi also mentioned him in Man Takallam Feehi Wahuwa Mawthaq
[1/357]

At another place, he said: “He is Hasan ul-Hadeeth”
[Deewaan ad-Du’afa: 1/263]

17-          Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin said about one of his hadeeth that: “Its chain is Saheeh upon the conditions of Muslim; it contains Abdul Wahhaab bin Ataa, and the Majority has done his Tawtheeq”
[Al-Badar al-Muneer: 4/548]

At another place, he said: “Abdul Wahhaab bin Ataa is from the narrators of Muslim, his hadeeth is Hasan… as for what Ibn al-Jawzee narrated in his Tahqeeq about him from Ar-Raazi that he used to lie, and from Al-Ukaylee and Nasaa’ee that he is Matrook ul-Hadeeth, then they had said this concerning ‘Abdul Wahhaab bin ad-Dahhaak’ not for this (Abdul Wahhaab)….”
[Al-Badar al-Muneer: 7/63]

18-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: “He is Sadooq, sometimes he errs, they have criticized him due to a hadeeth in virtue of Abbaas, it is said that he committed Tadlees in it from Thawr”
[Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb: 4262]

19-          Haafidh al-Busayri authenticated his hadeeth saying, “The narrators of this chain are all Thiqah”
[Itthaaf al-Khayrah: 5/298]

20-          Allaamah Aynee al-Hanafi said about one of his hadeeth that: “Bayhaqi narrated from Abdul Wahhaab bin Ataa… with a Jayyid (strong) chain”
[Sharh Abi Dawood lil Aynee: 3/58]

·        It is said that Ibn Khalfoon mentioned him in his book of Thiqah narrators
[Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal by Mughaltaai: 8/378]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “He is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth, Mudtarib”
[Ad-Du’afa by al-Ukaylee: 3/77, wallahu a’lam]

2-    Imaam al-Bukhaari mentioned him in ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer and said: “He is not strong according to them”
[1/92]

3-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “Write his narrations, his place value is truth” His son Ibn Abi Haatim asked: “Is he more beloved to you or Abu Zayd al-Nahwi in narrating from Ibn Abi Aroobah?” He replied: “Abdul Wahhaab is not strong in hadeeth according to them”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/72]

Note: Haafidh Ibn al-Qattaan al-Faasi said about this saying of Abu Haatim that: “This saying from Abi Haatim is not a Tad’eef. It only means that: He is not strong in strength as compared to others who are above him; and Muslim has narrated from him rahimahullah
[Bayaan al-Wahem wal Ayhaam: 5/262]

4-    Imaam al-Bazzaar said: “Abdul Wahhaab is not strong in hadeeth, the people of knowledge have taken his hadeeth and they have narrated from him”
[Musnad al-Bazzaar: 13/399 H. 7098]

5-    Imaam Nasaa’ee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen and said: “He is not strong”
[1/68]

6-    Imaam al-Ukaylee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa
[3/77]

7-    Imaam Abu Ya’la al-Khaleeli said: “Write his narrations, and do not take evidence from him”
[Al-Irshaad by al-Khaleeli: 1/252]

8-    Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[2/158]

·        Zakariyyah bin Yahya is reported to have said: “He is Sadooq, he is not strong according to them”
[Taareekh Baghdaad: 11/23-24]

However, the chain of this saying is weak because of the presence of Muhammad bin Ahmed bin Abdul Malik al-Aadmi

Abdul Wahhaab and Tadlees

1-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah was asked about him, so he replied: “He narrated two narrations from Thawr which were not from the hadeeth of Thawr, I mentioned these two narrations to Yahya ibn Ma’een so he said, ‘he did not mention Khabar (affirmation of hearing) in them’”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/72]

Similarly, Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said about the hadeeth of Abdul Wahhaab narrated from Thawr bin Yazeed from Makhool from Kurayb from Ibn Abbaas mentioning the virtues of Abbaas (radiallah anhu) that: “This is Mawdoo (Fabricated), and Abdul Wahhaab did not say in it that Thawr narrated to us, and it is possible that he committed Tadlees”
[Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 5/20]

This proves that he was a Mudallis according to Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een.

2-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar mentioned him in the third level of Mudalliseen
[Tabaqaat al-Mudalliseen with Fath ul-Mubeen: P. 57]

The following Scholars also mentioned him in their books of Mudallis narrators:

3-    Al-‘Alaa’ee [P. 108]
4-    Abu Zur’ah Ibn al-Iraaqi [42]
5-    As-Suyooti [37]
6-    Al-Halabi [P. 40]
7-    And Ad-Dameeni [3/129]

Conclusion:

Abdul Wahhaab bin Ataa is Thiqah according to the Jumhoor and is also a Mudallis.

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