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Monday, February 11, 2013

Ataa bin Abi Muslim al-Khurasaani




Name:

عطاء بن أبى مسلم : ميسرة وقيل : عبد الله ، أبو عثمان أو أبو أيوب أو أبو محمد أو أبو صالح ، الخراسانى البلخى مولى المهلب

Ataa bin Abi Muslim: Maysarah and it is said: Abdullah, Abu Uthmaan or Abu Ayyoob or Abu Muhammad or Abu Saalih, al-Khurasaani al-Balkhi the client of Al-Muhallab

Tabaqah: 5 – From the Minor Taabi’een

Death: 135 H

Narrated by: Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Al-Hasan al-Basari, Sa’eed bin Jubayr, Sa’eed bin Abi Sa’eed al-Maqburi, Sa’eed bin al-Musayyab, Abu Sufyaan Talhah bin Naafi, Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi Layla, Amr bin Shu’ayb, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Naafi’ Mawla Ibn Umar, Nu’aym bin Abi Hind, Abu Idrees al-Khawlaani, and others.

Students: Ibraaheem bin Tahmaan, Usaamah bin Zayd bin Aslam, Ismaa’eel bin Ayyaash, Hammaad bin Salamah, Dawood bin Abi Hind, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Abdur Rahmaan bin Amr al-Awzaa’ee, Abdul Malik bin Jurayj, Maalik bin Anas, Ma’mar bin Raashid, Yoonus bin Yazeed al-Aylee and others.

Status: Thiqah, Commits Irsaal and Tadlees

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj &

2-    Imaam Maalik bin Anas al-Madani both have narrated from Ataa bin Abi Muslim and it is known that they did not narrate except from those who are normally Thiqah according to them.

3-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is Thiqah”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/335, Chain Saheeh; Taareekh Ibn Ma’een by ad-Dauri: 3/178; Taareekh ad-Daarimi: 1/146]

4-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “There is nothing wrong in him, he is Sadooq” His son asked: “Is evidence taken from his hadeeth?” He replied: “Yes”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/335]

5-    Imaam Muhammad bin Sa’d said: “He is Thiqah”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 7/261]

6-    Imaam Abu Eesa At-Tirmidhi said: “Ataa al-Khurasaani is a Thiqah person, Thiqah people from the Aimmah have narrated from him such as Maalik, Ma’mar and others, and I did not hear that any early Scholar criticized him in anything”
[Al-Ilal al-Kabeer lil Tirmidhi: 1/271]

Imaam Tirmidhi also authenticated his hadeeth in al-Sunan
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: H. 613, 1639]

7-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “I hope there is nothing wrong in him”
[Al-Kaamil: 7/72]

8-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: “He is Thiqah”
[Thiqaat by al-Ijlee: 1/334]

9-    Imaam al-Haakim authenticated his hadeeth saying, “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: H. 2770, 7051, 7316 etc]

10-          Haafidh Abu Muhammad al-Baghawi narrated a hadeeth of Ataa al-Khurasaani and said: “This hadeeth is Hasan” Then he mentioned a brief introduction of Ataa al-Khurasaani
[Sharh us-Sunnah: 2/35]

11-          Imaam Nawawi said: “He is from the worshipper Taabi’een, there is agreement on his Tawtheeq”
[Tahdheeb al-Asmaa by Nawawi: 1/334]

12-          Haafidh al-Mundhiri said about one of his hadeeth that: “Its narrators are Thiqah and evidence is taken from them in Saheeh except that Ataa al-Khurasaani did not hear from Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi Bakr”
[Al-Targheeb wal Tarheeb by al-Mundhiri: 2/68]

13-          Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said: “Ataa al-Khurasaani is Thiqah Famous”
[Al-Fatawa al-Kubra by Ibn Taymiyyah: 6/45]

14-          Imaam Dhahabi mentioned him in Man Takallam Feehi Wahuwa Mawthaq
[1/377]

Imaam Dhahabi also said: “He is Thiqah…”
[Deewaan ad-Du’afa: 1/276]

15-          Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali said: “He is Thiqah…”
[Sharh Ilal at-Tirmidhi: 2/877]

16-          Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin said: “I say, he is Thiqah”
[Al-Badar al-Muneer: 7/270]

17-          The Author of Takhreej Ahaadeeth Ihyaa said: “He is Thiqah Sadooq”
[6/2474]

18-          Haafidh al-Haythami said about one of his hadeeth that: “Its narrators are the narrators of Saheeh”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 2/171]

19-          Haafidh al-Busayri authenticated his hadeeth saying, “The narrators of this chain are all Thiqah”
[Itthaaf al-Khayrah: 6/340]

20-          Haafidh Ibn Iraaq al-Kinaani said: “The Jumhoor has done his Tawtheeq”
[Tanzeeh ush-Sharee’ah: 2/372 H. 28]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Bukhaari mentioned him in ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer
[1/108]

2-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi mentioned him in ad-Du’afa
[2/645]

3-    Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer
[3/405]

4-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan said: “He was from the best of Allaah’s worshippers except that he had a bad memory, Katheer ul-Wahem and he would not know thus he was criticized. When he started doing this abundantly in his narrations, taking evidence from him became invalid”
[Al-Majroheen by Ibn Hibbaan: 2/131]

Note: Imaam Dhahabi said about this saying of Ibn Hibbaan that: “There is something fishy (Feehi Nadhar) in this saying”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 6/287]

5-    Imaam Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi said: “He is Da’eef”
[Ma’rifat us-Sunan by Bayhaqi: 11/109]

At another place, he said: “Ataa al-Khurasaani is not strong”
[Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 5/102]

6-    Haafidh Ibn Abdil Barr said: “He is one of the Ulama al-Fudala, and sometimes there is something in his memory”
[Al-Tamheed by Ibn Abdil Barr: 21/3]

7-    Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[2/178]

8-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: “Sadooq, makes a lot of errors, and he commits Irsaal and Tadlees”
[Taqreeb: 4600]

·        Imaam Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj is reported to have said that: Ataa al-Khurasaani narrated to us, and he used to forget”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/335]

However, the chain of this narration contains the narrator “Yahya bin Ayyoob” and he is Majhool. Therefore, this narration is weak, wallahu a’lam

Ataa al-Khurasaani and Tadlees

1-    Imaam Dhahabi said about him: “wa Yu’an’an (i.e. he commits tadlees)”
[Deewaan ad-Du’afa: 2832]

2-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “he commits Tadlees”
[Taqreeb: 4600]

Ataa al-Khurasaani and Irsaal

1-    Imaam Abu al-Hajjaaj al-Mizzi said: “His narration from Anas bin Maalik is Mursal and so is the case with all the Sahaabah that are mentioned here”
[Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 20/107]

2-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi said: “He did not hear from Anas bin Maalik”
[Al-Maraaseel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 157]

3-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi also said: “Ataa’s narration from Uthmaan is Mursal”
[Al-Maraaseel: 157]

4-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “He did not hear anything from Ibn Abbaas; and Ataa has seen Ibn Umar but did not hear anything from him”
[Al-Maraaseel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 157]

5-    Imaam Dhahabi said: “He committed Irsaal from Abu ad-Darda, Ibn Abbaas, Al-Mugheerah bin Shu’bah and a group”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 6/140]

In short, he did not hear anything from any of the Sahaabah. And his narrations from them are Mursal.

Conclusion:

Ataa bin Abi Muslim al-Khurasaani is Thiqah according to the Jumhoor, and he also used to commit Tadlees and Irsaal.

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