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Saturday, February 2, 2013

Humayd bin Abi Humayd at-Ta’weel




The following is the succinct and brief introduction to the Famous Thiqah Taabi’ee, and the narrator of many ahadeeth, Imaam Humayd at-Ta’weel:

Name:

حميد بن أبى حميد الطويل البصرى ، أبو عبيدة الخزاعى و يقال السلمى و يقال الدارمى ، مولى طلحة الطلحات ( خال حماد بن سلمة )

Humayd bin Abi Humayd at-Ta’weel al-Basari, Abu Ubaydah al-Khazaa’ee, and it is said, as-Sulami, and it is said: Ad-Daarimi, the client of Talhah at-Talhaat (Uncle of Hammaad bin Salamah)

Birth: 67 H, or 68 H.

Teachers: Sayyidunah Anas bin Maalik (radiallah anhu), Imaam Thaabit bin Aslam al-Bunaani, and Imaam Hassan al-Basari etc. rahimahumullah.

Students: Imaam Ismaa’eel bin Ibraaheem famous as Ibn Ulayyah, Imaam Hammaad bin Zayd, Imaam Hammaad bin Salamah, Imaam Zuhayr bin Mu’aawiyah, and Imaam Shu’bah etc. rahimahumullah.

Status in the narration of hadeeth:

Muhadditheen are agreed upon that he is Thiqah. Therefore, it is not important to go through each of the saying.

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “Thiqah”.
[Kitaab al-Jarh wat-Ta’deel: 3/219, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “Thiqah, There is nothing wrong in him”.
[Same: Pg 219]

3-    Imaam Abul Hassan al-Ijlee said: “He is a Taabi’ee, Thiqah and he is the Uncle of Hammaad bin Salamah”
[Al-Taareekh: 370]

4-    Haafidh Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in Kitaab ath-Thiqaat. [4/148]

5-    The Historian, Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “Humayd was Thiqah, Katheer ul-Hadeeth, but sometimes he used to commit Tadlees from Anas bin Maalik (radiallah anhu).” 
      [Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d: 7/252]

The Issue of Tadlees

Several Scholars of Hadeeth have declared him a Mudallis, e.g. Haafidh Dhahabi said: “Thiqah Jaleel, Mudallis”
[Mizaan ul-I’tidaal: Vol. 1, Pg 610]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “Thiqah Mudallis”
[Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb: 1544]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar has mentioned him in the Third Level of Mudalliseen, whose ahadeeth are not Hujjah even according to Ibn Hajar, when narrated with “AN”, and he said: “He is the Famous student of Anas (radiallah anhu), he used to commit a lot of tadlees from him, until It was said that his common narrations from him (Anas) are through the link of Thaabit and Qataadah”.
[Tabaqaat al-Mudalliseen: Pg 86]

The Nephew of Imaam Humayd at-Ta’weel, Imaam Hammaad bin Salamah said: “The common narrations that Humayd has narrated from Anas (radiallah anhu), he heard them from Thaabit.”
[Al-Ja’diyaat by Baghawi: 1469, Chain Hassan]

Imaam Shu’bah said: “Humayd has only heard 24 narrations from Anas (radiallah anhu), and the remaining he heard from Thaabit or he (i.e. Thaabit) taught him.”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by Ad-Dauri: 4582, Chain Saheeh]

After mentioning this saying, Haafidh ‘Alaa’ee said: “Thus like this, these are the Mursal narrations, whose (hidden) link has been found, and he (Thaabit al-Bunaani) is Thiqah Hujjah.” [Jaami at-Tahseel: Pg 168, # 144]

Imaam Ibn Adee said: “And he heard remaining (all) the narrations from Thaabit, which he narrated from Anas (radiallah anhu)”
[Al-Kaamil: 2/684]

Haafidh Ibn Hibbaan said: “And he (Humayd at-Ta’weel) used to commit Tadlees, he heard 18 narrations from Anas (radiallah anhu) (according to the tahqeeq of Ibn Hibbaan), and the remaining, he heard from Thaabit, and then committed tadlees from him.”
[Kitaab ath-Thiqaat: 4/148]

Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi, and Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi both have declared the chain of “Humayd AN Thaabit AN Anas” to be Saheeh as compared to the chain of “Humayd AN Anas”, and they said: And Humayd used to do Irsaal abundantly.” [Illal al-Hadeeth: 2071]

In the above saying, Irsaal is meant to be Tadlees.

Conclusion:

The summary of this tahqeeq is as follows:

1.     Humayd at-Ta’weel was a Mudallis.
2.     The narrations of Humayd at-Ta’weel from Anas bin Maalik (radiallah anhu) are Saheeh even when they are narrated with “AN”.

Note: In Tabaqaat al-Mudalliseen, Haafidh Ibn Hajar has pointed out that Humayd at-Ta’weel also used to commit tadlees from the chain of “Qataadah AN Anas”, meaning he used to drop Qataadah from the Middle. But this saying is not proven with a Saheeh Chain. Its narrator Darasat was severely criticized.
See: Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb [3/40].

Haafidh Ibn Hajar has also narrated from a Thiqah Imaam, Abu Bakr Ahmed bin Haaroon al-Barza’ee, without any chain, that: “The hadeeth of Humayd is not Hujjah, except those in which he says Haddathana Anas.”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 3/40]

This saying is also not correct due to the explanation and the Khaas Daleel given above.

Death: He died in 142H, or 143H. He died while performing Salaah. Rahimahullah




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