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Sunday, March 31, 2013

Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah




إبراهيم بن إسماعيل بن أبى حبيبة الأنصارى الأشهلى مولاهم ، أبو إسماعيل المدنى ; مولى عبد الله بن سعد الأشهلى

Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah al-Ansaari al-Ashhali, their Mawla, Abu Ismaa’eel al-Madani; Mawla of Abdullah bin Sa’d al-Ashhali

Tabaqah: Seven (7) – From the Major Taba’ Taabi’een

Birth: 83 Hijri.

Death: 165 Hijri.

Narrated by: Tirmidhi – Ibn Maajah – Abu Dawood in Kitaaf al-Tafarrud etc

Teachers: Dawood bin al-Husayn, Zayd bin Sa’d bin Zayd al-Ashhali, Abdullah bin Abi Sufyaan, Abdullah bin Abdur Rahmaan bin Thaabit bin as-Saamit al-Ansaari, Abdul A’la bin Abdullah bin Abi Farwah, Abdul Malik bin Abdul Azeez bin Jurayj al-Makki, Umar bin Sa’eed bin Surayj al-Madani, Muhammad bin Ajlaan, Moosa bin Uqbah, and others

Students: Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Nasr al-Tabbaan, Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel al-Yashkari, Ibraaheem bin Amr bin Abi Saalih, Ismaa’eel bin Abi Uways, Sa’eed bin al-Hakam bin Abi Maryam, Abdul Azeez bin Imraan az-Zuhri, Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin Deenaar, Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Fudayk, Muhammad bin Umar al-Waaqidi, Abul Qaasim bin Abi Zinaad, and others.

Status: Da’eef - Weak

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim narrated with his chain that, Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een was asked about Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah, so he said: “He is Saalih”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/84]

It has also been narrated from Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een that he said: “Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel is nothing”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/380, Chain Hasan]

2-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari (rahimahullah) said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer: 1/21 T. 2, Al-Taareekh ul-Kabeer: 1/271, Ad-Du’afa al-Ukaylee: 1/43, al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 1/233, and others]

3-    Imaam Tirmidhi (rahimahullah) said, Muhammad (bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari) said: “He is Dhaahib ul-Hadeeth (Wasted in Hadeeth)”
[Al-Ilal al-Kabeer attributed to Tirmidhi: 1/393]

4-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi (rahimahullah) mentioned him in his book of weak narrators.
[Ad-Du’afa by Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi: 2/597 T. 3]

5-    After narrating a hadeeth, Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim said: My Father (Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi) said: “This hadeeth is Munkar, and Ibn Abi Habeebah is Laysa bil Qawi (not strong).”
[Ilal al-Hadeeth by Ibn Abi Haatim: 4/468 T. 1575]

At one place, Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim said, I asked My Father (Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi) about Ibn Abi Habeebah, so he said: “He is a Shaikh Laisa Biqawi (Not strong), Write his narrations, and do not take evidence from him, he is Munkar ul-Hadeeth….”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/83]

6-    Imaam Nasaa’ee mentioned him in Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen and said: “He is Da’eef”
[1/11]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in al-Majroheen and said: “He would alter the chain of narrations, and narrate the Mursal narrations as Marfoo’”
[1/109 T. 20]

8-    Imaam Ibn Adee mentioned him in al-Kaamil fi Du’afaa ar-Rijaal and narrated the criticisms of scholars upon him and later said: “Write his narrations, despite his weakness”
 [1/379]

9-    Imaam Daaraqutni mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen and said: “He is Matrook (abandoned)”
[1/252]

10-          Imaam Dhahabi (rahimahullah) said: “He is Waahi ul-Hadeeth (weak) according to them (Muhadditheen).”
[Taareekh ul-Islaam: 10/59]

11-          Izz ud-Deen Ibn al-Atheer after narrating a hadeeth said: “It contains Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah and he is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[Asad ul-Ghaabah: 1/44 T. 556]

12-          Badr ud-Deen al-Aynee al-Hanafi said: “Ibraaheem bin Ismaa’eel bin Abi Habeebah is Da’eef”
[Maghaani al-Akhyaar: 3/500]

13-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “He is Da’eef from the seventh level.”
[Taqreeb: 1/87 T. 146]

14-          Haafidh al-Haythami said: “The Jumhoor (of Muhadditheen) has declared him weak”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 5/316]

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “He is Thiqah, from the People of Madeenah”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/380, Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/83]

2-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: “He is Thiqah”
[Ath-Thiqaat bitarteeb al-Haythami: P. 3]

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