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Monday, March 18, 2013

Qaza’ah bin Suwayd al-Baahili




Name:

قزعة بن سويد بن حجير بن بيان الباهلى ، أبو محمد البصرى

Qaza’ah bin Suwayd bin Hujayr bin Bayaan al-Baahili, Abu Muhammad al-Basari

Tabaqah: 8 – From the Middle level of Taba Taabi’een

Narrated by: Tirmidhi – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Ismaa’eel bin Umayyah, Ja’far bin Maymoon al-Anmaati, Hajjaaj bin Hajjaaj al-Anmaati, Humayd bin Qays, Abu Qaza’ah Suwayd bin Hujayr, Aasim bin Makhlad, Abdullah bin Abi Mulaykah, Abdullah bin Abi Najeeh, Abdul Malik bin Umayr, Ubaydullah bin Umar al-Umri, Uthmaan bin Saalim, Abu az-Zubayr al-Makki and others.

Students: Ibraaheem bin al-Hajjaaj as-Saami, Ismaa’eel bin Ibraaheem al-Tarjumaani, Bishr bin Dihyah, Shaybaan bin Farokh, Abu Aasim ad-Dahhaak bin Makhlad, Abdul Waahid bin Ghiyaath, Qutaybah bin Sa’eed, Muhammad bin Abaan al-Waasiti, Musaddad bin Musarhad, Muslim bin Ibraaheem, Umar bin Haaroon al-Basari and others.

Status: Da’eef

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam al-Bazzaar said: “There is nothing wrong in him, he is not strong”
[Musnad al-Bazzaar: 8/401]

2-    Imaam al-Ijlee said: “There is nothing wrong in him, and there is weakness in him”
[Thiqaat: 2/217]

3-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “I hope there is nothing wrong in him”
[Al-Kaamil: 7/177]

4-    Imaam al-Haakim authenticated his hadeeth saying: “The chain of this hadeeth is Saheeh”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: H. 1301, 3659, 7545]

5-    Al-Busayri authenticated his hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Hasan”
[Itthaaf al-Khayrah: 4/516, 5/146 & Misbaah uz-Zajaajah: 2/23]

6-    Al-Suyooti said: “Qaza’ah is declared Thiqah by the Jumhoor”
[Al-Aali al-Masnoo’ah: 1/199]

And said: “His hadeeth is of the level of Hasan”
[Same]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “He resembles Matrook”
[Su’aalaat al-Athram: 1/50]

2-    Imaam Bukhaari said: “He is not strong”
[Al-Taareekh al-Kabeer (7/192), Ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer (1/116), Ad-Du’afa al-Ukaylee (3/487), Al-Kaamil (6/50)]

3-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi mentioned him in ad-Du’afa
[2/651]

4-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is not strong, his level is of Truth, he is not staunch, write his narrations and do not take evidence from him”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/140]

5-    Imaam Nasaa’ee said: “He is Da’eef”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen by Nasaa’ee: 1/88]

6-    Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa
[3/487 T. 1547]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan said: “He commits a lot of Mistakes, makes grave errors, so when he started doing this a lot in his narrations, taking evidence from his reports became invalid”
[Al-Majroheen: 2/216]

8-    Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in Taareekh Asmaa ad-Du’afa wal Kadh-dhaabeen
[1/159]

9-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni mentioned him in ad-Du’afa and said: “Error is dominant in him”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen by ad-Daaraqutni: 3/128]

10-          Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[3/17]

11-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “Qaza’ah bin Suwayd is Da’eef”
[Talkhees al-Mustadrak: H. 7545]

12-          Haafidh al-Haythami said: “He is weakened by the Jumhoor”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 6/245]

At another place, he said: “He is Da’eef”
[Same: 6/286]

13-          Noor ud-Deen Ibn Iraaq al-Kinaani said: “Qaza’ah bin Suwayd is Mudtarib ul-Hadeeth, Katheer ul-Khata”
[Tanzeeh ush-Sharee’ah: 1/266]

Contradictory Opinions:

The following opinions contradict another opinion of the same Muhaddith; therefore, they become neutral.

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said in one narration: “He is not strong”
[Su’alaat Ibn Tahmaan: 1/41]

At another place, he said: “He is Da’eef”
[Du’afa al-Ukaylee: 3/487; Taareekh Ibn Abi Khaythamah: 2/238; Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/139]

Whereas in another narration, he said: “He is Thiqah”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Daarimi: 1/191]

2-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: His hadeeth is of the level of Hasan”
[Al-Qaul al-Musaddad: 1/30]

At another place, he said: “He is Da’eef”
[Taqreeb: 5546]

Conclusion:

Qaza’ah bin Suwayd is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth according to the Jumhoor. Shaykh Al-Albaani said: “He is weakened by Jumhoor”
[Silsilah as-Saheehah: 3/84]

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