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Sunday, March 17, 2013

Al-Qaasim bin Abdur Rahmaan, Abu Abdur Rahmaan ad-Dimashqi




Name:

القاسم بن عبد الرحمن الشامى ، أبو عبد الرحمن الدمشقى ، مولى آل أبى سفيان بن حرب الأموى ( و هو صاحب أبى أمامة )

Al-Qaasim bin Abdur Rahmaan ash-Shaami, Abu Abdur Rahmaan ad-Dimashqi, the Mawla of Aal Abi Sufyaan bin Harb al-Umawi (and he is the companion of Abu Umaamah)

Tabaqah: 3 – From the Middle Level of Taabi’een

Death: 112 H

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Fadaalah bin Ubayd, Abu Umaamah al-Baahili, Adee bin Haatim at-Taa’ee, Uqbah bin Aamir al-Juhani, Anbasah bin Abi Sufyaan, and others.

Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He narrates from Ali, Ibn Mas’ood, and Aa’ishah as Mursal”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/113]

Imaam Dhahabi said: “He commits a lot of Irsaal from old Sahaabah like Ali, Tameem ad-Daari, and Ibn Mas’ood”
[Siyar: 5/194]

Haafidh Salaah ud-Deen al-‘Alaa’ee said: “He narrates from Ali, Ibn Mas’ood, Salaam (al-Faarsi), Tameem ad-Daari, Aa’ishah, and Abu Hurayrah and others all as Mursal”
[Jaami at-Tahseel: 1/253]

Students: Yahya bin al-Haarith az-Zamaari, Thawr bin Yazeed, Abdullah bin al-Alaa bin Zabr, Mu’aawiyah bin Saalih, Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir and others.

Status: Thiqah

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “Al-Qaasim bin Abdur Rahmaan the one who narrates from Abu Umaamah is Thiqah”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri: 4/428]

2-    Imaam Tirmidhi said, I heard (Imaam) Muhammad (bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari) saying: “Al-Qaasim is Thiqah”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: H. 3195]

3-    Imaam Tirmidhi said: “Al-Qaasim is Thiqah”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: H. 3195]

4-    Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Fasawi said: “Al-Qaasim Abu Abdur Rahmaan Mawla Aal Mu’aawiyah is Thiqah”
[Al-Ma’rifah wal Taareekh: 2/456]

5-    Imaam al-Ijlee said: “Taabi’ee, Thiqah, write his narrations, and he is not strong”
[Thiqaat: 1/388]

6-    Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim authenticated his hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Al-Mustadrak: H. 2398, 2452 and Dhahabi followed him]

7-    Imaam Dhahabi said: “He is Sadooq”
[Al-Kaashif: 2/129]

8-    Haafidh al-Haythami said: “He is Thiqah and there is dispute about him”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 2/29]

9-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: “He is Sadooq, he narrates a lot of Ghareeb narrations”
[Taqreeb: 5470]

10-          Badr ud-Deen Aynee al-Hanafi said: “Al-Qaasim bin Abdur Rahmaan is declared Thiqah by the Jumhoor and weakened by some”
[Umdat ul-Qaari: 7/146 H. 1103]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal accused him of narrating Munkar narrations
[See, Al-Ilal (1353), Du’afa al-Ukaylee (1533) etc]

2-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan said: “He is among those who narrate Mu’addal (disconnected) narrations from the companions of Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and brought Maqloob (altered) things from the Thiqah people…”
[Al-Majroheen: 2/212]

3-    Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa
[3/476]

4-    Haafidh Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi said: “Al-Qaasim is Da’eef”
[Al-Muhalla: 3/249]

5-    Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[3/14]

·        Al-Mufaddal bin Ghasaan said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth”
[Taareekh Dimashq: 49/112]

However, the chain of this saying is weak because:
1.     Abu al-‘Alaa al-Waasiti is Da’eef [See, Meezaan al-I’tidaal: 3/654 & Lisaan al-Meezaan: 7/367]
2.     Abu Bakr al-Baabisayri is not clarified as to who he is?

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