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Wednesday, March 13, 2013

Imraan bin Daawar, Abu al-Awwaam al-Qattaan al-Basari




Name:

عِمْرَانُ بنُ دَاوَرَ العَمِّيُّ، أَبُو العَوَّامِ البَصْرِيُّ، القَطَّانُ

Imraan bin Daawar al-Ammi, Abu al-Awwaam al-Basri, al-Qattaan

Tabaqah: 7 – From the Major Taba Taabi’een

Death: Between 160 and 170 H

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari in Ta’leeq form – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Abaan bin Abi Ayyaash, Bakr bin Abdullah al-Muzani, Hasan al-Basri, Humayd at-Ta’weel, Sulemaan at-Taymee, Qataadah bin Di’aamah, Muhammad bin Sireen, Ma’mar bin Raashid, Yahya bin Abi Katheer, Talhah bin Abdullah al-Khazaa’ee, Ubaydullah bin Talhah bin Abdullah al-Khazaa’ee and others.

Students: Abu Qutaybah, Abu Aasim ad-Dahhaak bin Makhlad, Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi, Yazeed bin Zuray, Abu Dawood at-Tiyaalsi, Abu Ali al-Hanafi and others.

Status: Thiqah, Hasan ul-Hadeeth

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi used to narrate from him (which is considered a tawtheeq from him as he would normally only narrate from those who are thiqah according to him)
[See, Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 3/300]

2-    Imaam Affaan bin Muslim as-Saffaar narrated from him and said: “He is Thiqah”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 6/162]

3-    Imaam Abu Eesa at-Tirmidhi authenticated his hadeeth in al-Sunan
[H. 1536, 1577, 1826, 2452, 2456, 2535, 3934]

4-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: “He is Basri Thiqah”
[Thiqaat by al-Ijlee: 1/373]

5-    Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in his book of Thiqah narrators
[1/182 T. 1111]

6-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah authenticated his hadeeth in his Saheeh
[H. 2194]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned in his book of Thiqah narrators.
[7/243 T. 9889]

And he also narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, H. 870, 971, 3108, 3476, 4579, 5062, 5823, 6554, 6832, 7400, and 7484]

8-    Imaam Abu Awaanah narrated from him in his Saheeh
[H. 2525, 5584, 6742 etc]

9-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “And he is among those whose narrations are written down”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 6/164]

10-          Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori authenticated his hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Al-Mustadrak: H. 1375, 1427, 1801, 3838, 3874, 7732, 8288, 8506]

At another place he said about Imraan that: “He is Saalih al-Hadeeth”
[H. 1427]

11-          Imaam Zaya al-Maqdisi narrated and authenticated his hadeeth in al-Mukhtaarah
[H. 1390, 2502, 2503, 2504, 2506 etc]

12-          Haafidh Al-Busayri said: “The Jumhoor has declared him Thiqah”
[Zawaaid Ibn Maajah: 2672]

13-          Haafidh Abu al-Hasan Ibn al-Qattaan said: “There is nothing wrong in his hadeeth”
[Bayaan al-Wahem wal Ayhaam: 3/614]

14-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: “He is Sadooq makes mistakes”
[Taqreeb: 5154]

·        Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “I think he is Saalih al-Hadeeth”
[Al-Ilal by Abdullah bin Ahmed: 3/25]

This is contrary to Imaam Ahmed’s other opinion where he said: “He is nothing” and he weakened him
[Su’aalaat al-Marwazi: 166]

Therefore, both these sayings are neutralized due to being contradictory.

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Sa’eed al-Qattaan would not narrate from him
[See, Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 3/300 etc]

2-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “Yahya bin Sa’eed (al-Qattaan) would not narrate from Imraan al-Qattaan, and he is nothing”
[Al-Ma’rifat us-Sunan wal Athaar by Bayhaqi: 8/237, Chain Saheeh; Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 3/300, Chain Saheeh]

At another place he said: “He is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Ilal by Abdullah bin Ahmed: 3/25]

He also said: “Imraan al-Qattaan held the opinion of Khawaarij, and he did not call towards it”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 3/300]

3-    Imaam Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari mentioned him in his book of weak narrators.
[Ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer by al-Bukhaari: 281]

4-    Imaam Nasaa’ee said: “He is Da’eef”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen by al-Nasaa’ee: 1/85]

At another place, he said: “He is not strong”
[Sunan al-Nasaa’ee: H. 3094, 4115]

5-    Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa
[3/300]

6-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni said: “He is Katheer ul-Wahem wal Mukhaalifah”
[Su’aalaat al-Haakim li’d-Daaraqutni: 445]

7-    Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee said mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[2/220]

8-    Imaam Dhahabi said: “Imraan is Da’eef”
[Talkhees al-Mustadrak: H. 8670]

·        Imaam Abu Dawood is reported to have said: “He is Da’eef”

However, the chain of this saying is weak because Abu Ubayd al-Ajurri is not proven to be Thiqah.

Conclusion:

Imraan bin Daawar is Sadooq and Hasan ul-Hadeeth according to the Jumhoor.


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