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Saturday, March 16, 2013

Katheer bin Abdullah bin Amr bin Awf al-Muzani




Name:

كَثِير بن عَبْد اللَّهِ بن عَمْرو بن عوف بن زَيْد بن ملحة المزني المدني

Katheer bin Abdullah bin Amr bin Awf bin Zayd bin Milhah al-Muzani al-Madani

Tabaqah: Seven (7) – One of the major Ittibaa ut-Taabi’een

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari in Juzz al Qira’at – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Ibn Maajah and others

Teachers: Bakr bin Abdur Rahmaan al-Muzani, Rabeeh bin Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi Sa’eed al-Khudri, Abdullah bin Amr bin Awf, Muhammad bin Ka’b, Naafi the servant of Ibn Umar, and others.

Students: Ibraaheem bin Muhammad al-Fazaari, Ishaaq bin Ibraaheem al-Hunayni, Ismaa’eel bin Abi Uways, Zayd bin al-Hubaab, Abdullah bin Katheer bin Ja’far, Abdullah bin Wahb al-Misri, Abdul Azeez bin Muhammad ad-Daraawardi, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Ansaari and others.

Status: Matrook, Fabricator

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah authenticated him by taking narrations from him in his Saheeh.
[See: H. 1438, 1439, 2412 etc]

2-    Imaam Tirmidhi narrated several ahadeeth of Katheer and he authenticated his hadeeth saying:

“This hadeeth is Hasan” also “This hadeeth is Hasan Ghareeb” also “This is the most authentic of what is narrated in this chapter” etc
[Al-Jaami: H. 490, 536, 1352, 2630, 2677]

The authentication of a lone narration as Saheeh or Hasan is the authentication of all its narrators in the chain, see Nasb ur-Rayaa by Zayla’ee (9264/3, 149/1) etc.

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is nothing”
[Su’aalaat Ibn al-Junayd: 1/469, Taareekh Ibn Ma’een by Ad-Dauri: 1/195]

Imaam Yahya also said: “He is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 4/4, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Ali ibn al-Madeeni said: “He is Da’eef”
[Su’aalaat Ibn Abi Shaybah li Ibn al-Madeeni: 1/90]

3-    Imaam Abdullah bin Ahmed narrated that I heard my father (Ahmed bin Hanbal) saying that: “….He is nothing” and my father crossed out the ahadeeth of Katheer bin Abdullah bin Amr bin Awf from al-Musnad and did not narrate to us anything from him.
[Al-Illal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal by Imaam Abdullah: 3/213]

4-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi weakened Katheer bin Abdullah in his ad-Du’afa [2/501]

He also said: He is Waahi ul-Hadeeth (Wasted in Hadeeth), not strong”.
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/154]

5-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is not strong”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/154]

6-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in his book of criticized narrators and said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth. He narrated a fabricated nuskhah from his father from his grandfather”
[Al-Majroheen: 2/221]

7-    Imaam Ibraaheem bin Ya’qoob al-Juzjaani said: “He is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth”
[Ahwaal ur-Rijaal: 1/236]

8-    Imaam Daaraqutni mentioned him in his book of weak narrators, and said in another place: “He is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa: 3/128, & Al-Mu’talaf wal Mukhtalaf: 1/327]

9-    Imaam Nasaa’ee mentioned him in his book of weak narrators and said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen: 1/89]

10-          Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Nisaaboori said: “Hujjah is not established from him”
[Al-Mustadrak al-Haakim: 1/218]

11-          Imaam Abu Nu’aym al-Asbahaani mentioned him in his book of weak narrators and also weakened him in al-Musnad al-Mustakhraj [1/78].
[See: Ad-Du’afa by Abu Nu’aym: 1/133]

12-          Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee al-Jarjaani said: “Most of what he narrates is not followed”
[Al-Kaamil: 7/197]

13-          Imaam Ibn Sa’d weakened him in Tabaqaat al-Kubra [5/482]

14-          Ibn al-Qaysaraani said: “Katheer is Da’eef”
[Dhakheerat ul-Huffaadh: 1/231]

15-          Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in his book of weak and Kadhaab narrators and said: “He is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth”
[Taareekh Asmaa Ad-Du’afa wal Kadh-dhaabeen: 1/161]

16-          Imaam Ibn Abdul Barr said: “He is not among those from whom Hujjah is taken”
[Al-Istidhkaar: 2/38]

He also said: “Katheer is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Istidhkaar: 7/185]

He also said: “There is Ijmaa on his weakness and hujjah is not taken from such people”
[Al-Tamheed: 3/237]

17-          Imaam Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi said: “Katheer bin Abdullah is Saaqit, it is not permissible to narrate from him”
[Al-Muhalla bil Athaar: 4/241]

18-          Imaam Abul Hassan Ibn al-Qattaan weakened him in Bayaan al-Wahem wal Ayhaam [3/527]

19-          Imaam Nawawi said: “Katheer bin Abdullah is Da’eef, he is weakened by the Jumhoor”
[Al-Majmoo Sharh al-Muhadhdhab: 5/16]

20-          Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said: “He is weakened by the Jama’ah”
[Majmoo al-Fatawa: 29/147]

21-          Imaam Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in his book of weak narrators and said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth, he is nothing”
[Ad-Du’afa: 3/23 & Al-Mawdoo’aat: 1/149]

22-          Imaam Ibn Abdul Haadi weakened him in Tanqeeh ut-Tahqeeq [2/583, 3/109 etc]

23-          Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Faarsi weakened him. [Al-Ma’rifat wal Taareekh: 3/378]

24-          Imaam Dhahabi said: Katheer is Matrook”
[Tanqeeh ut-Tahqeeq by Dhahabi: 1/351]

He also said: “Katheer is Waahi ul-Hadeeth (Wasted in hadeeth)”
[Taareekh al-Islaam: 4/280]

25-          Imaam Ibn Katheer said: “Katheer is Kadhaab (Liar)”
[Al-Bidaayah wal Nihaayah: 1/386]

26-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: “He is Da’eef according to many (Muhadditheen)”
[Fath ul-Baari by Ibn Hajar: 4/451] also see: Talkhees ul-Habeer (2/199), Al-Taqreeb and others

27-          Haafidh Haythami said: “Katheer is Matrook”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 1/187]

Also said: “There is consensus on his weakness”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 1/203]

28-          Haafidh al-Busayri said: “Katheer is Da’eef”
[Itthaaf al-Khayrah: 3/24]

29-          Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali said: “He is Da’eef”
[Fath ul-Baari by Ibn Rajab: 1/180]

He also said: “There is agreement (Consensus) on his weakness”
[Fath ul-Baari by Ibn Rajab: 3/211]

30-          Haafidh as-Suyooti said: “Katheer is  Kadh-dhaab (Liar)” [Al-Aalee al-Masnoo’ah: 1/86]

31-          Noor ud-Deen al-Kinaani said: “He has a fabricated Nuskha which he narrated from his father from his grandfather”
[Tanzeeh ush-Sharee’ah: 1/233]

32-          Allaamah Badr ud-Deen Aynee al-Hanafi said: “Katheer is Da’eef according to many (Muhadditheen)”
[Umdat ul-Qaari: 12/94]

33-          Allaamah Mulla Ali al-Qaari Al-Hanafi said: “There is agreement (consensus) on his weakness”
[Mirqaat ul-Mafateeh: 1/257]

34-          Haafidh Zayla’ee said: “He is Matrook according to them”
[Nasb ur-Rayaa: 2/217]

Also said: “There is consensus on his weakness”
[Nasb ur-Rayaa: 2/425]

35-          Haafidh al-Manawi said: “He is Da’eef”
[Faydh ul-Qadeer: 4/22]

36-          Mughaltaai al-Hanafi narrated a hadeeth and said: “This hadeeth is weak due to the weakness of Katheer bin Abdullah”
[Sharh Ibn Maajah by Mughaltaai: 1/137]

37-          Ibn al-Turkamaani al-Hanafi said: “Katheer is Weak”
[Al-Johar al-Naqi: 4/173]

38-          Imaam Shawkaani said: “The Imaams of Jarh wat Ta’deel have agreed upon his (Katheer’s) weakness”
[Nayl al-Awtaar: 3/291]

39-          Allaamah Abdul Hay Lakhnawi said: “There is consensus on his weakness”
[Ta’leeq al-Mumajjid: 2/157]

40-          Allaamah Shams ul-Haqq Adheemabaadi said: “He is Matrook according to them (Muhadditheen)”
[Awn al-Ma’bood: 4/9]

41-          Anwar Shaah Kaashmiree al-Deobandi said: “The Jumhoor has weakened him”
[Al-Urf ash-Shazi: 3/81]

42-          Allaamah Abdur Rahmaan al-Mubaarakpooree said: “They have consented upon his weakness”
[Tuhfat ul-Ahwadhi: 1/79]

43-          Shaikh Abdus Salaam Rahmaani al-Mubaarakpooree weakened him.
[Mir’aat ul-Mafateeh: 5/48]

44-          Allaamah Naasir ud-Deen Albaani said: “He is Matrook”
[Irwaa ul-Ghaleel: 3/313]

45-          Shaikh Abu Taahir Zubayr Ali Za’ee said: “Katheer bin Abdullah is Da’eef” [Anwaar us-Saheefah: Da’eef Sunan Tirmidhi: H. 2630]


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