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Sunday, March 31, 2013

Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya



Name:

إبراهيم بن محمد بن أبى يحيى : سمعان الأسلمى مولاهم ، أبو إسحاق المدنى ، و قيل إبراهيم بن محمد بن أبى عطاء

Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya: Sama’aan al-Aslami, their Mawla, Abu Ishaaq al-Madani, and it is said he is Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Ataa.

Tabaqah: 7 – From the major Taba Taabi’een

Death: 184 or 191 Hijri.

Narrated by: Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Ishaaq bin Abdullah bin Abi Talhah, Al-Haarith bin Fudayl, Dawood bin al-Husain, Suhayl bin Abi Saalih, Saalih bin Nabhaan, Safwaan bin Saleem, Abbaas bin Abdur Rahmaan, Abdullah bin Deenaar, Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Aqeel, al-‘Alaa bin Abdur Rahmaan, Layth bin Abi Sulaym, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Muhammad bin Abi Yahya al-Aslami, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Ansaari and others.

Students: Ibraaheem bin Tahmaan, Sa’eed bin Hakam bin Abi Maryam, Sufyaan bin Bishr al-Koofi, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Saalih bin Muhammad at-Tirmidhi, Abdur Rahmaan bin Saalih al-Azdi, Abdur Razzaaq bin Hammaam as-Sana’aani, Muhammad bin Idrees ash-Shaafi’ee, Yahya bin Aadam and others.

Status: Severely Weak – Kadhaab – Fabricator of Hadeeth.

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who criticized him:

1-    Bishr bin Umar said: “(Imaam) Maalik bin Anas forbade us from Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

Imaam Maalik further said: “He is nothing in hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

Yahya ibn Sa’eed al-Qattaan also narrated from Imaam Maalik, and said, I asked Imaam Maalik about Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya whether he was thiqah in hadeeth or not? Imaam Maalik said: “No (he is not thiqah), and neither is he thiqah in his deen”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59]

2-    Imaam Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak abandoned him and said that he used to commit tadlees.
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

3-    Imaam Bishr bin al-Mufaddal said: “I asked the Fuqaha of Madeenah about Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya, and they all said that he is Kadhaab or similar words”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/126]

4-    Imaam Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan said: “We have accused him of lying i.e. Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

At another place, he said: “Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya is a Kadh-dhaab”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/353]

5-    Imaam Ali bin Abdullah al-Madeeni said: “He is Kadh-dhaab, and speaks (the views of) al-Qadr”
[Su’aalaat Ibn Abi Shaybah: 1/124 T. 153]

6-    Imaam Abdullah bin Ahmed asked Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal about Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya, so he said: “People have abandoned his ahadeeth, and he is a Qadri”
[Al-Ilal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal by Ahmed narrated by his son: 2/503 T. 3317]

Imaam Ahmed also said: “He is Qadri, Jahmi, and every evil is in him i.e. Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

7-    Imaam Yahya bin Ma’een said: “Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya is a Raafidi Qadari” and he also said: “Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya is Kadhaab (Liar), and a Raafidi, Qadari”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

At another place, he said: “He is a Kadh-dhaab; there is no doubt in that”
[Taareekh Asma ud-Du’afaa wal Matrokeen: 1/47, Chain Saheeh]

8-    Abdullah bin Abdur Rahmaan as-Samarqandi said: I heard (Imaam) Yazeed bin Haaroon declaring Khaalid bin Makhdooj, Ziyaad bin Maymoon, and Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya to be liars.”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Saheeh]

9-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari weakened him by mentioning him in his book of weak narrators and said: “He is inclined towards Qadr, Yahya bin Sa’eed said: Ibn al-Mubaarak abandoned him. Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel narrated to us, Ibn al-Muthanna narrated to us, Bishr bin Umar narrated to us, he said: ‘Maalik prohibited us to narrate from Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya, I asked: Do you prohibit us from him due to Qadr? He (Maalik) replied: He is nothing in his Deen’”
[Ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer: 1/22]

10-          Imaam Abu Dawood as-Sijistaani is reported to have said: “Ibraaheem bin Abi Yahya is Qadri, Raafidi, and a Kadhaab (Liar)”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 1/62 T. 59, Chain Weak]

This saying, however, is not proven from Imaam Abu Dawood as the narrator Zakariyyah bin Yahya al-Hulwaani is Majhool ul-Haal.

11-          Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Faarsi said: “He is Matrook Mahjoor (discarded)”
[Al-Ma’rifah wal Taareekh: 3/138]

At another place, he said: “He is Jahmi, Qadari, Mu’tazali, Raafidi, attributed towards Kadhib (Lying)”
[Al-Ma’rifah: 3/55]

12-          Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi mentioned him in his book of weak narrators.
[Ad-Du’afa by Abu Zur’ah: 2/598 T. 8]

Imaam Abu Zur’ah also said: “He is nothing”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 1/127]

13-          Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is Kadhaab, Matrook ul-Hadeeth; Ibn al-Mubaarak abandoned his narration”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/126]

14-          Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “Abandon his narrations, do not write them”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 5/493]

15-          Imaam Nasaa’ee mentioned him in his book of weak narrators and said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afaa wal Matrokeen: 1/11]

16-          Imaam Abu Ja’far al-Ukaylee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa
[1/62 T. 59]

17-          Imaam Abu Ahmed al-Haakim said in his book “Al-Kunaa” that: “He is Dhaahib ul-Hadeeth (wasted in hadeeth)”
[Al-Kunaa by Abu Ahmed with reference from Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 1/284]

18-          Imaam Ibn al-Jaarood mentioned him in his Kitaab ad-Du’afa and said: “He is not Thiqah, Kadh-dhaab, Raafidi”
[Kitaab ad-Du’afa by Ibn al-Jaarood with reference from Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 1/287]

19-          Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in Taareekh Asmaa ad-Du’afa wal Kadh-dhaabeen
[1/47]

20-          Imaam Abu Ya’la al-Khaleeli said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Irshaad by al-Khaleeli with reference from Ikmaal Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 1/286]

21-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan criticized him in detail in Al-Majroheen [1/106]

22-          Imaam Daaraqutni mentioned him in his book of weak narrators.
[Ad-Du’afaa wal Matrokeen: 1/250]

Ad-Daaraqutni also mentioned him in al-Sunan and said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[4/156 H. 3259]

23-          Imaam Bayhaqi said: “Majority of the People of Knowledge have weakened him in hadeeth”
[Al-Sunan al-Kubra: 1/249]

24-          Imaam Ibn Abdul Barr al-Andalusi said: “He is Matrook”
[24/377]

25-          Haafidh Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi said: “He is Kadhaab (Liar)”
[Al-Muhalla: 3/133]

26-          Muhammad bin Taahir al-Maqdisi said: “This Ibraaheem is Kadhaab (Liar)”
[Tadhkirat ul-Huffaadh: 1/357]

27-          Imaam Nawawi said: “He is Da’eef according to the Consensus”
[Majmoo Sharh al-Muhadhdhab: 1/87]

28-          Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee criticized him in al-Mawdoo’aat [3/217] and he also said: “He is not Thiqah”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen: 1/51]

29-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “A group (of Muhadditheen) has abandoned and weakened him”
[Al-Mughni fi Du’afa: 1/23]

30-          Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali said: “Many have accused him of lying”
[Sharh Ilal al-Tirmidhi: 2/563]

And he also said: “He is severely weak”
[Fath ul-Baari by Ibn Rajab: 8/461]

31-          Noor ud-Deen Ibn Iraaqi al-Kinaani said: “He is a Fabricator of hadeeth”
[Tanzeeh ush-Sharee’ah: 1/24]

32-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “He is Famous for his weakness”
[Al-Isaabah fi Tamiyeez as-Sahaabah: 4/136]

Ibn Hajar also said: “He is weakened by the Jumhoor”
[Tabaqaat ul-Mudalliseen: 5/129]

And in al-Taqreeb, Ibn Hajar said: “He is Matrook”
[241]

33-          Badr ud-Deen al-Aynee al-Hanafi said: “He is weakened by the Jumhoor”
[Umdat ul-Qaari: 11/82]

34-          Al-Sakhaawi said: “He is Da’eef according to the consensus of Muhadditheen”
[Fath ul-Mugheeth: 4/360]

35-          Jalaal ud-Deen Suyooti said: “He is Matrook”
[Al-Aali al-Masnoo’ah fil ahadeeth al-Mawdoo’ah: 2/344]

36-          Al-Shawkaani said: “He is Da’eef”
[Nayl al-Awtaar: 1/328]

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee said: “He is Thiqah in Hadeeth”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/357, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “I looked deep into his narrations and investigated every single of them, and I did not find any Munkar narration in them…. And he is among those whose narrations are written down. Ash-Shaafi’ee and Ibn al-Asbahaani etc have authenticated him”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/367]

Conclusion:

Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Abi Yahya is Kadh-dhaab and Matrook in hadeeth

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