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Friday, January 4, 2013

Aa'idh bin Habeeb bin al-Malaah al-Absi (Thiqah)



عائذ بن حبيب بن الملاح العبسي ويقال القرشي مولاهم أبو أحمد ويقال أبو هشام الكوفي بياع الهروي وأخو الربيع.

Name: Aa’idh bin Habeeb bin al-Malaah al-Absi, and it is said, Al-Qurashi, their client, Abu Ahmed, and it is said, Abu Hishaam, al-Koofi Bayyaa’ al-Harawi, and he is the brother of Ar-Rabee’
Tabaqah: 9 – One of the minor Taba Taabi’een
Narrated from him: Nasaa’ee and ibn Maajah (from the books of Sihaah Sittah)
Status: Thiqah
Praises:
1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal was asked about Aa’idh so he replied: “There is nothing wrong in him” [Al-Illal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal: 2/361 # 2602].
2-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi said: “He is Sudooq in Hadeeth” [Ad-Du’afa by Abi Zur’ah: 332].
3-    Muhammad bin Taahir al-Maqdisi, Ibn al-Qaysaraani said: “Aa’idh is Thiqah” [Dhakheerat ul-Huffaadh: 5/2526].
4-    Imaam ad-Dauri said, I heard Yahya ibn Ma’een saying: Aa’idh bin Habeeb is Thiqah” [Taareekh Ibn Ma’een narrated by Ad-Dauri: 3/501]
5-    Imaam Ibn Shaaheen al-Baghdaadi said: “Ar-Rabee’ bin Habeeb is the Brother of Aa’idh bin Habeeb, and they both are Thiqah” [Taareekh Asmaa ath-Thiqaat: 356].
6-    Imaam Muhammad ibn Sa’d said: “He is Thiqah” [Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 6/366]
7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in his book of Thiqah narrators [Thiqaat: 10156].
8-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah narrated from him in his Saheeh [2/270].
9-    Imaam Haakim al-Neesaaboori authenticated his hadeeth by saying: “Haadha Hadeethun Saheeh ul-Isnaad” [Mustadrak al-Haakim: 2/678]
10-          Imaam Zaya al-Maqdisi authenticated many of his ahadeeth by saying: “Isnaaduhu Saheehun” [Al-Mustakhraj min al-Ahadeeth al-Mukhtaarah: H # 621, 622, 2033]
11-          Imaam Ibn Adee said: “Aa’idh narrated some narrations from Hishaam bin Urwah in which he opposed others (Ankarat) and all (other) ahadeeth of his are Mustaqeem (straight - good)” [Al-Kaamil: 7/63].
12-          Abu Ya’la Ubaydullah bin Ali Al-Baghdaadi al-Hanbali said: “Ar-Rabee’ bin Habeeb is the brother of Aa’idh bin Habeeb they both are Thiqah altogether.” [Tajreed al-Asmaa wal Kuni: 1/202]
13-          Haafidh al-Haythami graded his hadeeth by saying: “All its narrators have been praised (Mawthaqoon)” [Majma az-Zawaaid: 1/281]
From the Contemporaries:
14-          Shaikh Albaani authenticated his hadeeth by saying: “Isnaaduhu Jayyid” [Ta’leeq Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah: 2/270]
Shaikh Albaani narrated a hadeeth from Aa’idh in Silsilah as-Saheehah and said: “I say, This chain is Saheeh and its narrators are Thiqaat” [3050].
15-          Shaikh Abdul Azeez bin Abdullah bin Baaz authentic his hadeeth by saying: “Its chain is Hasan” [Haashiah Buloogh ul-Maraam: 125].
16-          Shaikh Ubaydullah Rehmaani Al-Mubaarakpoori – the author of Mir’aat ul-Mafateeh Sharh Mishkaat ul-Masaabeeh graded the hadeeth of Aa’idh to be “Hasan Jayyid” and then he narrated the praises of other scholars concerning him. [Mir’aat: 2/154]
17-          Shaikh Abdul Azeez bin Abdullah bin Abdur Rahmaan al-Rajihi said: “Aa’idh ibn Habeeb Abu Ahmed al-Absi, the teacher of Imaam Ahmed, is Thiqah” [Sharh Jaami at-Tirmidhi by Shaikh Ar-Rajihi: 6/16]
18-          Shaikh Ahmed Shaakir authenticated his hadeeth by saying: “Its chain is Saheeh” [Tahqeeq al-Musnad: 2/162]

19-          Shaikh Shu’ayb al-Aranout authenticated his hadeeth by saying: “Its chain is Hasan” [Tahqeeq al-Ahmed: 872]
20-          Shaikh Irshaad ul-Haqq Athari authenticated his hadeeth by saying: “Its chain is Saheeh” [Tahqeeq Musnad Abi Ya’la: 1/208 H. 360]
21-          Husain Saleem Asad authenticated his hadeeth by saying: “Its chain is Strong” [Tahqeeq Musnad Abi Ya’la: 1/300 H. 365].
Note: Authentication of the chain is the authentication of all the narrators present in that chain.
Criticisms:
A very few Scholars have criticized him just because of his being a Shi’aa, but it is established in the principles of hadeeth that the narration of Shi’aa does not affect the authenticity of a hadeeth as long as the narrator is reliable. Shi’aa in the terminology of Mutaqaddimeen (early scholars) means the one who gives preference to Ali over Uthmaan, and says that in their wars, Ali was on the right path while Uthmaan was mistaken. And some of them believed that Ali possessed the highest rank among the Sahaabah after the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). Such is a person who was deemed Shi’aa by the early Scholars; the narrations of such person are acceptable, unlike the later Scholars who deemed Shi’aa to be the one who maligns Sahaabah [Raafidah] whose narrations are not acceptable at all. [See: Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 1/81; Hadi us-Saari: 1/460]. Thus, the accusation of being a Shi’aa on Aa’idh does not drop him from the level of Ihtijaaj.
Moreover, Haafidh Ibn Hajar has graded him to be Weak in Ithaaf al-Maharah (13473).
This criticism of Ibn Hajar is not accepted, as it goes the vast majority of Muhadditheen who deemed him Thiqah and Sudooq in Hadeeth.
Conclusion:
Aa’idh bin Habeeb is Thiqah.

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