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Tuesday, January 8, 2013

Ismaa’eel bin Raafi’ bin Uwaymar Abu Raafi’ al-Madani





Name:

إسماعيل بن رافع بن عويمر ، و يقال ابن أبى عويمر الأنصارى و يقال المزنى مولاهم ، أبو رافع القاص المدنى


Ismaa’eel bin Raafi’ bin Uwaymar, and it is said Ibn Abi Uwaymar, al-Ansaari, and it is said al-Muzani their servant, Abu Raafi’ al-Qaas al-Madani

Tabaqah: 7 – from the Major Taba Taabi’een

Death: At About 150 H

Narrated by: Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad – Tirmidhi – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi Layla, Muhammad bin Ka’b, Sa’eed al-Maqburi and others

Students: Baqiyyah bin al-Waleed, Ismaa’eel bin Ayyaash, Abu Aasim ad-Dahhaak  al-Nabeel, Abdur Rahmaan bin Muhammad al-Muhaarbi, Makki Ibraaheem, Wakee’ ibn al-Jarraah and others.

Status: Matrook ul-Hadeeth

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[Su’alaat Ibn al-Junayd: 1/486]

He also said: “He is nothing”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een narrated by Ad-Dauri: 245]

2-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “He is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 1/452, Chain Hasan]

3-    Imaam Amr bin Ali al-Fallaas said: “I never heard Yahya (al-Qattaan) and Abdur Rahmaan (ibn Mahdi) narrating anything from Ismaa’eel bin Raafi’”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 1/77 T. 83; Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/169]

4-    Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “He is Katheer ul-Hadeeth, Da’eef”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 279]

5-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is Munkar ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/169]

6-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “All his ahadeeth have something fishy in them (Feehi Nadhar) except that his narrations are written down among the group of weak narrators”
[Al-Kaamil: 1/454]

7-    Imaam Nasaa’ee said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen: 1/16]

8-    Imaam Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in Taareekh Asmaa ad-Du’afa wal Kadh-dhaabeen [1/51]

9-    Imaam al-Ukaylee mentioned him among the weak narrators
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer: 1/77]

10-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan said: “He is a pious person except that he would alter the narrations, until his hadeeth got dominated with Manakeer which cast doubt in heart…”
[Al-Majroheen: 42]

11-          Imaam Abu al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni said: “He is Matrook”
[Su’alaat al-Barqaani li’d-Daaraqutni: 9]

12-          Imaam Khateeb al-Baghdaadi said: “He is Da’eef”
[Al-Muttafaq al-Muftaraq: 1/404]

13-          Imaam Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen [1/111-112]

14-          Muhammad bin Taahir al-Maqdisi said: “He is Matrook”
[Dhakheerat al-Huffaadh: 2784]

15-          Haafidh Noor ud-Deen al-Haythami said: “He is Matrook”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 7/159]

He also said: “The Jumhoor Aimmah have weakened him”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 8/61, 8/197]

16-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “He is Da’eef Waah (wasted)”
[Al-Kaashif: 372]

Dhahabi also said: “He has severely been criticized”
[Al-Mughni fi ad-Du’afa: 651]

He also said: “He is Matrook ul-Hadeeth”
[Deewaan ad-Du’afa: 398]

17-          Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin said: “He has been weakened”
[Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj: 662]

18-          Allaamah al-Busayri graded a hadeeth saying: “It is weak because of the weakness of Ismaa’eel bin Raafi’”
[Itthaaf al-Khayrah: 3/197, 7/137]

He also said: “He is weak with consensus”
[Misbaah uz-Zajaajah: 1/99]

He also said: “Ismaa’eel bin Raafi’ is Da’eef Matrook”
[Misbaah uz-Zajaajah: 1/157]

19-          Haafidh Ibn Naasir ud-Deen said: “He is Da’eef”
[Tozeeh al-Mushtabah: 2/303]

20-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “He is Da’eef in memory”
[Taqreeb: 442]

21-          Jalaal ud-Deen as-Suyooti said: “He is one of the weak narrators”
[Al-Aali al-Masnoo’ah: 2/35]

22-          ‘Alaa ud-Deen al-Muttaqi al-Hanafi said: “Ismaa’eel bin Raafi is Matrook”
[Kanz ul-Ummaal: 24384]


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