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Tuesday, January 8, 2013

Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah bin Waqqaas al-Laythi



Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah bin Waqqaas al-Laythi

Name:
مُحَمَّد بن عمرو بن علقمة بن وقاص الليثي أَبُو عَبْد اللَّهِ المدني

Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah bin Waqqaas al-Laythi, Abu Abdullah al-Madani

Tabaqah: 6 – From the contemporaries of Minor Taabi’een

Death: 145 H

Narrated by: Bukhaari – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Saalim bin Abdullah bin Umar, Amr bin Alqamah bin Waqqaas, Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin al-Haarith at-Taymee, Naafi’ Slave of Ibn Umar, Abdur Rahmaan bin Hurmuz al-A’raj and many others.

Students: Abu Usaamah Hammaad bin Usaamah, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Abdullah bin Numayr, Abdul Azeez bin Muhammad ad-Daraawardi, Maalik bin Anas, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan, Abu Bakr bin Ayyaash and many others

Status: Thiqah Sudooq, Hasan ul-Hadeeth

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

1-    Imaam Ali ibn al-Madeeni said: “He is Thiqah”
[Suwa’laat Ibn Abi Shaybah: 94]

2-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is Thiqah; Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan and others have narrated from him”
[Suwa’laat Ibn Tahmaan: 24]

3-    Imaam Bukhaari and Muslim have narrated from him.

Haafidh al-Iraaqi said: “Muslim took evidence from him”
[Sharh Sunan Tirmidhi: P. 174]

Haafidh al-Mizzi said: “Bukhaari narrated from him with a support of another narrator (Maqroonan)”
[Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 26/218]

4-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is Saalih al-Hadeeth, write his narrations, he is a Shaykh”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 138]

5-    Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee al-Jarjaani said: “His hadeeth is Saalih, a group of Thiqah narrators have narrated from him… and I think there is nothing wrong in him”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 3/78]

6-    Imaam Tirmidhi authenticated his hadeeth saying: “This hadeeth is Hasan Saheeh”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 3236, 3245, 3280, 3292… etc]

Imaam Tirmidhi also said about one of his hadeeth that: “This hadeeth is Hasan Ghareeb (i.e. not narrated from any other route except this one)”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 3550, 3611, 3750…. etc]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him ath-Thiqaat and said: “Makes Mistakes” [7/377]

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan also narrated a lot of narrations from him in his Saheeh as evidence
[See, H # 287, 2786… etc]

8-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah narrated many narrations from him as evidence in his Saheeh (Ibn Khuzaymah)
[See, H. 50, 1184, 1224, 1697… etc]

9-    Imaam Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him among the Thiqah narrators
[Thiqaat: 1207]

10-          Imaam al-Haakim authenticated his hadeeth saying: “This hadeeth is Saheeh upon the condition of Muslim”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: 2704]

He also said about another narration of Al-Laythi: “This hadeeth is Saheeh ul-Isnaad”
[Mustadrak: 3136]

11-          Imaam Zaya al-Maqdisi narrated narrations from him as evidence in al-Mukhtaarah

12-          Imaam Abu Awaanah narrated several ahadeeth from him in al-Mustakhraj (which contains all Saheeh narrations according to him) as evidence.
[See, H. 3889, 4636, 6364… etc]

13-          Imaam ad-Daaraqutni authenticated many of his narrations in Ilal ad-Daaraqutni
[See: H. 1239, 8/243, 10/235…. etc]

14-          Haafidh Ibn Abdil Barr said: “He (Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah) is nothing but one of the Thiqah Shuyookh according to him (i.e. Imaam Maalik)”
[Al-Tamheed: 13/48]

15-          Haafidh al-Busayri said about a hadeeth of Al-Laythi that: “Its chain is Saheeh and all the narrators are Thiqaat”
[Misbaah uz-Zajaajah: 1/121]

16-          Haafidh al-Iraaqi narrates from Haafidh Ibn as-Salaah that he said: “…And because of that, his hadeeth is of the level of Hasan”
[Sharh al-Tabsirah wal-Tadhkirah: 1/160]

17-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “He is a Famous Shaykh, Hasan ul-Hadeeth”
[Meezaan al-I’tidaal: 8015]

Dhahabi also said: “He is al-Imaam al-Muhaddith al-Sadooq… and his hadeeth comes in the level of Hasan”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 6/136]

Imaam Dhahabi also mentioned him in his book “Man Takallam Feehi Wahuwa Mawthaq (Those who are criticized but they are reliable)” [1/165]

18-          Haafidh Noor ud-Deen al-Haythami said: “He is Thiqah Hasan ul-Hadeeth”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 1118]

19-          Abu Muhammad Afeef ud-Deen al-Yaafi’ee (D. 768) said: “He (Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah al-Laythi) is Hasan ul-Hadeeth, Katheer ul-Ilm, Mash-hoor (Famous), Bukhaari narrated from him”
[Miraat ul-Janaan: 1/236]

20-          Haafidh Khaleel bin Aybak as-Safdi said: “He is one of the Scholars of Hadeeth”
[Al-Waafi: 4/202]

21-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “He is Sudooq, makes mistakes”
[Taqreeb]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said about a narration of al-Laythi that: “Nasaa’ee narrated it with chain Hasan, it contains Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah, Ibn as-Sakan and al-Haakim have authenticated it”
[Talkhees al-Habeer: 1/446]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar further said: “He is Sudooq, there is something in his memory, and his hadeeth is of the level of Hasan”
[In his answers that are found at the end of Mishkaat: 3/310]

Jaariheen:

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “People abstain from his hadeeth, it was said to him, and what is that defect (in him, because of which people abstain from his hadeeth)? He replied: He narrates something from Abu Salamah at one time from his raye, then he narrates it the other time from Abu Salamah from Abu Hurayrah”
[Taareekh Ibn Abi Khaythamah: 3143]

In this saying, Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een is only narrating the view of what the people think about him. This is a not a Jarh from him on Muhammad bin Amr. On the contrary, more than one of the students of Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een has narrated the Tawtheeq of Muhammad bin Amr from him.
See, Su’alaat Ibn Tahmaan (24), Su’alaat Ibn Muhriz (507), Al-Kaamil (3/78).

2-    Ibraaheem bin Ya’qoob as-Sa’di al-Juzjaani said: “He is not strong in hadeeth”
[Ahwaal ur-Rijaal: 244]

3-    Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “Katheer ul-Hadeeth, weak”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 9/228]

4-    Ibn al-Jawzee weakened him in Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen.

Conclusion:

The Jamhoor has done the Tawtheeq of Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah bin Waqqaas al-Laythi; therefore, he is as the Jamhoor said: “Sadooq Hasan ul-Hadeeth”.


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