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Thursday, January 3, 2013

Hammaad bin Salamah bin Deenaar al-Basari, Abu Salamah (Thiqah Haafidh, Mukhtalat))

Hammaad bin Salamah

Name: Hammaad bin Salamah bin Deenaar al-Basari, Abu Salamah bin Abi Sakhrah (The nephew of the famous Taabi’ee, Humayd at-Ta’weel)

Tabaqah: 8 – From the Middle level of Taba’ Taabi’een

Death: 167 H

Narrations narrated by: Bukhaari in Ta’leeq form – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah etc

Teachers: Anas bin Sireen, Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaani, Thaabit al-Bunaani, Humayd at-Ta’weel, Dawood bin Abi Hind, Rabee’ah bin Abi Abdur Rahmaan, Simaak bin Harb, Salamah bin Kuhayl, Salamah bin Deenaar, Abdul Malik bin Abdul Azeez bin Jurayj, Ataa bin as-Saaib, Muhammad bin Ishaaq bin Yasaar, Hishaam bin Urwah, and a lot of Taabi’een

Students: Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan, Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi, Abdullah bin Mubaarak, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Ibn Jurayj, Abu Nu’aym al-Fadl bin Dukayn, Maalik bin Anas, Wakee bin al-Jarraah, Yazeed bin Haaroon and many others.

1-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj has narrated several narrations from Hammaad bin Salamah in his Saheeh.
[See, H # 59, 119, 162, 181, 187, 192, 203, 212, 302, 382, 427, 527, 580, 640, 647, 649, 677, 683, 895, 927, 998, 1161, 1401, 1365, 1451, 1479, 1717, 1722, 1723, 1779, 1780, 1784, 1789, 1791, 1805, 1808, 1809, 1821, 1880, 1894, 1908, 2008, 2034, 2037, 2095, 2139, 2144, 2174, 2270, 2312, 2326, 2353, 2363, 2375, 2379, 2456, 2470, 2472, 2504, 2567, 2569, 2611, 2615, 2623, 2715, 2730, 2736, 2758, 2771, 2807, 2822, 2833, 2836, 2862, 2874, 2943, 2953, 3005, etc]

This proves that Hammaad bin Salamah is Thiqah according to Imaam Muslim and the Ijmaa of Muhadditheen on Saheeh Muslim also proves that he is Thiqah according to all those Muhadditheen.

Imaam Muslim also said: “The best (Athbat) of all people in narrating from Thaabit al-Bunaani is Hammaad bin Salamah”
[Al-Tamiyeez by Muslim: 1/217]

2-    Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah narrated from him in his Saheeh at the following places:
[H # 63, 189, 338, 400, 430, 466, 512, 535, 775, 830, 878, 879, 1017, 1084, 1161, 1224, 1322, 1480, 1629, 2469, 2552, 2558, 2644, 2652, 2653, 2720, 2734 etc]

This proves that Hammaad bin Salamah is Thiqah according to Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah.

3-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan narrated from him in his Saheeh at the following places:
[H # 14, 22, 50, 54, 83, 91, 95, 109, 142, 189, 194, 237, 257, 269, 328, 475, 510, 513, 534, 625, 631, 632, 665, 716, 718, 742, 752, 753, 779, 782, 783, 797, 827, 859, 869, 873, 901, 915, 938, 944, and many others]

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan also praised him highly in Ath-Thiqaat [7434]

4-    Imaam Tirmidhi authenticated the hadeeth of Hammaad bin Salamah saying: “This hadeeth is Hasan Saheeh Ghareeb”
[See, Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 72, 1616 etc also see H. 307, 1238… etc]

5-    Imaam Haakim al-Neesaaboori has authenticated many narrations of Hammaad bin Salamah to be on the conditions of Saheeh Muslim or both Saheehayn
[See, Mustadrak al-Haakim, H # 67, 71, 99, 105, 133, 203, 320, 366, 490, 504, 621 and many others; and Dhahabi has followed him in these rulings]

He also said about a narration which included Hammaad bin Salamah as a narrator that: “All its narrators are Thabat and Thiqah”
[Mustadrak Al-Haakim: 320]

6-    Imaam Ibn al-Jaarood authenticated many of his narrations
[See, Al-Muntaqa: 46, 107, 124…. etc]

7-    Imaam Ali ibn al-Madeeni said: “There is no one among the companions of Thaabit more Athbat (established/precise) than Hammaad bin Salamah”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 623, Chain Saheeh]

8-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een was asked: “Who is more beloved to you in narrating from Thaabit: Sulemaan bin al-Mugheerah or Hammaad bin Salamah?” So he replied: “Both of them are Thiqah Thabat, and Hammaad is more knowledgeable of Thaabit’s narrations than Sulemaan, and Sulemaan is (also) Thiqah”
[Su’alaat Ibn al-Junayd: 1/316]

Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een also said: “Hammaad bin Salamah is Thiqah”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een by Ad-Daarimi (37) & Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 623]

9-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “Hammaad bin Salamah is the best (Athbat) of all people in narrating from Thaabit al-Bunaani”
[Al-Ilal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal: 2/131]

He also said: “Hammaad bin Salamah is Thiqah according to us”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 3/39]

He also said: “Hammaad bin Salamah is the best (Athbat) of all people in narrating from Humayd at-Ta’weel; he heard from him earlier (than his Ikhtilaat)”
[Al-Kaamil: 3/43, Chain Hasan]

10-          Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “Hammaad bin Salamah is Thiqah, Katheer ul-Hadeeth…”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 7/282]

11-          Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “Hammaad bin Salamah is more beloved to me in narrating from Thaabit and Ali bin Zayd than Hammaam; he (Ibn Salamah) is the most precise (Azbat) person among all men, and he knows both of their ahadeeth better among the mistakes of other people. And he is more knowledgeable of the hadeeth of Ali bin Zayd than Abdul Waarith…”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 623]

12-          Imaam Ibn Adee said: “He is from the Aimmah of Muslims, and he is as Ali ibn al-Madeeni said that anyone who criticizes Hammaad bin Salamah then accuse his Islaam”
[Al-Kaamil: 3/64]

13-          Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Faarsi or Hajjaaj (bin Minhaal) said: “He is Thiqah”
[Kitaab al-Ma’rifat wal Taareekh: 2/661]

14-          Imaam Abu al-Hasan ad-Daaraqutni said: “Hammaad bin Salamah is the best (Athbat) of all people in the hadeeth of Thaabit”
[Al-Ilal ad-Daaraqutni: 4/22]

15-          Imaam al-Ijlee said: “He is Basari, Thiqah, a righteous man, Hasan ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Taareekh al-Ijlee bi-Tarteeb Al-Haythami wa al-Subki: 354]

16-          Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen declared him “Thiqah”
[Dhikr man Akhtalaf al-Ulama: P. 41]

17-          Imaam Zakariyyah bin Yahya as-Saaji said: “He is Haafidh Thiqah Ma’moon”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 3/15]

18-          Affaan bin Muslim (the student of Imaam Hammaad bin Salamah) said: “I have seen a person who is bigger worshipper than Hammaad bin Salamah; but I have not see anyone more careful and continuous over doing good (Khayr), and the recitation of the Qur’aan, and to act for the sake of Allaah than Hammaad bin Salamah”
[Hilyat al-Awliyaa: 6/250, Chain Hasan]

19-          Imaam adh-Dhahabi said: “He is al-Imaam al-Haafidh Shaykh ul-Islaam”
[Tadhkirat ul-Huffaadh: 1/202]

He also said: “And his Hadeeth does not drop from the level of Hasan”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 7/446]

He also said: “The one who accuses Hammaad has accused Islaam”
[Taareekh al-Islaam: 4/342]

He also said: “Hammaad bin Salamah is a Thiqah Imaam; he errs just like others do”
[Deewaan ad-Du’afa: 1118]

20-          Haafidh Ibn Hajr al-Asqalaani said: “He is Thiqah Aabid, the best (Athbat) of all people in narrating from Thaabit; his memory got deteriorated at the end”
[Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb: 1499]

21-          Jalaal ud-Deen as-Suyooti authenticated the narrators of a hadeeth which also contained Imaam Hammaad bin Salamah
[Al-Baahir fi Hukm an-Nabi Bil Baatil wa’dh-Dhaahir: P. 51, Urdu Trans.]

Hammaad bin Salamah and Ikhtilaat

It is proven that Hammaad bin Salamah was afflicted with deterioration in his memory as he grew old. Thus, his ahaadeeth which he narrated after his Ikhtilaat are not authentic.

1-    Imaam Abu Bakr al-Bayhaqi said: “The memory of Hammaad bin Salamah got weak at the end of his age”
[Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 4/158]

2-    Sabt Ibn al-Ajmi mentioned him among the Mukhtalat narrators
[Al-Ightibaat biman rami min ar-Ruwat bil Ikhtilaat: 28]

3-    Ibn Hajr also said that his memory got deteriorated at the end
[Taqreeb: 1499]

The following people are known to have narrated from Hammaad before his Ikhtilaat as their narrations are narrated in Saheeh Muslim. Therefore, their narrations from Hammaad are authentic.

1-    Affaan bin Muslim – Saheeh Muslim (187, 203, 212, 527… etc)
2-    Al-Hasan bin Moosa al-Ashayb – Saheeh Muslim (119, 895)
3-    Shaybaan bin Farokh al-Aylee / Shaybaan bin Abi Shaybah – Saheeh Muslim (162)
4-    Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi – Saheeh Muslim (181, 302)
5-    Yazeed bin Haaroon – Saheeh Muslim (181)
6-    Haddaab bin Khaalid al-Azdi – Saheeh Muslim (192)
7-    Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan – Saheeh Muslim (382)
8-    Yoonus bin Muhammad bin Muslim al-Baghdaadi – Saheeh Muslim (580)
9-    Bahz bin Asad al-Ammi – Saheeh Muslim (640)
10-          Suwayd bin Amr al-Kalbi – Saheeh Muslim (647)
11-          Sulemaan bin Harb – Saheeh Muslim (683)
12-          Bishr bin as-Sari – Saheeh Muslim (1451)
13-          Hibbaan bin Hilaal – Saheeh Muslim (1722)
14-          Abu Zakariyyah Yahya bin Hassan – Saheeh Muslim (1780)
15-          Abdullah bin Muslamah bin Qa’nab al-Qa’nabi – Saheeh Muslim (1791)
16-          Abdul A’la bin Hammaad – Saheeh Muslim (2144)
17-          Rooh bin Ubaadah al-Qaysi – Saheeh Muslim (2353)
18-          Aswad bin Aamir – Saheeh Muslim (2363)
19-          Ishaaq bin Umar bin Saleet – Saheeh Muslim (2472)
20-          Abu Uthmaan Sa’eed bin Abdul Jabbaar al-Basari – Saheeh Muslim (2833)

The narrations of Mukhtalat narrators in Saheehayn are a proof that these narrations are from before the Ikhtilaat

[See: Muqaddimah Ibn as-Salaah (P. 466); Sharh Al-Nawawi Ala Saheeh Muslim (P. 14); Muqaddimah Fath ul-Baari (P. 459, 470); Fath ul-Mugheeth (P. 486, 488); Tahdheeb al-Asmaa (1/221) etc]

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