Pages

Monday, January 21, 2013

Sa’d bin Sa’eed bin Qays al-Ansaari




Name:
سعد بن سعيد بن قيس بن عمرو الأنصارى المدنى ( أخو يحيى بن سعيد ، و عبد ربه بن سعيد )

Sa’d bin Sa’eed bin Qays bin Amr al-Ansaari al-Madani (the Brother of Yahya bin Sa’eed, and Abd Rabbih bin Sa’eed)

Tabaqah: 4 – From the Level next to the Middle Level of Taabi’een

Death: 141 H

Narrated by: Bukhaari in Ta’leeq form – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Anas bin Maalik, Urwah bin az-Zubayr, Saa’ib bin Yazeed, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri and others.

Students: Hafs bin Ghiyaath, Hammaad bin Usaamah, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Sufyaan ibn Uyaynah, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak, Abdullah bin Numayr, Abdul Azeez bin Muhammad ad-Daraawardi, Ibn Jurayj, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Ansaari and others.

Status: Thiqah, Hasan ul-Hadeeth

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj has narrated from him
[See, Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 10/263]

And it is known that Imaam Shu’bah mostly only narrated from Thiqah people according to him.

Imaam Dhahabi said: “The teachers of Shu’bah are Jayyaad”
[Meezaan: 4504]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said while explaining his methodology in Tahdheeb that:

“If it has been proven from the conditions of a narrator that he does not narrate except from Thiqah, then I have mentioned the names of all his Shuyookh or most of them (in Tahdheeb), such as Shu’bah, Maalik and others.”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 1/5]

When Imaam Azdi declared Abu Sadaqah Tawbah bin Abdullah to be “La Yuhtajju Bihi”, Imaam Dhahabi said while refuting him: “I say, He is Thiqah, for Shu’bah has narrated from him”
[Meezaan: 3611]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said about this saying of Imaam Dhahabi that: “I read the writing of Dhahabi (in which he said) he is rather Thiqah for Shu’bah has narrated from him; and the narration of Shu’bah from him is his Tawtheeq”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 5161]

Note: Since there is no Jarh from Imaam Shu’bah on Ajlah as compared to his narration from him, we can conclude that Ajlah is Thiqah according to Imaam Shu’bah.

2-    Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “He is Thiqah Qaleel ul-Hadeeth”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 1/338]

3-    Imaam Muslim took evidence from him in his Saheeh
[H. 758, 783, 918, 1140, 1164, 2040 etc…]

4-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: “He is Thiqah”
[Thiqaat by al-Ijlee: 1/179]

5-    Imaam Tirmidhi has authenticated his hadeeth saying, “This hadeeth is Hasan Saheeh”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 759]

Imaam Tirmidhi also said: “Some people of hadeeth have criticized him because of his memory”
[Same]

Note: There is no contradiction between the two. Imaam Tirmidhi explained his view about Sa’d by authenticating his hadeeth, while in the second saying, he narrated what some of the other people think about him.

6-    Imaam Ibn Adee said: “Sa’d bin Sa’eed has Saalih narrations close to being straight, and I do not see any wrong with the quantity (of narrations) he has narrated”
[Al-Kaamil: 4/389]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him among the Thiqah narrators and said: “He makes mistakes” and “He does not commit grave mistakes…”
[Ath-Thiqaat: 2998, 8189]

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan also authenticated his hadeeth by narrating from him in his Saheeh
[H. 1788, 4465]

8-    Imaam Abu Awaanah authenticated his hadeeth in his Saheeh
[Al-Mustakhraj: H. 377, 378, 2696, 2698, 2699, 2700, 2913, 2914]

9-    Imaam al-Haakim authenticated his hadeeth to be on the conditions of Saheeh Muslim
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: 435]

10-          Imaam Ibn al-Jaarood authenticated his hadeeth in al-Muntaqa
[H. 551]

11-          Haafidh Bayhaqi authenticated his hadeeth saying, “This hadeeth is Thaabit Saheeh”
[Ma’rifat us-Sunan wal Athaar: 6/379]

12-          Imaam Abu Nu’aym al-Asbahaani took evidence from him in his Saheeh
[Musnad al-Mustakhraj: H. 1726, 1779, 2056, 2057, 2589, 2653, 2654]

13-          Haafidh al-Baghawi authenticated his hadeeth saying, “This hadeeth is Saheeh, Muslim narrated it through the route of Ibn Numayr from his father from Sa’d bin Sa’eed”
[Sharh us-Sunnah: 937; also see, 1462, 1463, 1780, 3087]

14-          Imaam an-Nawawi said: “The Majority has declared him Thiqah, and Muslim narrated from him in his Saheeh and this is sufficient in taking evidence from him”
[Al-Majmoo Sharh al-Muhadhdhab: 5/300]

15-          Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin refuted the Jarh on Sa’d bin Sa’eed and said: “As for the criticism with regard to Sa’d bin Sa’eed then it is not correct, for verily although he has been criticized, (Imaam) Muslim has narrated from him in his Saheeh taking evidence from him…”
[Al-Badar al-Muneer: 3/267]

Ibn al-Mulaqqin also said: “The dispute about him is famous, but in fact the Majority has done his Tawtheeq”
[Khulaasah al-Badar al-Muneer: 2/99 H. 1623]

16-          Husayn bin Ibraaheem al-Jurqaani authenticated his hadeeth
[See, Al-Abaateel wal Manaakeer: 1/220, 2/115]

17-          Al-Busayri authenticated his hadeeth saying, “This chain is Saheeh, its narrators are Thiqaat, (as for) Sa’d bin Sa’eed, he is the brother of Yahya bin Sa’eed; evidence is taken from him”
[Misbaah uz-Zajaajah: 4/82]

18-          Haafidh Ibn Katheer authenticated his hadeeth saying, “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Jaami al-Masaaneed wal Sunan: 3/253 H. 3677]

19-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “He is Hasan ul-Hadeeth Taabi’ee”
[Al-Mughni: 2340]

He also said: “He is one of the Thiqah narrators”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 5/482]

He also mentioned him in “Man Takallam Feehi Wahuwa Mawthaq”
[1/83]

20-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar authenticated his hadeeth saying, “It is narrated by Abu Dawood with a chain that fulfills the conditions of (Imaam) Muslim”
[Buloogh al-Maraam by Ibn Hajar: 575]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “He is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Ilal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal: 1/513]

2-    Imaam Nasaa’ee said: “Sa’d bin Sa’eed is Da’eef”
[Sunan al-Kubra lil Nasaa’ee: H. 2877]

He also said: “He is not strong”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen: 1/53]

3-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is Mu’addi” – Imaam Ibn Abi Haatim said that it means, he is not a memorizer
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 4/84]

4-    Imaam ad-Daaraqutni mentioned him in Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[2/156]

5-    Haafidh Ibn Hazm said: “He is severely weak, evidence is not taken from him”
[Al-Muhalla: 11/251]

6-    Haafidh Abdul Haqq al-Ashbaylee said: “Sa’d bin Sa’eed is Da’eef, Abu Haatim and Nasaa’ee have weakened him”
[Al-Ahkaam al-Kubra: 2/392]

7-    Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[1/311]

8-    Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “He is Sadooq, weak in memory”
[Taqreeb]

Note: Based on the authentication of Ibn Hajar of a chain containing Sa’d as mentioned above (Sayings of Praise # 20), we can say that “weak in memory” by Ibn Hajar here does not mean weak altogether, but at least Hasan.

Conclusion:

Thus Sa'd bin Sa'eed al-Ansaari is proven to be Thiqah, Sadooq, and Hasan ul-Hadeeth according to the Jumhoor.

No comments:

Post a Comment