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Saturday, January 5, 2013

Ali bin Zayd bin Jud’aan, Abu al-Hasan al-Basari


Name:
عَلِيُّ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ جُدْعَانَ، هُوَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جُدْعَانَ، أَبُو الْحَسَنِ الْقُرَشِيُّ التَّيْمِيُّ الْبَصْرِيُّ الضَّرِيرُ

Ali bin Zayd bin Jud’aan – Ali bin Zayd bin Abi Mulaykah bin Abdullah bin Jud’aan, Abu al-Hasan al-Qurashi at-Taymee al-Basari ad-Dareer

Tabaqah: 4 – Next to the Taabi’een of Middle Level

Death: 131 and it is said even before that – In Basrah.

Narrated by: Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad – Muslim Maqroonan (narrated as a support not as evidence) – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Anas bin Maalik, Hasan al-Basari, Saalim bin Abdullah bin Umar, Sa’eed ibn al-Musayyab, Urwah bin az-Zubayr, Ali bin al-Husayn bin Ali bin Abi Taalib, Umar bin Abdul Azeez, Thaabit bin Aslam al-Bunaani, Shahr bin Hawshab and many others.

Students: Hammaad bin Salamah, Zaa’idah bin Qudaamah, Sa’eed bin Abi Aroobah, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Sufyaan ibn Uyaynah, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Qataadah bin Da’aamah and many others.

Status: Da’eef according to the Jamhoor

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

1-   Haafidh al-Haythami writes: “The Jamhoor (Majority) has weakened him”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 8/209]

2-   Allaamah Busayri said: “And the Majority (Jamhoor) is upon his being weak”
[Misbaah uz-Zajaajah: 84]

3-   Haafidh Ibn al-Iraaqi said: “The Jamhoor has weakened him”
[Tarh at-Tathreeb by al-Iraaqi: 2/77]

4-   Abu al-Hasan Ibraaheem bin Umar al-Buqaa’ee said: “The Jamhoor (of Muhadditheen) have declared him weak”
[Nazm ad-Darar fi Tanaasub al-Ayaat wal-Soor by al-Buqaa’ee: 4/525]

5-   Haafidh an-Nawawi said: “And he is Da’eef according to the Muhadditheen”
[Tahdheeb al-Asmaa wal Lughaat by Nawawi: 1/344]

Jaariheen:

1-   Haafidh Wuhayb bin Khaalid (D. 165) said: “Ali bin Zayd was not a preserver of Hadeeth”
[Taareekh Ibn Abi Khaythamah: 2/219 H. 5277, Chain Saheeh]

2-   Imaam Hammaad bin Zayd (D. 179) said: “Ali bin Zayd used to narrate a hadeeth to us one day and the other day that hadeeth would not remain the same”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/186]

He also said: “He used to alter the ahadeeth”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 3/330, Chain Saheeh]

3-   Haafidh Yazeed bin Zuray’ (101-182) said: “I saw Ali bin Zayd but did not take any (hadeeth) from him because he was a Raafidi”
[Al-Kaamil fi Du’afa ar-Rijaal by Ibn Adee: 5/196, Chain Hasan]

4-   Imaam Amr bin Ali al-Fallaas (D. 249) said: “Yahya bin Sa’eed (al-Qattaan) used to abstain from the hadeeth of Ali bin Zayd. I once asked him about a hadeeth of Ali; so he read the chain and left it, and he said: ‘Leave him’”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/186, Chain Saheeh]

5-   Abu Ma’mar Ismaa’eel bin Ibraaheem al-Qatee’ee (D. 236) said: “(Imaam Sufyaan) Ibn Uyaynah used to declare Ali bin Zayd bin Jud’aan to be weak”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Ukaylee: 3/229, Chain Saheeh]

6-   Imaam Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj (82-160) said: “He used to turn Mawqoof narrations into Marfoo narrations”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 6/186, Chain Saheeh]

7-   Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said (164-241): “He is not strong; people have narrated from him”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/186, Chain Saheeh]

He also said: “How much they are equal in weakness! We keep full insight over them”
[Suwa’laat Abu Dawood Li-Ahmed bin Hanbal: 152]

8-   Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een (158-233) said that he is a “Weak” narrator
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 6/196, Chain Hasan]

He also said: “He is not Hujjah”
[Taareekh Yahya ibn Ma’een narrated by Ad-Dauri: 4699]

9-   Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi (D. 280) said: “He is not strong”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/187, Chain Saheeh]

10-         Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (195-277) said: “He is not strong; write his narrations but do not take evidence form him; He is more beloved to me than Yazeed bin Abi Ziyaad; he was blind and he was a Shi’aa”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 3/187]

11-         Imaam Nasaa’ee (215-303) said: “He is Weak”
[Sunan Nasaa’ee: 3881]

12-         Imaam Ya’qoob bin Ibraaheem al-Juzjaani (D. 259) said: “He is Waahi ul-Hadeeth (Wasted in Hadeeth), Da’eef, he was strayed away from being Fair (due to being a Shi’aa), evidence is not taken from him”
[Ahwaal ur-Rijaal by Juzjaani: P. 194]

13-         Imaam Ibn Adee (277-365) said: “I did not see anyone from the people of Basrah abstaining from his narration; he was a Ghaali Shi’aa from the people of Basrah; despite his weakness, his narrations is to be written down”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 6/201]

14-         Imaam Ibn Sa’d (168-230) said: “There is weakness in him; evidence is not taken from him”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 7/252]

15-         Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) said: “He was a Great Shaykh; he used to err and make mistakes in narrations until his mistakes became abundant in narrations; and the Munkar narrations became apparent in his narrations which he used to narrate from the famous narrators, consequently he became deserving of  being abandoned in taking evidence from”
[Al-Majroheen by Ibn Hibbaan: 2/301]

16-         Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (223-311) said: “I do not take evidence from him due to his weak memory”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb by Ibn Hajr: 7/323]

17-         Imaam Tirmidhi (209-279) said: “He is Truthful but he sometimes used to narrate the narrations as Marfoo’ which others used to narrate as Mawqoof”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: Under H. 2678]

18-         Imaam ad-Daaraqutni (306-385) declared him “Weak”
[Sunan ad-Daaraqutni: 1/77; Al-Ilal ad-Daaraqutni: 5/346]

19-         Imaam Ibn al-Mundhir (242-319) said: “He is criticized in his hadeeth”
[Al-Awsat by Ibn al-Mundhir: 4/365 H. 2295]

20-         Imaam Bayhaqi (384-458) said: “His hadeeth is not to be taken evidence from”
[Sunan al-Kubra by Bayhaqi: 1/163]

21-         Imaam Ibn Hazm (384-456) said: “He is Severely Weak”
[Al-Muhallah: 10/382 Mas’ala: 2022]

22-         Haafidh Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (691-751) said: “He is Da’eef in hadeeth, evidence is not taken from his hadeeth”
[Zaad al-Ma’aad by Ibn Qayyim (3/266-267) and Al-Manaar al-Maneef by Ibn Qayyim (P. 200)]

23---26- Haafidh Ibn Katheer (700-774) [Tafseer Ibn Katheer: 1/669]; Haafidh Ibn Abdul Haadi (704-744) [Ta’leeq Ala Ilal Ibn Abi Haatim: 18]; Haafidh Ibn Hajr (773-852) [Taqreeb at-Tahdheeb: 4734]; and Allaamah Busayri [Az-Zawaaid: 1/82] have declared Ali bin Zayd to be “Weak” as well.

27- Zayla’ee al-Hanafi (D. 762) narrates from Haafidh Ibn al-Qattaan al-Faasi (562-628) that: “Some people have declared him Thiqah and the remaining have declared him weak. The summary of his matter is that he used to make many narrations Marfoo’ which others used to narrate as Mawqoof; he became Mukhtalat at the end of his age. He was not accused of being a Liar”
[Nasb ur-Raayah: 1/77]

28- Badr ud-Deen Aynee al-Hanafi (762-855) said: “There is criticism in him; evidence is not taken from him”
[Sharh Abi Dawood: 1/174]

Note: Ashraf Ali Thaanvi Deobandi (1280-1336) writes: “There is criticism in him; many have declared him Weak”
[Bawaadir al-Nawaadir: 135]

Mu’addaleen:

1-   Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee (181-261) said: “Write his narrations, and he is not strong; He is a Shi’aa.” And once he said: “There is nothing wrong in him”
[Taareekh al-Thiqaat by Al-Ijlee: 346]

2-   Imaam Tirmidhi said: “Ali bin Zayd is Sudooq, except that he used to narrate the narrations as Marfoo’ which others used to narrate as Mawqoof”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 2678]

Conclusion:

Ali bin Zayd bin Jud’aan is a “Weak, Mukhtalat, and Ghayr Muhtajju Bihi” narrator. No on has explicitly declared him Thiqah.


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