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Friday, January 25, 2013

Suhayl bin Abi Saalih, Abu Yazeed al-Madani




Name:
سهيل بن أبى صالح ، و اسمه ذكوان السمان ، أبو يزيد المدنى ، مولى جويرية بنت الأحمس امرأة من غطفان ، أخو صالح بن أبى صالح ، و عبد الله بن أبى صالح ، و محمد بن أبى صالح

Suhayl bin Abi Saalih, and his (i.e. Abu Saalih’s) name is As-Sammaan, Abu Yazeed al-Madani, the client of Juwayriyyah bint Al-Ahmas a woman from Ghatfaan; he is the brother of Saalih bin Abi Saalih, Abdullah bin Abi Saalih, and Muhammad bin Abi Saalih

Tabaqah: 6 – From the contemporaries of Minor Taabi’een

Death: In the caliphate of al-Mansoor

Narrated by: Bukhaari – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: His Father Abu Saalih as-Sammaan, Rabee’ah bin Abi Abdur Rahmaan, Sa’eed bin al-Musayyab, Sulemaan al-A’mash, Aamir bin Abdullah bin az-Zubayr, Abdullah bin Buraydah, Abdullah bin Deenaar, Ataa bin Yazeed al-Laythi, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Al-Nu’maan bin Abi Ayyaash az-Zuraqi, Abu Ishaaq as-Sabi’ee, Abu al-Hubaab Sa’eed bin Yasaar, Abu Ubayd al-Haajib, Al-Haarith bin Mukhallid al-Ansaari and others

Students: Abu Ishaaq Ibraaheem bin Muhammad al-Fazaari, Ismaa’eel bin Ulayyah, Ismaa’eel bin Ayyaash, Bishr bin al-Mufaddal, Jareer bin Haazim, Jareer bin Abdul Humayd, Hammaad bin Zayd, Hammaad bin Usaamah, Rooh bin al-Qaasim, Sa’eed bin Abdur Rahmaan al-Jumahi, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah, Sulemaan al-A’mash, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Abdullah bin Idrees al-Koofi, Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi az-Zinaad, Abdul Azeez bin Muhammad ad-Daraawardi, Ibn Jurayj, Ubaydullah bin Umar, Maalik bin Anas, Muhammad bin Ajlaan, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Ansaari, Ma’mar bin Raashid, Al-Waddaah Abu Awaanah, and others.

Status: Thiqah, Mukhtalat – His memory got deteriorated in Iraaq thus his hadeeth narrated in Iraaq is not Hujjah.

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

1-    Imaam Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah said: “We considered Suhayl bin Abi Saalih to be Thabat (trustworthy) in Hadeeth”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 523; al-Kaamil: 2/66, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Ali ibn al-Madeeni said: “Abu Saalih had three sons, all of them are Thiqah: Suhayl bin Abi Saalih, Abbaad bin Abi Saalih, and Saalih bin Abi Saalih all of them are Thiqah Thabat”
[Su’aalaat Ibn Abi Shaybah la Ibn al-Madeeni: 1/110-111]

3-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal was asked: “Who is more beloved to you: Suhayl bin Abi Saalih or Muhammad bin Amr bin Alqamah”… He said: “Suhayl is more beloved to me”
[Al-Ilal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal, narrated by his son Abdullah: 3300]

Imaam Ahmed also said about him: “There is nothing wrong in him”
[Al-Ilal, narrated by al-Marwazi: 1/80 T. 107 – Tahqeeq Shaykh Waseeullaah Abbaas al-Makki]

4-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “Abu Saalih as-Sammaan has three sons: Suhayl bin Abi Saalih, Abbaad bin Abi Saalih, and Saalih bin Abi Saalih, all of them are Thiqah”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri: 3/182]

Note: This tawtheeq of Imaam Ibn Ma’een is against his Tad’eef. See; sayings of disparagement (# 2)

5-    Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “He is Thiqah Katheer ul-Hadeeth”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 1/345 T. 255]

6-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan Ahmed bin Abdullah al-Ijlee said: “Suhayl is Thiqah, and his brother Abbaad is (also) Thiqah”
[Thiqaat by al-Ijlee: P. 22]

7-    Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee said: “Suhayl has some manuscripts; the A’immah have narrated from him, and he narrated from his father, and also from a group of people who narrated from his father, and this indicates (towards his sense of) distinction between men; he made distinctions between what he heard from his father and what he heard from him through other than his father, and he is trustworthy (Thabat) according to me, there is nothing wrong in him, his reports are accepted”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 2/66 paraphrased by al-Mizzi in Tahdheeb: 12/227]

8-    Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “He is Thiqah Katheer ul-Hadeeth”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 9/223]

9-    Imaam Muslim narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See Saheeh Muslim: H. 55, 101, 188, 211, 244, 415, 758, 959, 987, 1153, 1339, 1373, 1435, 1505, 1511, 1545, 1650, 1878, 1891, 2063, 2106, 2417, 2623, 2637, 2657, 2718, 2896, 2903, 2968, 2995]

10-          Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in Taareekh Asmaa ath-Thiqaat
[1/108 T. 511]

11-          Imaam at-Tirmidhi authenticated his hadeeth saying, “This hadeeth is Hasan Saheeh which is from the hadeeth of Maalik from Suhayl from his father from Abu Hurayrah…”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 1/6 H. 2

Imaam Tirmidhi also authenticated his hadeeth at the following places in his Sunan: H. 41, 74, 75, 224, 446, 523, 747, 766, 993, 1091, 1224, 1343, 1482, 1530, 1602, 1619, 1623, 1636, 1656, 1703, 1758, 1801, 1819, 1906, 2023, 2554, 2613, 2614, 2700, 2858, 2877, 2899, 3161, 3391, 3432, 3433, 3454, 3469, 3696, 379.

12-          Imaam Abu Bakr Ibn Khuzaymah has narrated from him in his Saheeh
[Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah: H. 4, 27, 162, 453, 985, 1189, 1531, 1873, 1874, 2113, 2253, 2291, 2511, 2571]

13-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan al-Busti mentioned him in Kitaab ath-Thiqaat and said: “He makes mistakes”
[6/417 T. 8369]

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan also took evidence from him in his Saheeh
[See; Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan: H. 129, 148, 162, 166, 191, 364, 365, 424, 446, 750, 783, 964, 965, 995, 1021, 1040, 1151, 1161, 1672, 016, 2360…. And many other places]

14-          Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim said: “Suhayl is one of the pillars of hadeeth; Muslim has narrated a lot from him in Usool and Shawaahid….”

15-          Imaam Abu Ya’la al-Khaleeli said: “He is Thiqah”
[Al-Irshaad: 1/217]

16-          Haafidh Ibn Abdil Barr said: “He is Thiqah”
[Al-Tamheed: 21/236]

17-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “He is Katheer ul-Hadeeth, Thiqah Famous, Maalik and other Major Scholars narrated from him”
[Al-Abar: 1/146]

He also said: “He is al-Imaam al-Muhaddith al-Kabeer as-Saadiq…”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 6/170]

Haafidh Dhahabi also added him in “Man Takallam Feehi Wahuwa Mawthaq”
[1/96 T. 151]

18-          Ibn al-Ammaad al-Hanbali also said: “He is Katheer ul-Hadeeth, Thiqah Famous, Maalik and other Major Scholars narrated from him”
[Shadhraat adh-Dhahab: 2/191]

19-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar authenticated his hadeeth saying, “Abu Dawood and Nasaa’ee narrated with a Saheeh chain from Suhayl bin Abi Saalih from his Father…”
[Fath ul-Baari: 10/196]

Ibn Hajar also said: “He is Thiqah”
[Lisaan al-Meezaan: 7/240]

He also said: “He is Sadooq, his memory got deteriorated at the end; Bukhaari narrated from him (in his Saheeh) Maqroonan (i.e. with a support of another narrator) and Ta’leeqan”
[Taqreeb: 2675]

Note:
·       Mughaltaai al-Hanafi authenticated his hadeeth saying, “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Sharh Ibn Maajah: 1/1449]

·        Zayla’ee al-Hanafi authenticated his hadeeth saying, “This chain is Saheeh”
[Nasb ur-Raya: 2/384]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Abdul Azeez bin Muhammad ad-Daraawardi said: “I mentioned this hadeeth to Suhayl; he said: Rabee’ah has informed me, and he is Thiqah according to me, that I (myself) have narrated to him, and I do not remember it”.
Abdul Azeez said: “Suhayl was afflicted with a defect – some of his memory had weakened (at the end of his age), and he would forget some of his hadeeth, (therefore) Suhayl would later narrate (his own hadeeth) through Rabee’ah from himself from his Father”
[Sunan Abu Dawood: 3610; Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 10/283 H. 20644, Chain Saheeh]

Similarly, Sulemaan bin Bilaal said: “I met Suhayl and asked him about this hadeeth (i.e. Sunan Abu Dawood: 3610), so he replied: ‘I do not know it’, so I said to him that Rabee’ah has narrated it to me from you. He said: ‘If Rabee’ah has narrated it to you from me, so you should narrate it from Rabee’ah from me’”
[Sunan Abu Dawood: 3611; Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 20646, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een was asked about Suhayl bin Abi Saalih and Al-‘Alaa bin Abdur Rahmaan, so he said: “There hadeeth is not Hujjah”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri: 2/243]

He also said: “The people of hadeeth stay away from the hadeeth of Suhayl bin Abi Saalih”
[Taareekh Ibn Abi Khaythamah: 2/316 T. 3104]

At another place, he said: “He is nothing”
[Same]

He also said: “Suhayl is Da’eef”
[Same]

3-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “Write his narrations and do not take evidence from him, and he is more beloved to me than Amr bin Abi Amr; and he is more beloved to me than ‘Alaa narrating from Abu Hurayrah through his father”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: Vol. 4 T. 1063]

4-    Ibn Sa’d narrates from Suhayl’s companions that they said that when his brother Abbaad died, he suffered from a great shock until he started narrating from himself
[Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d: 1/345]

5-    Imaam al-Haakim said: “Then it was said about his narrations narrated in Iraaq that he erred a lot in them and his memory had gotten weak at the end of his age”
[Al-Madkhal Ila as-Saheeh of al-Haakim with reference from Man Takallam Feeh – Tahqeeq of al-Raheeli: 1/251]

Conclusion:

He is Thiqah, evidence is taken from him in what he narrated before his Ikhtilaat due to the death of his Brother; and he got sick in Iraaq. Before taking evidence from his hadeeth, we must look into it and if he narrated it in Iraaq, then evidence is not taken from him, wallahu A’lam!

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