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Friday, January 4, 2013

Abdul Humayd bin Ja'far bin Abdullah bin al-Hakam al-Madani

Nasar ul-Basar fi Tawtheeq Abdul Humayd bin Ja’far

Full Name: 

عبد الحميد بن جعفر بن عبد الله بن الحكم بن رافع الأنصارى الأوسى ، أبو الفضل ، و يقال أبو حفص ، المدنى
Abdul Humayd bin Ja’far bin Abdullah bin al-Hakam bin Raafi al-Ansaari Al-Awsi, Abu Hafs, al-Madani

Tabaqah: 6 – From the contemporaries of Minor Taabi’een

Death: 153 H

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari in Ta’leeq form – Muslim – Abu Dawood – At-Tirmidhi – An-Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Ja’far bin Abdullah bin al-Hakam, Husayn bin Ataa bin Yasaar, Sa’eed bin Abi Sa’eed al-Maqburi, Umar bin al-Hakam bin Raafi’ (the uncle of his father), Imraan bin Abi Anas, Al-‘Alaa bin Abdur Rahmaan, Muhammad bin Amr bin Ataa, Muhammad bin Muslim Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Naafi’ Mawla Ibn Umar, Hishaam bin Urwah, Wahb bin Kaysaan, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Ansaari, Yahya bin Abi Katheer, Yazeed bin Abi Habeeb, and others.

Students: Abu Usaamah Hammaad bin Usaamah, Hammaad bin Zayd, Abu Aasim ad-Dahhaak bin Makhlad, Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak, Abdullah bin Wahb, Eesa bin Yoonus, Abu Nu’aym al-Fadl bin Dukayn, Muhammad bin Abi Shaybah, Muhammad bin Umar al-Waaqidi, Wakee’ bin al-Jarraah, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan, Yazeed bin Zuray’, Hafs bin Umar al-Imaam, Muhammad bin Ibraaheem bin Uthmaan bin Khuwaasti and others.


Status: Thiqah

Comments of Ahl al-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

1.     Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “Thiqah” [Taareekh Uthmaan bin Sa’eed ad-Daarimi: 263/ 610]

2.     Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “Thiqah, there is nothing wrong in him” [Tahdheeb al-Kamaal 11/41, and Kitaab al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 6/10, Chain Saheeh]

3.     Ibn Sa’d said: “He is Thiqah, Katheer ul Hadeeth” [At-Tabaqaat al-Kubra Vol 10 Pg 400, and Tahdheeb al-Kamaal: 11/42]

4.     Saaji said: “Thiqah Sudooq” [Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb 6/112]

5.     Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Faarsi said: “Thiqah” [Kitaab al-Ma’rifat wal Ta’reekh: 2/458]

6.     Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in Kitaab ath-Thiqaat. [Pg 159 # 910]

7.     Ali ibn al-Madeeni said: “He is Thiqah according to us…” [Sawalaat Muhammad bin Uthmaan bin Abi Shaybah: 105]

8.     Besides him, Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj [Saheeh Muslim: 25/533…]

9.     Tirmidhi

10.           Ibn Khuzaymah, and

11.           Bukhaari have done his tawtheeq by declaring his hadeeth to be Saheeh.

12.           Dhahabi said: “He is Al-Imaam Al-Muhaddith Al-Thiqah” [Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 7/20,21]

13.           Ibn Numayr declared him Thiqah. [Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 6/112]

14.           Yahya ibn Sa’eed al-Qattaan declared him Thiqah. [Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 6/112]

15.           Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is of the status of Sudooq”

16.           Ibn Adee said: “There is nothing wrong in him, and write his narrations” [Same: 6/112]

17.           Ibn Hibbaan said: “He is one of the Thiqah and Mutqin people.” [Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan: Vol. 5 Pg 184, Before H. 1865]

18.           Ibn al-Qattaan al-Faasi said: “And Abdul Humayd is Thiqah” [Bayaan al-Wahem wal Ayhaam fi Kitaab ul-Ahkaam: Vol 3 Pg 514 H. 1287]

19.           Abdul Haqq al-Ashbayli has declared the hadeeth of rafa al-Yadain from Abdul Humayd to be “Saheeh Muttasil” [Bayan al-Wahem wal Ayhaam: 2/462 H. 462]

20.           Haakim Nisaburi declared his hadeeth to be Saheeh [Al-Mustadrak: 1/500, H. 1842]

21.           Bosayri declared his hadeeth to be “Hadha Isnaadun Saheehun” [Zawaaid ibn Majah: 1434]

22.           Ibn Taymiyyah,

23.           Khattaabi, and

24.           Ibn al-Qayyim have declared the hadeeth narrated from him to be Saheeh.

25.           Bayhaqi has declared the Jarh of Tahaawi upon Abdul Humayd to be Mardood. [Ma’rifat us-Sunan wal Athaar: 1/558 Under H. 786]

26.           Ibn al-Jaarood declared his hadeeth to be Saheeh. [Al-Muntaqa: 192]

27.           Zayla’ee Hanafi said: “Many Scholars have declared him Thiqah” [Nasb ur-Rayaa 1/344, and after that what Zayla’ee wrote “Innahu Ghalatun fi Hadhal Hadeeth” is rejected because its against the Jumhoor]

28.           Al-Zayaa al-Maqdisi has declared his hadeeth to be Saheeh. [See: Al-Mukhtaarah: 1/516 H. 384]

29.           Abu Nu’aym al-Asbahaani,

30.           And Abu Awaanah Al-Asfaraaini have declared his hadeeth to be Saheeh. [See: Al-Musnad al-Mustakhraj Ala Saheeh Muslim by Abu Nu’aym: 2/134 H. 1175, Musnad Abu Awaanah: 1/391]

31.           Nasaa’ee said: “There is nothing wrong in him” [Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 6/112]

After the tawtheeq of so many Scholars, only (1) Sufyaan ath-Thawree, (2) Tahaawi, (3) Yahya ibn Sa’eed al-Qattaan, (4) Nasaa’ee, and (5) Abu Haatim ar-Raazi have criticized him, which is rejected because of going against the Ta’deel of Jamhoor. The reason for the Jarh of Sufyaan ath-Thawree upon him is the Mas’ala of Qadr, and it has very comprehensively been refuted by Imaam Adh-Dhahabi [See: Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 7/21]

The Jarh of Qadari etc are Mardood on the Thiqah narrators. The Jarh of Yahya al-Qattaan, Nasaa’ee and Abu Haatim are contradictory to their Ta’deel. The Jarh of Tahaawi has been refuted by Imaam Bayhaqi.

Conclusion:

Abdul Humayd bin Ja’far is Thiqah and Saheeh ul-Hadeeth narrator, wal-Hamdulillaah.
Haafidh Ibn al-Qayyim has declared the criticisms on Abdul Humayd bin Ja’far to be Mardood. [Tahdheeb al-Sunan with Awn al-Ma’bood: 2/421]
The Jarh of Tahaawi on Abdul Humayd is rejected due to it being against the Jumhoor. The Jarh of Abu Haatim was not found with a Saheeh chain, and if it is found then it is still rejected due to it being against the Jumhoor.


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