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Thursday, January 31, 2013

Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir ad-Dimashqi




Name:

عبد الرحمن بن يزيد بن جابر الأزدى ، أبو عتبة السلمى الشامى الدمشقى الدارانى ( أخو يزيد بن يزيد بن جابر و والد عبد الله )

Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir al-Azdi, Abu Utbah as-Sulami ash-Shaami ad-Dimashqi ad-Daaraani (The Brother of Yazeed bin Yazeed bin Jaabir and the Father of Abdullah)

Tabaqah: 7 – From the Major Taba’ Taabi’een

Death: 150 and some H

Narrated by: Al-Bukhaari – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Abu Salaam al-Aswad, Abu al-Asha’th as-Sana’aani, Makhool, Abdullah bin Aamir al-Yahsubi, Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri, Abu Kabshah as-Salooli, Atiyyah bin Qays and others.

Students: His son Abdullah, Waleed bin Muslim, Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak, Umar bin Abdul Waahid, Muhammad bin Shaaboor, Ayyoob bin Suwayd, Husayn al-Ju’fi, and others.

Status: Thiqah Thabat

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir, Abu Bakr bin Abi Maryam, and Hareez bin Uthmaan ar-Rahbi are all Thiqaat”
[Su’aalaat Ibn al-Junayd: 1/399 T. 531]

Ishaaq bin Mansoor al-Kausaj narrated from Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een that he said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir is Thiqah”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 5/300]

Imaam Ibn Ma’een also said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir is elder than his brother Yazeed bin Yazeed bin Jaabir”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri: 4/430]

Ibn Ma’een also said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir and his brother Yazeed bin Yazeed bin Jaabir both are Thiqah”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri: 4/456]

2-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “Safwaan bin Amr and Ibn Jaabir i.e. Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir are both Thiqah”
[Su’aalaat Abu Dawood lil Imaam Ahmed: 1/257 T. 277]

3-    Imaam Moosa bin Haaroon said: “Ibn Jaabir is Thiqah”
[Taareekh Baghdaad: 10/210]

4-    Imaam Muhammad bin Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaari narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, Saheeh al-Bukhaari: H. 1945, 5590]

5-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir is Sadooq, there is nothing wrong in him”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 1/257 T. 277]

Imaam Abu Haatim also said: “He is Thiqah”
[Ilal al-Hadeeth by Ibn Abi Haatim: 565]

6-    Imaam Muslim bin al-Hajjaaj narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, Saheeh Muslim: H. 104, 1847, 1855, 1924, 2937]

7-    Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed and Yazeed bin Yazeed both are Thiqah”
[Al-Ma’rifah wal Taareekh: 2/453]

8-    Imaam Muhammad bin Sa’d said: “He is Thiqah”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 7/323]

9-    Imaam al-Ijlee said: “He is Thiqah”
[Thiqaat by al-Ijlee: 1/300]

10-          Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him in ath-Thiqaat and said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir and he is the brother of Yazeed bin Jaabir; both are Thiqah”
[Taareekh Asmaa ath-Thiqaat: 1/145 T. 792]

11-          Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah: H. 534, 793, 1734, 1758 etc]

12-          Imaam Abu Awaanah narrated from him in his Saheeh
[Mustakhraj Abu Awaanah Ala Saheeh Muslim: H. 154, 1180, 6736, 7167, 7183, 7495, 7501 etc]

13-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in ath-Thiqaat
[7/81 T. 9098]

Imaam Ibn Hibbaan also narrated from him in his Saheeh
[See, Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan: H. 545, 910, 943, 2320, 2324, 2899, 3152, 3394, 4767, 7330]

14-          Imaam al-Bazzaar said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir is Thiqah”
[Musnad al-Bazzaar: 8/411]

15-          Imaam Abu Abdullah al-Haakim al-Neesaaboori authenticated many of his ahaadeeth saying, “Its chain is Saheeh”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: H. 12771885… etc]

He also authenticated many of his ahaadeeth to be on the conditions of Bukhaari and Muslim
[See, H. 1029, 1568, 1926… etc]

16-          Haafidh al-Busayri authenticated one of his hadeeth saying, “The narrators of this chain are all Thiqaat”
[Itthaaf al-Khayrah: 2/92 H. 1099; Also see, Misbaah uz-Zajaajah: 2/41, 2/46, 3/144, 4/235]

17-          Haafidh Ibn al-Qattaan al-Faasi said: “This (person) is Thiqah”
[Bayaan al-Wahem: 5/575]

18-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “He is one of the Thiqah Ulama”
[Meezaan al-I’tidaal: Vol. 2 T. 5007; Also See, al-Kaashif (1/648)]

19-          Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin authenticated one of his hadeeth saying, “The narrators of this chain are all Thiqaat”
[Al-Badar al-Muneer: 7/265]

20-          Haafidh Ibn Katheer said: “And Ibn Asaakir narrated with a chain containing all Thiqah narrators from Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir….”
[Al-Bidaayah wal Nihaayah: 9/183 – Pub: Daar Ihyaa]

21-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalaani said: “He is Thiqah”
[Taqreeb: 4041]

Ibn Hajar also said: “He is one of the Thiqah Thabat people; the Jumhoor has declared him Thiqah”
[Fath ul-Baari: 1/419]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Abu Hafs Amr bin Ali al-Fallaas said: “Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir is Da’eef ul-Hadeeth, he narrated Munkar narrations from Makhool, and he is from the people of truth according to them, and the people of Koofah narrated Munkar narrations from him”
[Taareekh Baghdaad: 10/210]

Note: Imaam Khateeb Baghdaadi has refuted this Jarh explaining that there are two people with similar names, one is Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Tameem and the other is Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir. The people of Koofah narrated from Ibn Tameem and they erred in differentiating between the two. Therefore, this Jarh of Imaam al-Fallaas is in reality intended for Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Tameem. Imaam Khateeb also said that there is no Munkar narration narrated by Ibn Jaabir
[Taareekh Baghdaad: 10/210]

Imaam Bukhaari said: “The people of Koofah narrated Munkar narrations from Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir, and according to me they only intended Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Tameem by it, who is Munkar al-Hadeeth, (because) he resembles Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir with his ahaadeeth”
[Tarteeb Ilal at-Tirmidhi al-Kabeer: P. 76]

Conclusion:

Abdur Rahmaan bin Yazeed bin Jaabir is Thiqah by consensus.

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