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Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Layth bin Abi Sulaym bin Zunaym al-Koofi




Name:
الليث بن أبى سليم : أيمن أو أنس أو زيادة أو عيسى ، ابن زنيم القرشى ، أبو بكر و يقال أبو بكير ، الكوفى

Layth bin Abi Sulaym: Ayman or Anas or Ziyaad or Eesa, Ibn Zunaym al-Qurashi, Abu Bakr and it is said, Abu Bukayr, al-Koofi

Tabaqah: 6 – From the Contemporaries of Minor Taabi’een

Death: 148 H

Narrated by: Bukhaari in Ta’leeq Form – Muslim – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee – Ibn Maajah

Teachers: Shahr bin Hawshab, Tawoos bin Kaysaan, Aamir ash-Sha’bee, Ataa bin Abi Ribaah, Ikrimah the Servant of Ibn Abbaas, Naafi’ the servant of Ibn Umar, Abu az-Zubayr al-Makki and many others.

Students: Ismaa’eel bin Ulayyah, Ismaa’eel bin Ayyaash, Hafs bin Ghiyaath, Zaa’idah bin Qudaamah, Zuhayr bin Mu’aawiyah, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Abdur Rahmaan bin Muhammad al-Muhaarbi, Fudayl bin Ayyaadh, Ma’mar bin Raashid and others.

Status: Da’eef, Sa’ee ul-Hifdh

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:
Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “His hadeeth is nothing, he is Da’eef”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/178]

2-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal said: “The hadeeth of Layth bin Abi Sulaym is not delightful.”
[Musnad Ali bin al-Ja’d: 612, Chain Saheeh]

He also said: “Layth is Da’eef in Hadeeth”
[Musnad Ali bin al-Ja’d: 612, Chain Saheeh]

He also said: “The hadeeth of Layth bin Abi Sulaym is Mudtarib, but the people have narrated from him”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/178, Chain Saheeh]

3-    Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi said: “He is Layyin ul-Hadeeth, evidence is not taken from him in hadeeth according to the people of knowledge”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/179]

4-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “He is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/179]

Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi and Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi both have said: “(The hadeeth of) Layth is not to be dealt with, and he is Mudtarib ul-Hadeeth”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/179]

5-    Imaam Wakee’ ibn al-Jarraah said: “Layth Layth! Sufyaan did not used to take the name of Layth”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/178, Chain Saheeh]

6-    Abu Ma’mar al-Qatee’ee said: “(Imaam Sufyaan) Ibn Uyaynah would not praise the memory of Layth bin Abi Sulaym”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/179, Chain Saheeh]

7-    Imaam Jareer bin Abdul Humayd said: “Layth’s memory was more deteriorated than them (i.e. Ataa bin as-Saaib and Yazeed bin Abi Ziyaad)”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/178, Chain Hasan]

8-    Imaam Amr bin Ali al-Fallaas said: “(Imaam) Yahya (bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan) would not narrate from Layth”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/178]

9-    Imaam Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj said to Layth bin Abi Sulaym that: “How did you ask (masaail/ahadeeth) from Ataa, Tawoos, and Mujaahid all in one single Meeting?” So he said: “Ask your Father about this!”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/178, Chain Saheeh]

Imaam Abu Haatim said: “The question of Shu’bah from Layth bin Abi Sulaym about the Ijtimaa’ of all these three men in one mas’ala denotes that he (Shu’bah) rejected him”
[Muqaddimah Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 151]

10-          Imaam Bukhaari said: “He was truthful, but would sometimes err in some things”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 2801]

Moreover, Imaam Bukhaari once graded his hadeeth, saying: “It is not authentic”
[Saheeh Bukhaari: 1/117, Under H. 838]

11-          Imaam Tirmidhi said: “Layth used to narrate things as Marfoo’ which others did not narrate as such, and for that he was declared Weak”
[Sunan at-Tirmidhi: 2801]

12-          Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah said: “We do not take evidence from the hadeeth of Layth bin Abi Sulaym”
[Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah: 952]

13-          Imaam al-Bazzaar said: “Layth was afflicted with Ikhtilaat (deterioration of memory), and this hadeeth is not proven from him; and because of that weakness remained in his hadeeth”
[Musnad al-Bazzaar: 4880]

14-          Imaam Sufyaan said, I asked Imaam Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaani: “What is with you that you don’t write narrations from Tawoos?” He said: “I went to him and I saw that he was sitting between two people, Layth bin Abi Sulaym and Abdul Kareem bin Abi Umayyah, therefore, I came back and abandoned narrating from him”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by Al-Ukaylee: 4/15, Al-Ma’rifah wal Taareekh by al-Fasawi: 3/57, Chain Saheeh]

15-          Imaam Ibn Adee said: “Besides the ahadeeth that I mentioned, Layth bin Abi Sulaym has several Saalih narrations, Shu’bah, Ath-Thawree and others from the Thiqah people have narrated from him, and despite his weakness that is in him, his narration is to be written down (for Mutaabi’aat or Shawaahid)”
[Al-Kaamil: 2/252]

16-          Imaam Ali bin al-Madeeni said: “Mujaalid is more beloved to me than Layth and Hajjaaj bin Artaat”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 4/16, Chain Saheeh]

Mujaalid bin Sa’eed is Da’eef according to Imaam Ibn al-Madeeni, therefore Layth bin Abi Sulaym would also certainly be weak according to him.

17-          Imaam ad-Daaraqutni said: “He was a man of Sunnah. His narration is to be narrated (i.e. in Mutaabi’aat)” Then he said: “The only thing he was rejected for was that he mixed Ataa, Tawoos, and Mujaahid”
[Su’alaat al-Barqaani: 421]

He further said: “He is Da’eef”
[Sunan ad-Daaraqutni: 1/331, 3/269]

At another place, he said: “He is Sa’ee ul-Hifdh (weak in memory)”
[Same: 1/68]

He also said: “He is not Strong”
[Same: 2/191]

18-          Imaam Uthmaan bin Abi Shaybah said: “He is Thiqah Sadooq, and he is not an evidence”
[Taareekh Asmaa ath-Thiqaat by Ibn Shaaheen: 1189]

It means that his personal quality was that he was Thiqah Sadooq, but he was not Hujjah when it came to Hadeeth, in fact he is Da’eef, as Imaam Uthmaan bin Abi Shaybah also said about Muhammad bin al-Hasan al-Asdi that: “He is Thiqah Sadooq. I asked: Is he hujjah also? He replied: As for being a Hujjah then he is not, and he is Da’eef”
[Taareekh Asmaa ath-Thiqaat by Ibn Shaaheen: 1267]

It becomes clear that Imaam Uthmaan also considers him Da’eef in accordance to the Jamhoor.

19-          Imaam Nasaa’ee said: “He is Da’eef”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Nasaa’ee: P. 9]

20-          Imaam Ibn Hibbaan said: “He got deteriorated at the end of his age until he did not know what he is narrating! He would alter the chains, he would narrate the Mursal narrations as Marfoo’, and he would narrate things from Thiqah people which were not from their ahadeeth. All this happened in his Ikhtilaat”
[Al-Majroheen by Ibn Hibbaan: 2/231]

21-          Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “He is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra by Ibn Sa’d: 5/174]

22-          Imaam Ibraaheem bin Ya’qoob al-Juzjaani said: “He is declared weak, he is not an established narrator”
[Ahwaal ur-Rijaal: 132]

23-          Imaam Tahaawi said: “His narration is not strong according to the people of knowledge in Asaaneed”
[Sharh Mushkil ul-Athaar by Tahaawi: 3/373]

He also said: “And his narration, as is not hidden from the people of knowledge in Riwaayah”
[Sharh Mushkil ul-Athaar by Tahaawi: 4/313]

24-          Haafidh Bayhaqi said: “According to the people of knowledge in hadeeth, he is not a Memorizer, he makes a lot of mistakes”
[Ma’rifat us-Sunan wal Athaar by Bayhaqi: 3/182]

He also said: “The people of knowledge in hadeeth have declared him Da’eef”
[Al-Sunan al-Kubra lil Bayhaqi: 4/108]

He also said: “And I do not take evidence from the narration of Layth”
[Kitaab al-Qira’at lil Bayhaqi: 300]

He also said: “He is Da’eef”
[Ma’rifat us-Sunan wal Athaar lil Bayhaqi: 1/479]

25-          Haafidh Ibn Abdil Barr said: “He is Da’eef”
[Al-Tamheed by Ibn Abdil Barr: 8/210]

He also said: “And he is Layth bin Abi Sulaym – Da’eef, not a Hujjah”
[Al-Istidhkaar: 8/314]

26-          Mu’ammal bin Fadl said: “I asked Eesa bin Yoonus, why did you not narrate from Layth bin Abi Sulaym? He replied: I saw him and he had deteriorated, and he would climb up the minaret at the time night disappeared (i.e. in Fajr time), and give Adhaan”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/178, Chain Hasan]

27-          Haafidh Sama’aani said: “He got deteriorated at the end of his age until he did not know what he is narrating! He would alter the chains, he would narrate the Mursal narrations as Marfoo’, and he would narrate things from Thiqah people which were not from their ahadeeth.”
[Al-Ansaab by As-Sama’aani: 1/76]

Similarly, the following people have also declared Layth to be “Da’eef” in Hadeeth:

28-          Imaam Ibn Hazm [Al-Muhalla: 6/134]
29-          Haafidh Ibn al-Qattaan [Badar al-Muneer by Ibn al-Mulaqqin: 6/140]
30-          Haafidh Ibn al-Jawzee [Al-Ilal al-Mutanaahiyah: 1/77]
31-          Haafidh Ibn Abdil Haadi [Tanqeeh Kitaab at-Tahqeeq: 1/396]
32-          Haafidh Sakhaawi [Al-Maqaasid al-Hasanah: 1/742]
33-          Haafidh Ibn Rajab [Fath ul-Baari by Ibn Rajab: 1/394]
34-          Haafidh As-Suyooti [Al-Aali al-Masnoo’ah: 3/161]
35-          Muhammad Taahir Patni [Tadhkirat al-Mawdoo’aat: 42]
36-          And Allaamah Sindhi Hanafi [Haashiah as-Sindhi Ala Ibn Maajah: 997] etc.

37-          Haafidh al-Mundhiri said, while commenting on a hadeeth that: “All its narrators are Thiqaat, except for Layth bin Abi Sulaym”
[Al-Targheeb wal Tarheeb lil Mundhiri: 4/537]

38-          Allaamah Zayla’ee al-Hanafi said: “He is Da’eef”
[Nasb ur-Rayaa lil Zayla’ee: 3/96]

39-          Allaamah Aynee al-Hanafi said: “He is Da’eef, evidence is not taken from him”
[Umdat ul-Qaari: 1/495]

40-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “Layth is Da’eef because of his weak memory and his Ikhtilaat”
[Al-Mataalib al-Aaliyah by Ibn Hajar: 3287]

41-          Haafidh an-Nawawi said: “The Scholars have agreed upon his weakness, the Idtiraab in his hadeeth, and the weakness of his memory”
[Tahdheeb al-Asmaa wal Lughaat lil Nawawi: 1/597]

The Testimonies of Jumhoor’s weakness:

1-    Haafidh al-Iraaqi said: “The Jumhoor has weakened him”
[Al-Mughni An Hamal al-Asfaar: 2/187; Takhreej Ahaadeeth al-Ahyaa lil Haddaad: 1648]

2-    Haafidh al-Haythami said: “And Majority has weakened him”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 1/90, 91; 2/178]

3-    Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin said: “He is Da’eef according to the Jumhoor”
[Al-Badar al-Muneer by Ibn al-Mulaqqin: 2/104, 7/227; Tuhfat ul-Muhtaaj: 2/48]

4-    Haafidh al-Nawawi said: “The Jumhoor has declared him weak”
[Sharh Muqaddimah Muslim: 4]

5-    Haafidh al-Busayri said: “The Jumhoor has weakened him”
[Zawaaid Ibn Maajah lil Busayri: 54]

6-    Allaamah Sindhi Hanafi said: “And it is said in al-Zawaaid that it contains Layth bin Abi Sulaym, he is declared weak by the Jumhoor”
[Haashiah as-Sindhi Ala Ibn Maajah: 1891]

7-    Haafidh Suyooti said: “There is a unanimous agreement on the weakness of Layth bin Abi Sulaym”
[Al-Haawi lil Fataawa by Suyooti: 3/7-8]

Those who praised him:

1-    Imaam al-Ijlee said about him: “Jaaiz ul-Hadeeth” And in one narration, he said: “There is nothing wrong in him”
[Ma’rifat ath-Thiqaat lil Ijlee: 1431]

However, this saying is Shaadh because it is against the Jumhoor of Muhadditheen.

It gets proven that no one from the Mutaqaddimeen has declared Layth to be “Thiqah”. As for the narration of Imaam Shu’bah and Imaam Abdur Rahmaan bin Mahdi from him then it is not of any benefit against the Jarh of Jumhoor, because these two Imaams mostly narrated from Thiqah only, not always.

Imaam Muslim has narrated from him in Mutaabi’aat not in Asal, therefore, he is a Da’eef and Mukhtalat narrator.

Haafidh Ibn Hajar writes: “I do not know of anyone who explicitly declared him Thiqah”
[Zawaaid Musnad al-Bazzaar by Ibn Hajar: 2/403]

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