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Sunday, January 13, 2013

Ajlah bin Abdullah bin Hujayyah al-Kindi




Name:
أجلح بن عبد الله بن حجية ، و يقال أجلح بن عبد الله بن معاوية الكندى ، أبو حجية الكوفى ، و يقال اسمه يحيى و الأجلح لقب

Ajlah bin Abdullah bin Hujayyah, and it is said, Ajlah bin Abdullah bin Mu’aawiyah al-Kindi, Abu Hujayyah al-Koofi, and it is said his name is Yahya and Al-Ajlah is his title.

Tabaqah: 7 – From the Major Taba Taabi’een

Death: 145 H

Narrated by:  Bukhaari in al-Adab al-Mufrad – Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Nasaa’ee

Teachers: Habeeb bin Abi Thaabit, Aamir ash-Sha’bee, Abdullah bin Buraydah, Ikrimah Mawla Ibn Abbaas, Abu Ishaaq as-Sabi’ee, Abu az-Zubayr al-Makki, Naafi’ Mawla Ibn Umar, Abdullah bin Shareek al-Koofi and others.

Students: Hammaad bin Usaamah, Zuhayr bin Mu’aawiyah, Sufyaan ath-Thawree, Shareek bin Abdullah an-Nakha’ee, Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj, Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak, Abdullah bin Numayr, Eesa bin Yoonus, Hushaym bin Bushayr, Abu Awaanah, Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan, Abu Bakr bin Ayyaash, and others.

Status: Thiqah, Hasan ul-Hadeeth

Opinions of Ahl ul-Jarh wat Ta’deel:
Those who authenticated him:

1-    Imaam Shu’bah has narrated from him, and it is known that Shu’bah only narrates from those who are Thiqah according to him.
[See, Tahdheeb al-Kamaal (2/276); Taareekh al-Islaam (3/812) etc]

Imaam Dhahabi said: “The teachers of Shu’bah are Jayyaad”
[Meezaan: 4504]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said while explaining his methodology in Tahdheeb that:

“If it has been proven from the conditions of a narrator that he does not narrate except from Thiqah, then I have mentioned the names of all his Shuyookh or most of them (in Tahdheeb), such as Shu’bah, Maalik and others.”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 1/5]

When Imaam Azdi declared Abu Sadaqah Tawbah bin Abdullah to be “La Yuhtajju Bihi”, Imaam Dhahabi said while refuting him: “I say, He is Thiqah, for Shu’bah has narrated from him”
[Meezaan: 3611]

Haafidh Ibn Hajar said about this saying of Imaam Dhahabi that: “I read the writing of Dhahabi (in which he said) he is rather Thiqah for Shu’bah has narrated from him; and the narration of Shu’bah from him is his Tawtheeq”
[Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb: 5161]

Note: Since there is no Jarh from Imaam Shu’bah on Ajlah as compared to his narration from him, we can conclude that Ajlah is Thiqah according to Imaam Shu’bah.

2-    Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “He is Thiqah”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri: 1276]

He also said: “There is nothing wrong in him”
[Taareekh Ibn Ma’een, narrated by ad-Dauri: 2232]

3-    Imaam Ibn Abi Khaythamah narrated the Tawtheeq of Imaam Ibn Ma’een and did not oppose him.
[Taareekh Ibn Abi Khaythamah: 2/382]

4-    Imaam Ya’qoob bin Sufyaan al-Faarsi said: “He is Thiqah, there is leniency (slight weakness) in his hadeeth”
[Al-Ma’rifat wal Taareekh: 3/104]

Shaykh Abdullah bin Yoosuf al-Jadee’ says that such an expression means, his hadeeth is dropped from the level of Saheeh to the level of Hasan (not Da’eef).
[See, Tahreer Uloom ul-Hadeeth: 1/570]

5-    Imaam Abu al-Hasan al-Ijlee said: “He is Thiqah”
[Thiqaat: 1/57]

6-    Imaam Abu Hafs Ibn Shaaheen mentioned him among the Thiqah narrators
[1/262]

7-    Imaam Abu Awaanah has narrated from him in his Saheeh, which denotes that he is Thiqah according to him
[See, Musnad Abu Awaanah H. 847, 951, 2603]

8-    Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee al-Jarjaani said: “I did not find anything Munkar in him, which would cross the limit either in chain or text, and I hope there is nothing wrong in him…. And he is Mustaqeem ul-Hadeeth Sadooq according to me”
[Al-Kaamil: 2/140]

9-    Imaam Tirmidhi authenticated his hadeeth to be “Hasan Saheeh” [H. 1753], and “Hasan Ghareeb”

Note: The Authentication of a Lone narration is the authentication of all its narrators.

10-          Imaam Haakim al-Neesaaboori authenticated his hadeeth saying: “This hadeeth is Saheeh ul-Isnaad”
[Mustadrak al-Haakim: H. 2946, 3002, 4249, 4723]

11-          Imaam Zaya al-Maqdisi authenticated his hadeeth by narrating from him in al-Ahaadeeth al-Mukhtaarah [1226]

12-          Haafidh al-Busayri authenticated his hadeeth saying, “Its chain is Hasan”
[Itthaaf al-Khayrah: 4/49, 5/131]

And once he said about a chain containing Ajlah that: “All its narrators are Thiqaat”
[Itthaaf al-Khayrah: 5/308. 7/40]

13-          Haafidh Noor ud-Deen al-Haythami said: “The Majority has done his Tawtheeq”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 1/189]

14-          Imaam Dhahabi said: “There is nothing wrong in his narration, and some have declared him Layyin”
[Al-Mughni: 224]

Imaam Dhahabi mentioned him in “Man Takallam Feehi Wahuwa Mawthaq” and said: “He is Shi’i Famous (and) Sudooq”
[13]

15-          Abdur Ra’oof al-Manaawi narrates: “Al-Ajlah al-Kindi is declared Thiqah by the Jamhoor”
[Faydh ul-Qadeer: 4/357]

16-          Zayla’ee al-Hanafi authenticated his hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Saalih”
[Takhreej Ahaadeeth al-Kashaaf: 3/229]

Those who criticized him:

1-    Imaam Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattaan said: “There is something in my heart about him”
[Al-Meezaan: 1/79; Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/347, Chain Saheeh]

2-    Imaam Ahmed bin Hanbal weakened him
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/347]

3-    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said: “Al-Ajlah is Layyin, he is not strong, write his narrations but do not take evidence from them”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 2/347]

4-    Imaam Ibn Sa’d said: “He is Da’eef Jiddan”
[Tabaqaat al-Kubra: 6/336-337]

5-    Imaam Ibraaheem bin Ya’qoob al-Juzjaani said: “He is a Slanderer”
[Ahwaal ur-Rijaal: 1/59]

Note: This is not an expression of Tad’eef

·        Imaam Abu Dawood said: “He (Ajlah) is Da’eef”
[Su’aalaat al-Ajurri: 1/179]

Note: This saying is not proven from Imaam Abu Dawood, because the tawtheeq of Abu Ubayd al-Ajurri is not proven.

6-    Imaam Nasaa’ee said: “He is not strong, and he has excessed in Tashee’”
[Sunan al-Kubra lil Nasaa’ee: 10377]

This Jarh (Laisa Biqawi) is not a strong Jarh. Shaykh Abdur Rahmaan bin Yahya al-Mu’allami has written that: “The phrase Laysa Biqawi is meant to negate the highest level of strength from the narrator”
[Al-Tankeel: 1/232]

Lakhnawi al-Hanafi has said that: “The Jarh of mere Laysa Biqawi is not against his hadeeth being Hasan, although it may not be Saheeh”
[Ghayth al-Ghammaam: P. 158]

Imaam Dhahabi said: “Laysa Biqawi is not a Jarh Mufsad”
[Al-Mawqadhah: 82]

7-    Imaam Ibn Hibbaan mentioned him in al-Majroheen [1/175]

8-    In Mukhtasar Khilaafiyaat al-Bayhaqi, it is said: “He is not strong according to the people of hadeeth”
[3/235]

See under the Jarh # 6 above for the reality of the phrase Laysa Biqawi

9-    Imaam Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen
[1/64]

10-          Haafidh Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah said: “Evidence is not taken from his hadeeth”
[I’laam al-Mawqa’een: 2/34; Zaad al-Ma’aad: 5/385]

11-          Haafidh Ibn Katheer said about him: “Feehi Nadhar”
[Al-Bidaayah wal Nihaayah: 5/226]

12-          Haafidh Ibn Hajar said: “He is Layyin”
[Fath ul-Baari: 9/615]

He also said: “He is Sadooq, Shi’i”
[Taqreeb: 285]

The decision of Contemporaries:

1-    Shaykh Ahmed Shaakir said: “He is Thiqah, some people have criticized him for no reason”
[Tahqeeq Tafseer at-Tabari: 5/169]

2-    Shaykh Sulemaan bin Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhaab authenticated his hadeeth and said: “All its narrators are Thiqaat”
[Tayseer al-Azeez al-Hameed fi Sharh Kitaab at-Tawheed: 1/521]

3-    Haafidh Ibn Ahmed bin Ali al-Hukmi (D. 1377) while commenting on a hadeeth, said: “Al-Ajlah…. Is Sadooq Shi’i as said in al-Taqreeb, and the remaining narrators are Thiqaat, narrators of Shaykhayn, therefore the chain is Hasan…”
[A’laam al-Sunnah al-Manshoorah: 1/22]

4-    Shaykh Naasir ud-Deen Albaani declared him Hasan ul-Hadeeth
[Silsilah as-Saheehah: 139]

5-    Husayn Saleem Asam authenticated his hadeeth saying: “Its chain is Hasan”
[Tahqeeq Musnad Abi Ya’la: 2639, 7239]

6-    Shaykh Abdullah bin Deefullah al-Raheeli said: “The conclusion is that he is differed upon, and apparently he is Hasan ul-Hadeeth, and evidence is not taken from him in that which accords his Bid’ah”
[Tahqeeq Man Takallam feehi of Dhahabi: 1/74]

7-    Shaykh Abu Taahir Zubayr Alee Za’ee mentioned him in “Al-Sa’ee al-Mashkoor Feeman Waththaqah ul-Jumhoor (Those who are Thiqah according to the Jumhoor)”
[Tahqeeqi Maqaalaat: P. 349]

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