Pages

Thursday, January 3, 2013

Qays bin ar-Rabee' al-Asdi, Abu Muhammad al-Koodi (Da'eef))



Name:

 قيس بن الربيع الأسدى ، أبو محمد الكوفى
Qays bin ar-Rabee’ al-Asdi, Abu Muhammad al-Koofi

Tabaqah: 7 (from the major Taba Taabi’een)

Death: 100 and some H.

Narrations narrated by: Abu Dawood – Tirmidhi – Ibn Maajah

Status: Weak (Da’eef) according to the Jamhoor

Opinions of Scholars:

1-   Imaam Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaaj said, I heard Abu Husayn (D. 127) praising Qays.
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 1/151; 7/96, Chain Hasan; Taareekh Baghdaad: 12/452]

2-   Imaam Abu Nu’aym (Al-Fadl bin Dukayn) said: I heard Sufyaan (Ath-Thawree, D. 161), when Qays bin Rabee’ was mentioned, he praised him.
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/97, Chain Saheeh]

3-   Imaam Amr bin Ali al-Fallaas said I heard Mu’aadh bin Mu’aadh (D. 196) praising Qays.
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/97, Chain Saheeh]

4-   Imaam Ibn al-Madeeni said that Imaam Wakee’ ibn al-Jarraah (D. 197) weakened Qays bin ar-Rabee’.
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 3/469 # 1527, Chain Saheeh; Taareekh al-Kabeer by Imaam Bukhaari: 7/156]

Imaam Ahmed said, I heard Wakee’ saying more than once: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ narrated to us – and Allaah’s refuge is sought (from his hadeeth)”
[Al-Illal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal: 5619, 5948; Al-Kaamil: 7/157]

5-   Muhammad bin al-Muthanna said: “I never heard Yahya (Al-Qattaan, D. 198) and Abdur Rahmaan (bin Mahdi, D. 198) narrating anything from Qays bin ar-Rabee’”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 3/469 # 1527, Chain Saheeh]

Imaam Amr bin Ali al-Fallaas said: “Yahya and Abdur Rahmaan did not used to narrate from Qays; Abdur Rahmaan narrated to us from him before that and later abandoned him”
[Ad-Du’afa al-Kabeer by al-Ukaylee: 3/469 # 1527, Chain Saheeh; Taareekh al-Awsat by Imaam Bukhaari: 2/172 # 2190; Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/97; Taareekh Baghdaad: 12/455]

6-    Ahmed bin Saalih al-Misri asked Imaam Abu Nu’aym Al-Fadl bin Dukayn al-Koofi (D. 219): Is Qays bin ar-Rabee’ anything to you? He replied: “No”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/97, Chain Saheeh]

7-   Imaam Abu al-Waleed at-Tiyaalsi (D. 227) said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee is Thiqah, Hasan ul-Hadeeth”
[Taareekh Baghdaad: 12/454, Chain Saheeh]

8-   Imaam Yahya ibn Ma’een (D. 233) said: “He is nothing”
[Sawalaat Ibn al-Junayd: 1/337 # 263; Taareekh Ibn Ma’een narrated by Ad-Dauri: 3/277 # 1327]

Ibn Tahmaan said, Yahya ibn Ma’een said: “The hadeeth of Qays bin ar-Rabee’ is nothing”
[Min Kalaam Abi Zakariyyah Yahya bin Ma’een fi ar-Rijaal: 1/112 # 360]

He also said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ is Da’eef”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 7/157 # 1586, Chain Saheeh]

9-   Al-Marwazi said, I asked Ahmed bin Hanbal (D. 241) about Qays bin ar-Rabee’, thus he weakened him.
[Al-Illal wa Ma’rifat ur-Rijaal: 1/121 # 206]

Imaam Ahmed also said: “He is a Shi’aa and he makes a lot of mistakes in hadeeth”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 7/157]

Imaam Ahmed also said: “He had a son who would take the hadeeth of Mis’ar, Sufyaan ath-Thawree and the early people and he would add them into the hadeeth of his father while he (his father) would not know”
[Al-Kaamil by Ibn Adee: 7/157, Chain Saheeh]

10-         Imaam Bukhaari (D. 256) said: “I do not write the hadeeth of Qays bin ar-Rabee’ and neither do I narrate from him”
[Al-Illal al-Kabeer by Tirmidhi: 1/379 # 706]

Imaam Bukhaari also mentioned him in his Ad-Du’afa as-Sagheer [1/115 # 316]

11-         Imaam Ibraaheem bin Ya’qoob al-Juzjaani (D. 259) said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ is Saaqit (void)”
[Ahwaal ur-Rijaal: 1/96 # 73]

12-         Imaam Abu Zur’ah ar-Raazi (D. 264) said: “He is Layyin”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel: 7/98]

13-         Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazi (D. 277) said: “He is at the level of being truthful, and he is not strong, write his narrations, but do not take evidence from him, and he is more beloved to me than Muhammad bin Abdur Rahmaan bin Abi Layla, and evidence is not taken from the hadeeth of either of them.”
[Al-Jarh wat Ta’deel by Ibn Abi Haatim: 7/98]

14-         Imaam Tirmidhi (D. 279) said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee is weakened in hadeeth”

15-         Imaam Abu Abdur Rahmaan Ahmed bin Shu’ayb an-Nasaa’ee (D. 303) said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ is Matrook ul-Hadeeth (Abandoned in hadeeth)”
[Ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen by Nasaa’ee: 1/88 # 499]

16-         Imaam Ibn Hibbaan (D. 354) mentioned Qays in his al-Majroheen and narrated the criticisms of Scholars.
[2/216]

17-         Imaam Abu Ahmed bin Adee al-Jarjaani said: “La Ba’sa Bihi (There is nothing wrong in him)”
[Al-Kaamil: 7/171]

18-         Imaam Daaraqutni (D. 385) declared Qays to be “Da’eef”
[Sunan ad-Daaraqutni: 2/120 H. 1248; Illal ad-Daaraqutni: 4/20]

19-         Imaam Bayhaqi (D. 458) said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ is not strong”
[Sunan al-Kubra by Bayhaqi: 7/450 H. 14604]

He also said: “Evidence is not taken from him”
[Al-Sunan al-Kubra by Bayhaqi: 8/596 H. 17692]

20-         Ibn al-Qaysaraani al-Soofi (D. 507) said: “Qays is nothing”
[Dhakheerat ul-Huffaadh: 1/497]

He further said: “Qays is Da’eef”
[Same: 2/611; 2/631; 2/726; 2/867; 2/975; 2/1098; 2/1180; 2/1206; 3/1743; 3/1754; 3/1783; 4/2201; 4/2211; 4/2401; 5/2498; 5/2603; 5/2618; 5/2696]

And he also said: “Qays is severely weak”
[Same: 2/1149; 4/2464]

21-         Imaam Abu al-Faraj Ibn al-Jawzee mentioned him in ad-Du’afa wal Matrokeen and said: “He narrates ahadeeth which contain dispute (Nazr)”
[3/20]

22-         Imaam Abu al-Hajjaaj al-Mizzi (D. 742) said: “Qays is Da’eef in hadeeth”
[Tuhfat ul-Ashraaf Bima’rifat al-Atraaf: 4/27 # 4489]

23-         Imaam Dhahabi (D. 748) said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ has weak memory”
[Al-Uluw: 1/52]

Also said: “Sudooq, Weak in Memory”
[Al-Mughni fi ad-Du’afa: 2/526-527]

At one place, he said: “He is Da’eef (Weak)”
[Siyar A’laam al-Nabula: 4/59 T. Abdullah bin Salaam]

At one place, he said: “Qays, Laysa Bizaaka (he is nothing)”
[Mu’jam ash-Shuyookh al-Kabeer by Dhahabi: 1/406]

At one place, he said: “Qays is not strong”
[Meezaan al-I’tidaal: 2/21]

24-         Haafidh Ibn al-Mulaqqin (D. 804) said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ is Sudooq; and hujjah is not taken from him”
[Al-Badar al-Muneer: 9/300]

25-         Haafidh Abu al-Fadl al-Iraaqi (D. 806) said: “He is Differed upon”
[Tarh at-Tathreeb: 7/45]

He also said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ is weakened by Jamhoor”
[Takhreej Ahaadeeth al-Ihyaa: 1/1422]

26-         Haafidh Noor ud-Deen al-Haythami (D. 807) said: “A Jama’ah (group) has weakened him”
[Majma az-Zawaaid: 1/180 H. 845]

27-         Haafidh al-Busayri (D. 840) said, while commenting on a hadeeth: “This chain is weak because of the weakness of Qays bin ar-Rabee’”
[Ithaaf al-Khayrah: 2/99 H. 1112]

He also said: “La Yuhtajju Bihi (Evidence is not taken from him)”
[Ithaaf al-Khayrah: 1/189 #3/3399]

28-         Haafidh Ibn Hajar (D. 852) said: “He is truthful, he has been weakened because of his weak memory”
[Fath ul-Baari: 13/285]

Ibn Hajar also said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ is Da’eef (Weak)”
[Talkhees al-Habeer: 2/255; 3/375; 1/443;]

29-         Badr ud-Deen al-Aynee (D. 855) said: “He (Qays) is Da’eef (weak)”
[Sharh Abi Dawood by al-Aynee: 3/112; Umdat ul-Qaari: 4/107]

30-         Mulla Ali Qaari (D. 1014) said: “He is weakened in hadeeth”
[Mirqaat al-Mafateeh Sharh Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh: 7/2714]

31-         Haafidh Zayn ud-Deen Muhammad al-Manaawi (D. 1034) said: “Qays bin ar-Rabee’ al-Asdi has been weakened by many people”
[Faydh ul-Qadeer: 1/213]

He also said: “He is weakened by Jamhoor”
[Faydh ul-Qadeer: 3/119 H. 2835]

32-         Ibraaheem bin Muhammad bin Muhammad Kamaal ud-Deen al-Hanafi ad-Dimashqi (D. 1120) said: “He is Weak”
[Al-Bayaan wal Ta’reef fi Asbaab Wurood al-Hadeeth ash-Shareef: 2/4]

33-         As-Sana’aani (D. 1182) said: “He is Da’eef (weak)”
[Subul as-Salaam Sharh Buloogh al-Maraam: 1/475]

34-         Imaam ash-Shawkaani (D. 1250) said: “He is Da’eef (weak)”
[Nayl al-Awtaar: 4/46]

Conclusion: The Jamhoor has declared Qays bin ar-Rabee’ to be Da’eef.

No comments:

Post a Comment